History of Straight University New Orleans June 26, 1869
Straight University. New Orleans, Louisiana. From The American Missionary, 1870 Straight University. This institution is located in New Orleans is a quiet and beautiful part of the city, fronting on a shady street, which resembles the boulevards of Paris. It was named after its generous patron, Hon. Seymour Straight, one of our earliest and most self-sacrificing friends. The land was purchased by the American Missionary Association, and buildings, costing twenty-five thousand dollars, have been erected by Government. It was legally incorporated June 25, 1869, "with the power to confer all such degrees as are conferred by Universities in the United States."
The Normal Department, designed to prepare public school instructors, went into operation November, 1869, and already numbers fifty students. This department is aided by the Peabody Fund.
The Academic department was opened in January, 1870, and numbers two hundred and fifty students.
The Theological Department, called "Reed Theological Seminary," in honor of Dea. Josiah Reed, of South Plymouth, Mass., [Editors note: The College Courant from Prinston University in May 1870 lists "Damon Point Reed as the person that the school is named after] has a class of fifteen, most of whom are pastors of young Congregational churches.
The Medical Department, has been established with a board of eminent Professors, and will commence instruction the coming autumn. The Legislature has already appropriated for its immediate wants thirty-five thousand dollars. A large class of young men have entered the Commercial departments, and a Law school will be early organized.
Situated as this institution is, in a commercial metropolis, the centre of populous States, where there is no other University open to students without regard to race or sex, and with all its departments manned by eminent instructors, it will have rapid growth, subserve an imperative mission, and exert a vast influence in the great work of Christian civilization.
(The American Missionary, August, 1870) Rev. J. W. Healey, A. M., President The catalogue of institution presents a list of 26 instructors and 874 pupils. The latter are classified thus: Theological 12, Normal 60, Academical 192, Elementary 638.
The state legislature has adopted the Medical department, and made an appropriation of thirty-five thousand dollars toward its endowment. Lectures will commence as soon as buildings and cabinets have been secured.
Needs. The Theological Department has neither buildings nor library. The Academical Department has land and buildings for instruction, but needs a Boarding Hall for students from abroad. We wish to invite talented youth from other localities; and, to do this, a home must be provided for them. No better investment could be made than in this direction. The University must be endowed to be permanently useful. Funds for scholarships and professorships are therefore needed. Christian beneficence cannot find a more remunerative investment than for these purposes. Hundreds of young men and women, of rare talent and promise, are waiting for the means of education.
(The American Missionary August 1870, p170) On our first page we present a picture of this institution, with a brief sketch of its size, location, &c.
Quite timely, we have just received New Orleans papers containing very full accounts of the commencement and dedicatory exercises, which took place June 27, 28 and 29. We are indebted to the New Orleans Republican for the following particulars, which we glean from its extended reports: ---
The Commencement Exercises Yesterday was the first of the three days appointed for the commencement exercises of Straight University. The day was appropriated to examinations of the primary department. Today and tomorrow the examination of the more advanced classes will take place.
The University Building is at the corner of Esplanade and Roman streets, in the Third District. It is a large structure, and appears to be well adapted to the educational purposes for which it was erected. There is a basement story, about ten feet high, which is used for the primary department, and for other purposes. The main entrance is attained by a flight of broad stairs, leading to a vestibule, on each side of which are rooms appropriated to the directory of the institution, and at the further end, opposite the main door, is the entrance to the chapel.
The chapel, which we estimate will hold about twelve hundred people, is admirably arranged for the accommodation of the congregation which crowds it on Sunday, while all its belongings and ornaments are in excellent taste. It contains a fine-toned melodeon of the largest size. The galleries, ranging on both sides of the room, are well adapted for sight and hearing; and the tout ensemble of the chapel will, for good taste and perfect adaptedness, compare with any structure for similar size and purposes in the city.
The whole of the upper story consists of several large and airy class-rooms, completely and appropriately fitted up with proper school furniture. In this story, also, is the library, which already contains a goodly number of volumes, and as we were informed by the Rev. Mr. Turner, is receiving constant additions.
We are compelled, for want of room, to omit the account of the examinations. The Republican expresses its commendations of the ability of the teachers and proficiency of the pupils, and adds:
In estimating the result, as here stated, it must be considered not only that the pupils have been but a short time under tuition, but that a large portion of them were of French parentage---that the French language was their mother tongue. This would, of course, cause a difficulty in acquiring a correct English pronunciation and accent.
It must be remembered, too, that very many of these children possess no inherited intelligence, for they are the offspring of parents who had been kept in the degraded ignorance belonging to a state of slavery, to which, until a few years past, these children were also destined.
It may be proper to remark, also, that the progress so far made, as shown by the examinations, must be attributed to the great earnestness shown by the lately enfranchised race in acquiring knowledge, causing them to seize with avidity and zest the advantages of which they had been deprived.
The exercises were followed by addresses from Mr. Roxborough, Col. Mason and Rev. Father Maistre. We cannot follow the interesting details of the other two days, and must content ourselves with giving portions of
The Dedicatory Addresses.
The following is the address of Col. E. W. Mason on the dedication of the University building and the transfer of the property from the United States government to the A. M. A.
After the opening, Col. Mason rose and spoke as follows:---
In view of all these things, gladly, Mr. Healy, do I, as the agent of the Government; obey the executive order, and transfer to you, for the American Missionary Association, this beautiful and well arranged University, and may its present prosperity be put a prophecy of its future, and may you long be spared to see, respecting it, your most sanguine hopes realized.
Mr. President, ladies and gentlemen---We have met at this time and place to formally dedicate this material structure to the great work of education. I find its inception and history in a beautiful catalogue of the University, which I hold in my hand, and which is as follows:
"The enfranchisement of the slaves and their necessitous condition, led the American Missionary Association to plant schools in the South, whose immunities should be enjoyed by all, without regard to race or previous condition. Through this unsectarian agency hundreds of elementary schools and colleges have been opened to the colored people. New Orleans, the commercial metropolis of the South-west, seemed especially to demand a school of higher learning--for one-half of its population is of African descent, thousands of whom, free born, are persons of wealth and culture. To meet this necessity, in the spring of 1869, a few gentlemen conceived the plan of planting this University.
"The Freedmen's Bureau and American Missionary Association at once pledged their co-operation. A site was selected on one of the most beautiful streets in the city. The American Missionary Association purchased the grounds, and the Government assured the erection of buildings to the value of $20,000. An act of incorporation was secured June 25, 1869, 'with the power to confer all such degrees and honors as are conferred by Universities in the United States of America,' and representative men, in sympathy with the work, were chosen a Board of Trustees.
"While the buildings were being erected, a Normal department was opened in one of the churches, which numbered about sixty students. February, 1870 the building was completed and at once occupied. The providence of God seemed to favor the enterprise from the beginning; and, within these brief months, more than eight hundred students have been instructed. Its beautiful and well arranged apartments, ample modern facilities for instruction, scholarly and consecrated teachers, and the high moral tone of its culture, render it ore-eminent as a school for youth. Distinguished gentlemen, familiar with the best methods of instruction, have expressed the highest commendation. Because it is catholic in its aims and through in its culture, several students of the Saxton race have availed themselves of its advantages; and at no distant day it is expected that all nationalities will freely enter its departments.
"This building, erected by the Government for the American Missionary Association, I am ordered by Major General O. O. Howard, the Commissioner, to transfer to that Christian body. This I do most cheerfully, because I am fully persuaded that it will not be alienated from the purposes of its erection--the education of students, without regard to race or color.
"The history of the American Missionary Association needs no extended recital by me. It planted the first freedmen's schools in this State, and the Bureau found it occupying the ground.
"General Banks promised to assume and faithfully perform this educational work in Louisiana, and this Association withdrew its corps of faithful teachers and directed its means elsewhere. So soon as the Bureau resolved to devote its energies to the erection of buildings for elementary and higher learning, this Association re-entered this field, and by the untiring energy of its agent, Rev. J. W. Healy, commenced the erection of school buildings and the organization of schools, by the cooperative aid of the Government. Other Associations have received similar and greater aid, and all have been aided when the conditions proscribed by the Government have been coupled with. We have aided the Methodist Church to the amount of $40,000, the Baptists $30,000 and this Association about $25,000. Without making invidious comparisons, facts warrant me in saying that this Association has done more educational work than any other. Its score of school buildings, all occupied with efficient schools, sustained all the year, and its more than sixty teachers, are evidences that it means work. This University, which has instructed nearly nine hundred students the past year, and the results witnessed in these examinations, are full proof of its faithful work.
It is with reluctance that we confine ourselves to the following brief sentences from the excellent reply of
Rev. J. W. Healy. Rev. Mr. Healy, in accepting the transfer of the property to the Association of which he is agent, spoke as follows:
In behalf of the America Missionary Association, I accept the transfer of these buildings and furniture, which you have formally delivered to us by order of the Secretary of War. This I do, not to enrich the Association which I represent--for it is a most valuable and generous donation---but I accept it with the sincere and profound conviction that the educational design of the Government, in the erection and transfer, will be faithfully and sacredly carried out. What we have done the past year is a pledge of what we purpose to do in yet greater measure * * * Thanking you for all your generous aid and timely co-operation for we have ever wrought as brothers in this common work---let me express my gratitude once again for the transfer you have made; and pledge the Government, through you, that the American Missionary Association, and this University, which I am permitted to represent, will be the guardians of this sacred trust; and may the great Father of us all bless your work more abundantly in coming years.
The American Missionary Feb 1871 p 32 Examination in Straight University. The New Orleans Republican gives an extended account of this examination. We copy the following items.
According to announcement, the examinations of this institution commenced yesterday morning. Although the weather was most disagreeable, yet a large audience was present to participate in the exercises. This school is systematically classified, and the examinations were progressive.
We found the building admirably adapted to a graduated school, a chapel assigned for study, furnished with the most modern furniture; pictures and other ornaments, to make it home'like and attractive; and fourteen large recitation rooms, amply supplied with black-boards, globes, maps, charts, etc. And we can not, in justice, omit a mention of the teachers most of them graduates of Northern institutions, and fully capable to impart correct knowledge of English studies. this we deem very important. The English is to be the language of our State, and it is of the highest importance that a correct English pronunciation be taught in our schools. This unquestionable fact accounts, in part, for the large patronage of the French speaking and the Creole population, for we noticed hundreds of this class at the examination.
No one could witness the examination of this university, without being conviced of its correct and thorough elementary instruction.
Two classes in Latin also recited, a class of beginners and a class advanced. Rarely have we witnessed more promptness of proficiency, considering the ages and opportunities enjoyed. The examinations in the higher studies that have been pursued in this institution, abundantly vindicate the ability of the colored people to become scholars.
The examination in algebra, was equally satisfactory. It was not pretended that these pupils were finished algebraists, or that they had not yet a long way to go; but it was undeniably evident that they had made solid progress. Even the mistake that a pupil would occassionally make when demonstrating on the black-board was proof that the examination had not been rehearsed.
There have attended this institution, during the term just closed, six hundred and seventy-eight pupils, which shows an increase over any previous term; and notwithstanding the capacity of the building, a time may come when more rooms may be needed.
The American Missionary June 1871 Excerpts from Theological Seminaries for the South p133.
At New Orleans, the commercial centre of the great southwest, some progress has already been made in establishing the Theological Department of Straight University. We wish to call special attention at this time to this seminary, as the president of Straight University, Rev. J. W. Healy, is now in the North to raise $40,000 for the purchase of a building for the seminary, and to complete the sum required for the endowment of the first professorship. We commend Bro. Healy and his mission to all who desire to see the faith and spirit of the Pilgrim Fathers prevail in the South.
We are glad to republish from the Christian Union so kind and appreciative a notice of our Straight University in New Orleans, La., and the endorsement of the efforts of Rev. Mr. Healy to secure funds for it.
Good Missionary Work.---True salvation for the South, both in a political and a moral sense, can only be secured by foundation work in education and religion. Patriots and Christians alike owe their heartiest sympathy and the most effective help they can give to every well-judged effort to plant the school and the church in that section. Such an effort seems to be that in connection with Straight University, New Orleans. Its academical department has already in some measure gained a footing. But the Theological School is in peculiar need, as it has pecular claims. Its purpose is to train students, without distinction of race or denomination, for the ministry. The imperative need, among the freedmen especially, of intelligent ministers does not require to be enlarged on. And it is obvious how much more widely and effectively the requisite training can be given by a home institution than by any distance. The endorsement of the American Missionary Association is a good assurance that the present enterprise is well directed. By the Association's help, with the co-operation of the General Government, a building has been erected for the Academical branch of the University; and during the current year more than a thousand students have had instruction in the different departments. Under the authority of the Association, the Rev. J. W. Healy is now soliciting funds to secure a building for the Theological School. In the present state of society at the South, such an appeal is entitled to a peculiarly liberal response at the North. While we are lamenting over the Ku Klux and the whole miserable muddle of disorder and bad government, and berating each other about our different political prescriptions for the case, a little practical Good Samaritanism is especially desirable.
American Missionary For August, 1871 Straight University.
"The Citizens Guard," of New Orleans, of July 1, furnishes a lively account of the examinations in this institution. We are again compelled to abridge.
The examinations at this school began on Monday. In the afternoon we attended, and to our "utter demoralization" we were cooly waited on and requested to assist in the examination of the Greek class. The reader can better imagine than can be told the rediculous farce of a student whose remembrance of "graduation day" is now well nigh burried in the dim past seated in solemn gravity to ask and criticise students on their knowledge of the master language of antiquity. But farce or not, finding that our entreaty to be excused from a suddenly renewed acquaintance with a literature that had cost us many a vigil over the midnight lamp would not be complied with, we at last reluctantly consented. A class of our young men whose faces evinced the pleasure anticipated from an examination for which they were well prepared, answered questions and elucidated sentences with a readiness attesting close application to study during the session. As the examination progressed and points of interest suggested, the proficiency of the young gentlemen developed itself to their credit and the praise of Professor Williams. Passing from this we went to a class in fractions. Here too the scholars were wide awake and answered the puzzling questions in the science of numbers with an intelliegence that came of a thorough mastery of the ground they had traversed. Interest became intensified by a manly rivalry to detect and expose the least mistake either in definition or the misunderstanding of a rule or principle. The desirable progress manifested by these two we are told, is a fair index of sililiar result in the other classes.
During the past year there have been four students in Greek; in Latin, thirty-one; in Algebra, eleven; in higher Arithmetic, thirteen; in United States History, twenty-four; in Physiology, thirty.
The exhibition took place Wednesday night. the overcrowded chapel and the faces of some of our first citizens was a fair manifestation of the interest of the community to see for themselves some index of the progress made by the scholars. We are ready to confess that none came away disappointed; if any such they were happily so. It is impossible with our limited space to particularize. Certainly, where all acquitted themselves so handsomely, it might savor of partially to be personal in awarding praise. The exercises were fully up to the average of similar ones in Northern schools. Excepting pronounciation smacking of Spanish, or French which was peculiar to some of the embryo crators, one might have closed his eyes and then believed himself at the commencement of an academy "up North." We compliment the particpants on their success and hope that they will persevere to the attainment of a complete course of study. Kelly's Juvenile Band discoursed music, and right well did they perform thier part. The sight of so many little boys skillfully and with ease handling those brassen instruments withouth partaking some of the brass in their manner speaks highly for the teaching of Mr. Kelly and the smartness of his pupils.
At a late hour, the excercises came to a close to the satisfaction of all who witnessed them.
(American Missionary Volume 32, Issue 6, June 1878) The Institution was incorporated June 25th, 1869, and the first school building was completed in February, 1870. The American Missionary Association and the Freedmen's Bureau co-operated in the establishment of the University. From the first, great numbers flocked to the school to enjoy its advantages, so that the capacity of the building was taxed to its utmost. The eagerness of the freedmen for education in 1870, and the two or three years following, was perhaps, more intense and general than now. Between three and four thousand have been enrolled as students in the University during the eight years of its existence.
It bears the name of Hon. Seymour Straight of Ohio, who is one of its steadfast friends and benefactors.
Location. New Orleans, a city of 220,000 inhabitants, of whom 80,000 are colored people, is a most important point to be occupied in missionary work among the freedmen. As the commercial centre of the Southwest---as the great cotton, sugar, and rice market of the Union---it outranks all others. In its intimate connections by river, bayou, and railroad with the most thickly populated negro districts of the old slave States, it is second to none. Texas, Mississippi, and Florida are constantly adding to the negro population of Louisiana. By the census of 1875 there were 369,000 colored people in this State, and each year swells the number. Already it is fifty-five per cent of the entire population. Without disparagement to any other section, we claim, also, that the colored population of New Orleans represents the highest intelligence yet attained by the race in America. It includes the genuine African, the mulatto, the quadroon, the octaroon, and yet other shades and grades; and in this mingling of races we see, also, the diffusion of intelligence, and a corresponding increase in the capacity of culture and development. It would require the quick eye of an "expert" to detect, in the fair complexion and delicate features of many who throng our churches and schools, the faintest trace of African descent. Without speculating upon the cause, certain it is that we find among the colored people of the Crescent City a quickness of intelligence, and a capacity for the best culture and the noblest development, and withal a thirst for knowledge, which is worthy of our best sympathy and most generous benevolence.
The Results We Hope To Accomplish. In a word, our aim is Education, in its broadest and best meaning. The elevation, the prosperity, the highest manhood, and the co-ordinate rank of the African race in America, in the friendly rivalry of races, are still in the future---whether in the near or remote future, depends largely upon the race itself to determine. Education, under Divine guidance, is the gateway to that long-for future. That I mean education as allied with religion, will be assumed. That the race is not educated, is by no fault of theirs. That they desire education, is to their credit. To help them to this education is both our duty and our privilege.
The courses of study in this Institution include in the Academic Department, the Collegiate, the Normal, and the Preparatory; and in the Professional Department, the Theological and the Law.
We have a preparatory course, that we may secure better material for the higher courses. In the Normal course, special attention is given to those studies which will furnish young men and women with the education needed in the various branches of business life open to them, and which especially will qualify them as teachers, for which there is, and must continue to be, a great demand. In the Collegiate Department--which includes, among other studies, the higher Mathematics, Mental and Moral Philosophy, and Latin---a higher grade and wider scope of studies will be added so soon as there is a demand for them. The school is yet in its infancy, and the number of those who are fitted to pursue to advantage the highest grade of studies is, of course, very limited.
Law Department. An able corps of Professors has been secured. Jurists of reputation and successful practice at the bar of Louisiana have kindly offered their services, with little hope of adequate compensation, and every facility is provided for young men of talent, who are attracted by the profession of the law, to fit themselves for honorable and successful practice. Regular graduates from this department, at the conclusion of a two years' course of study, and a well sustained examination, are admitted to the bar of New Orleans, with authority to practice in all the courts of the Commonwealth.
Theological Department. The churches need thoroughly educated ministers, with carefully cultivated minds, who can intelligently preach the word. The degree of suffering for the lack of such ministers cannot be told. In the meantime, it is our aim to make the best use of the material we have, and transform it from a state of utter crudeness to one of partial fitness for the present demands of the churches. Men of piety and ability to speak and to teach are received, and advanced as far and as rapidly as their imperfect preparatory education will admit. Louisiana, with a colored population of 370,000, is ripe for a glorious spiritual harvest. The churches are calling in vain for intelligent laborers to go forth into the harvest. I wish the prospect was brighter for a large class of intelligent, spiritual, and enthusiastic students to enter this department, and to lift it to a high grade of usefulness.
The New University The building on Esplanade street, built in 1870, was entirely destroyed by fire February 16th, 1877. Since that disastrous event, our sessions have been held in Central Church, which is also the property of the American Missionary Association. A new site, more convenient and attractive, was purchased in January last. It is located on Canal street, the most beautiful avenue in New Orleans. It comprises a half square of land, 150 feet front by 310 feet in depth. The new building, for whose design great credit is due to Prof. Thomas N. Chase, while not adhering strictly to any style of architecture, may be classed as Italian, as it approaches more nearly to that order. The dimensions of the building are 72 feet by 51 1/2 feet. The five large recitation rooms are 30 feet by 50 1/2 feet. The halls are 10 feet in width. The building is conveniently arranged, and all the requirements of the school, we think, have been perfected.
Grateful as we are for this new structure, we are not satisfied; neither should the friends of the freedmen in the North be satisfied. Straight University, in order to fill the measure of its usefulness, and cultivate the territory open to its occupation, must furnish accommodations for students from abroad---from towns outside of New Orleans, and from adjoining States. It must have dormitories. Two buildings, one on either side of the main building, are urgently needed, and at the earliest possible day. Then, when our group of buildings are completed, we can invite and welcome the best talent of the race, at whatever distance from New Orleans it may be found. Then our beloved University will become, among the educational institutions of the South-west---and especially of the Gulf States---the magnet, attracting to itself the best in intellect, in heart, and in promise of future good.
Twenty-Seventh Anniversary from the American Missionary, Vol 50 p. 219
We condense the following account from the Supplement to the University Olie:
Junior exhibition was the fore-runner of commencement, the happy beginning of the series of events that make the close of the school year so full of pleasant excitement and interest. There were 11 speakers, all of whom held the close attention of the audience. The hearty applause at the close of Mr. John M. Smith's oration on the great work of the American Missionary Association showed that he had touched a sympathetic chord in the hearts of his hearers, and it was well deserved.
On Sunday, May 17, the two "Christian Associations" assembled in the chapel to listen to an earnest address by Rev. Watson Jones.
The Baccalaureate was delivered in the evening at eight o'clock. Stimulated by the memory of the past, all had looked forward to this occasion with the most pleasing anticipations. President Atwood's subject was "Paul's Conception of Life." The discourse was admirable. In apt and felicitous illustrations he unfolded the great Apostle's idea that life, drawing its inspiration from Christ and moving within the sphere of this larger life, is a grand mission and a glorious service. The close attention of the large audience showed how deeply they were impressed by the elevated thought, the noble sentiments, and the earnest manner of the speaker.
Monday was a full day. The exhibit of the schoolwork and the exercises of the Hand school drew a large crowd of people. Large numbers stood near the doors and in the hall, unable to get in.
The university is indebted to Mr. Charles H. Shute, of the Board of Trustees, for the gift of a beautiful flag, which was presented to it at the close of the exercises. Five hundred student voices joined in the singing of "America," and the flag was raised to the summit of the pole, amid the enthusiastic cheers of the multitude.
Monday night was given to the interesting and significant ceremony connected with the presentation of the picture of Mr. Thomy Lafon, to the university, by the Alumni. This memorial is in recognition of Mr. Lafon's generous bequest to the university of about $6,000, the first considerable gift to any such institution, so far as known, by any lawyer, who is an Alumnus of the school, gave an able address, eulogizing Mr. Lafon, and expressing the esteem of the Alumni for the American Missionary Association, and the faithful teachers who have made Straight University such a blessing to this part of the South. President Atwood accepted the gift in behalf of the university, thanking the Alumni for their graceful act and continued interest in the institution, and saying that he was glad to have this picture, where the students can see it every day, and learn the useful lessons which Mr. Lafon's life teaches.
The painting hangs upon the wall, at the right of Mr. Straight's. These two pictures, looking down upon the students as they assemble from morning to morning, will be noble object-lessons, teaching them to emulate the virtues which entitle these men to the gratitude of posterity.
Tuesday at 1 p.m. occurred the Anniversary Exercises of the Literary Societies. The orator of the occasion was Dr. A. J. Lopez, of the class of 1888, who gave an address worthy of high praise for its excellent spirit and literary merit. His subject was "Ideals."
The class-day exercises in the evening drew a crowded and enthusiastic audience. The class history was bright and entertaining; the Prophecy was marked by good taste and far from extravagance. The subject of Mr. McGruder's oration was "The Sheats Law of Florida," that dark crime against our Christian civilization, which was passed to destroy the school maintained at Orange Park, Fla., by the American Missionary Association, by making it a penal offense for white teachers to board in the same building with colored students. For so young a man Mr. McGruder showed a remarkable comprehension of the far-reaching and blighting effects of this infamous enactment, and is to be commended for his serious study of a subject that so profoundly concerns the destiny of the race.
The Associate Alumni met early in the evening for the transaction of business. The literary exercises occurred at 8 p.m. The address of Rev. C. W. Johnson was a fitting eulogy of Mr. Straight, the memory of whom will always be gratefully cherished by the students. President Atwood gave a clear and interesting account of the work during the year and of the present hopeful condition of the university.
The commencement exercises, Thursday night, in Central Church were the last scene in the drama of commencement week. Nearly two thousand people were crowded into the large auditorium. Hundreds went away unable to get in. The great audience was itself a study. Refinement and intelligence were indicated in its good deportment and discriminating applause. The audience has been educated by the school. Of the exercises it may be said that no piece was poor and that the speaking was earnest and spirited.
The presentation of the diplomas to the graduates, and of certificates to the Grammar Department, through last, was by no means least. These diplomas and certificates were the well-earned rewards of years of patient study, and are the evidences of accurate and substantial attainments. The graduates numbered fourteen.