Introduction

Maryland Law
Colonial Law
State Law

Relations with Other States
         Petitions of the General Assembly
         Prigg v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
         Gorsuch Treason Trials

Federal Laws Regarding Slavery
The Declaration of Independence
Northwest Territories      
The Constitution
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1793
Slave Trade
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
Slaves, Freedmen, and the Law
Dred Scott  v.  Sandford

Free People of Colour Before the End of Slavery

Organizations Against Slavery
The American Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, and
the Relief of Free
    Negroes and Others,  Unlawfully Held in  Bondage
The Baltimore Society for the Protection of Free People of Color
 Prince Georges County and the Underground Railroad
      Henry
      Tom  Matthews
      William Brown
      Benjamin Ducket
      Jim Belle
      Nace Shaw
      Adam Smith
      Joseph Thomas and William Oliver
The Maryland Colonization Society
 Friends' Association in Aid of Freedmen
 Baltimore Association for the Moral and Educational
Improvement of the Colored
       People
 Freedmen's Bureau

Slavery in Prince George's County
  Colonial Slavery
        Quando
         Joice
         Daphne
         Others
         Colonial Slave Work
         Colonial Trials and Legal Proceedings
         Colonial Slave Resistance
          Poplar Neck and the Slave Consipiracy of 1739
    The Revolutionary War Period
    Growth of Slavery in the Post Revolutionary War Eara
          Slave Patrols
           Religious Restrictions
           Other  Laws
           Economic  Valuation
           Insurrection of 1845
           Public Opinion
           Slave Accounts
                   Dennis Simms
                    Lewis Chambers
                    Hensin Williams
                    William "Mac" Pickney

Epilogue:  Freedom

     The Civil War and Prince Georgians
     The Election of 1863
     The Constitutional  Convention
     The Aftermath  

Map of Prince Georges County

Assorted Documents on Prince Georges County
A History of Slavery in Prince Georges
County, Maryland
Custom Search
My Great Web page
Slavery was a local institution, but not removed from its state and national setting, so
various sections will relate to the Federal government and the state government.

This site uses as far as possible the names of slaves, freedmen and their masters. Every
student of the institution of slavery should be encouraged to place a human face on
slavery understanding slaves as flesh and blood. Discussing slavery as an abstract
institution is the same form of dehumanization that defenders of the institution of slavery
used in the 19th century. these slaves, masters, and freedmen are people like us
confronting their world through their own cultures, hopes and dreams.

We have institutionalized many of the names of slaveholders and defenders of slavery
today in the anming of our schools, streets and communities. However, Prince Georges
County has its share of African-American heroes and heroines. We have Ann Joice,
Adam Plummer, Henry and George Hatton, and Jack Ransom, to name a few.

In the beginning there was no slavery in Maryland. A black mulatto was a member of
the group on the
Ark and the Dove. He was the first black to vote and the first black to
hold office in Maryland. The instincts of the eary colonists were for survivial and not
racial prejudice. Prejudice and racism would follow in the next generation.

The principal crop of the new colony of Maryland was tobacco. While demanding a
good price in Europe, it drained the soil of its nutrients and the people of their health and
through the economic system used to produce it, their moral fiber. tobacco was a
labor-intensive crop and slaves were at a premium in its farming.

All colonies had slaves. From Massachusetts and Rhode Island, throughout New
England, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland to Virginia, the
Carolinas and Georgia slavery was established as an institution in the new world. After
the Republic was formed slavery would wither away throuhout the land above the
Mason-Dixon Line. Yet the north's slavery remnants persisted throughout the first part
of the nineteenth century.

In Maryland, the southern half of the state remained a strong slave holding area. The
northern and western parts, along with the City of Baltimore, refrained from the use of
slave labor and Baltimore would become the southern city with the largest free black
population. Slaves did not always grow tobacco, they could produce large acreage of
wheat. They could also "grow" other slaves for export south. New Orleans became a
destination for many Prince George's slaves. Prince George's became firmly rooted in
the tobacco culture and the slavery that maintained it.
Table of Contents
Maryland Law
Relations with Other
States
U. S. Fugitive Slave Law
1793
U. S. Fugitive Slave Law
1850
Federal Laws Regarding
Slavery
Slavery in Prince
George's County
Maryland
Maryland Abolition of
Slavery
Free People of Colour
Before the End of Slavery
Dred Scott Decision
   
Dr. Bronson Main Page
Assorted Documents of
Prince Georges County
Prince Georges 1861
Map
Author's Introduction