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Freedmen Aid Societies

History of the American Missionary Association:
Its Churches and Educational Institutions among
The Freedmen, Indians and the Chinese

Page 1-2

AMA A-1257
Index: The American Missionary, History of the American Missionary Association, Spanish Inquisition, American
Missionary Association, Amistad Committee, Washington, Lieut Gedney
1. The monthly peridical the
American Missionary was published from October,1846. (The American Missionary
Association was formed in September 1846. It was published through March 1934. Many of the issues can be found

2. The mystery vessel was the
Amistad, a schooner that had been captured by the Mendi kidnapped victims. Lead by
Sengbe Pieh (Cinque) the Africans attempted to sail the ship home to Africa but were tricked by the Spanish crew. After
capture by Lieut. Gedney on the Brig
Washington (employed as a Coastal Survey) near Culloden Point on the east end
of Long Island.  Two Spaniards, Pedro Montez and Jose Ruis were taken along with the forty -two Africans (thirty-eight
youths and men, three girls, and one boy.) They were taken to New London Connecticut on August 29, 1839. Judge
Judson of the United States District Court committed the Africans for trial for murder on the high seas.

The Amistad Committee was formed by Simeon Jocelyn to defend the captives. Also on the committee were Joshua
Leavitt and Lewis Tappan. The committee's attorney was Roger Sherman Baldwin, Seth P. Staples, and Theodore
Sedgwick, Jr. Mendi interpreters were found on board the British armed brig
Buzzard lying in New York Harbor. Leonard
Bacon, Henry G. Ludlow, and Amos Townsend, Jr. were to provide instruction to the captives. They were assisted later
by former President John Quincy Adams. The Mendi attended the 1st Congregational Church in Farmington and also
attended school. (see

4. The District Court in New Haven found that the Africans were born free, kidnapped, forcibly and unlawfully transported
to Cuba, placed on the Amistad under permits fraudulently obtained and used, after achieving the freedom sought an
asylum in the State of New York by the laws of which they were free, and they were illegally seized by Lieutenant and
brought to the District. The Court decreed that the Africans should be delivered to the President and sent back to Africa.
The case was appealed by the District Attorney on demand by the Minister of the Queen of Spain.

5. Ex-President John Quincy Adams as senior council and Rober Baldwin argued the case before the Supreme Court in
February and March of 1841.

6. Letter from John Quincy Adams giving disposition of the case:

Washington, 9th March, 1841
To Lewis Tappan, Esq., New York:

The Captives are free!

The part of the Decree of the District Court, which placed them at the disposal of the President of the United States, to
be sent to Africa, is reversed. They are to be discharged from the custody of the Marshal--free.

The rest of the decision of the Courts below, is affirmed.

"Not unto us-not unto us, &c."

But Thanks-Thanks! in the name of humanity and of justice, to YOU. J. Q. Adams.

7. By this time there were thirty-five left. A farewell meeting was held in the Broadway Tabernacle in New York on
November 27th, 1841. Rev. William Raymond, Mrs. Raymond and Rev. James Steele were the missionaries that
returned with the Mendi.

8.They arrived at Freetown in Sierra Leone on January 15, 1842. They went to the Sherbro country. One of the
difference of this new mission was that it did not take any tobacco or rum for sale or barter. Rev. Steele returned to the
United States and Rev. Raymond died in Sierra Leone. After Raymond's death the mission fell upon Thomas Bunyan a
native who had acted as interpreter. There were sixty-seven children in the school and twenty-one persons connected
with the mission. Two more missionaries were sent from the United States: Rev. George Thompson and Anson J. Carter.
Mr. Carter died in eight days after reaching Serra Leone. In 1849 John S. Brooks and his wife (Fidelia Coburn) and Miss
Kinson one of the Amistad Captives who had returned to the US for education were sent to Sierra Leone. Mrs. Brooks
died before she reached the mission. On December 10, 1850 eight missionaries were sent out for the Kaw-Mendi
Mission and a new station at Tissana: Rev. J. Cutler Tefft and wife; Rev. F. L. Arnold and wife; Miss Joanna Alden; Miss
Hannah More; Mr. William C. Brown; and Mr. Samuel Gray. Miss Alden died at the mission-house March 3d, Mrs. Arnold
June June 9th, and Mrs. Tefft June 10th, 1851. In May 1852 Mr. Arnold returned to the United States. On December
25th 1852 more missionaries were sent: Rev. Morris Officer; Dr. T. G. Cole; Mr. Daniel W. Burton and wife; Mrs. George
Thompson; Miss Mahala McGuire; Miss Louisa Saxton; and Miss Mary B. Aldrich. Rev. John Condit set sail to join the
mission on November 30, 1853. He died April 24, 1854. Mr. Officer, and Mr. And Mrs. Gray returned to the United
States. In 1854 the Boom-Falls Station and Good Hope Station, Sherbro Island were opened. On January 23, 1855 new
missionaries were sent: Miss Woolsey, Miss Winters, and Miss Susan Teall along with Rev. J. Cutler Tefft and his wife
the former Miss Saxton, and Mrs. Burton.
Rev. Simeon Jocelyn
Lewis Tappan
Mass Historical Society
Sengbe Pieh
Rev. Joshua Leavitt
Matthew Bradley
Roger Baldwin
President John Quincy Adams
Photographer: Philip Hass
Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Index: Officers Arthur Tappan, Lewis Tappan, William
Jackson, Theodore S. Wright, C. D. Cleveland, F. D. Parish,
David Thurston, Samuel R. Ward, Simeon S. Jocelyn, Amos
A. Phelps, Chas. B. Ray, J. R. Johnson, Wm. H. Pillow, S. E.
Cornish, Wm. E. Whiting, J. W. C. Pennington, Josiah
Brewer, Edward Weed, David Thurston, George Whipple,
Henry H. Garnet, Wm. Harned. Sherlock Bristol, Anthony
Officers 1846
American Missionary Vol 1, Issue 1
October 1846
Officers 1847
American Missionary Vol 2, #1
November 1847
AMA Officers 1847-48

AMA Officers  1849-50

Minutes of the 3rd Annual Meeting

                                         Annual Meetings and Preachers

1847  - New York - No Sermon
1848 - Hartford, Conn - Rev. G. W. Perkins
1849 - Boston, Mass - Rev. David Thurston
1850 - Rochester, N.Y. - Rev. charles B. Boynton
1851 - Cleveland, Ohio - Rev. J. Blanchard
1852 - Bangor, Me - Rev. James B. Wlaker
1853 - Worcester, Mass - Prof. Henry E. Peck
1854 - Bradford, Vt. - Rev. Silas McKeen
1855 - Chicago, Ill - Rev. James A Thome
1856 - Fulton, Ny. - Rev. William W. Patton
1857 - Mansfield, Ohio - Rev. L. A. Sawyer
1858 - Worcester Mass - Rev. Stephen Thurston
1859 - Chicago, Ill - Rev. G. B. Cheever, D. D.
1860 - Syracuse, N. Y. - Rev. John Morgan, D. D.
1861 - Norwich, Conn - Rev. C. B. Boyton, D. D.
1862 - Oberlin, Ohio - Rev. S. Wolcott
1863 - Hopkinton, Mass - Rev. J. Blanchard
1864 - New Haven, Conn. - Rev. J. P. Thompson, D. D.
1865 - Brooklyn, N. Y. Rev. E. N. Kirk, D. D.
1866 - Galesburg, Ill - Rev. H. M. Storrs, D. D.
1867 - Homer , N. Y. - Rev. E. B. Webb, D. D.
1868 - Springfield, Mass - Rev. John Todd, D. D.
1869 - Mt. Vernon, Ohio - Rev. J. M. Sturtevant
1870 - Lawrence, Mass - Rev. Henry Ward Beecher
1871 - Hartford, Conn - Rev. H. M. Scudder, D. D.
1872 - Racine, Wis - Rev. E. P. Goodwin
1873 - Newark N. J. - Rev. W. M. Taylor, D. D.
1874 - Clinton, Ia - Rev. G. F. Magoun, D. D.
1875 - Middletown, Conn - Rev. W. M. Barbour, D. D.
1876 - Fitchburg, Mass - Rev. N. J. Burton, D. D.

               Information on Officers of the American Missionary Association
A. C. Barstow - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1883.

Rev. Henry Belden - Recording Secretary 1854 - 1875.

Rev. Edward Beecher, D. D. - Vice President from 1864-1871, 1879-1883.

James O. Bennett - Executive Committee, Auditor AMA, 1850 -1876.

Rev. Charles B. Boynton, D. D. - Vice President of AMA from 1864-1868

Lawrence Brainard - President from 1854 - 1859.

Rev. Josiah Brewster - Executive Committee AMA 1846-1863

Rev. Sherlock Bristol - (June 5, 1815 - September 26, 1906) -Executive Committee (1846-1852) He was born in
Cheshire, Conn and attended early school at Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass, 1833-35. He graduated from Oberlin
College in 1839 and from Oberline Theological Seminary in 1842. He was Pastor of Trinitarian church, Fitchburg, Mass.,
1846-48. Pastor of Sullivan Street Church, New York city, 1848-50; Free Church, Andover, Mass., 1850-51. Pastored in
Wisconsin at Dartford, Green Lake and Brandon, 1852-58, Elmwood, Ill., 1859-61; an abolitionist. Later he was a
Wisconsin farmer, Idaho rancher, a founder of Boise Idaho, Indian fighter, in 1862 he led a wagion train as captain to
Idaho, and a California gold miner. For the first 30 years of their existence he was pastor of The First Congregational
Church of San Buenaventura and the Saticoy Community Church. He invited Chinese into his churches and set up a
school to teach them to read and write. His autobiography is
The Pioneer Preacher, Incidents of Interest, and
Experiences in the Author's Life

William A. Buckingham - President of AMA from 1874-1875.

Jacob Butler - Vice President of the AMA from 1859-1871.

William C. Chapin - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1883.

William Claflin - Vice President of the AMA from 1863-1883.

Charles Dexter Cleveland - born December 3, 1802 in Salem, Massachusetts. He was a graduate from Dartmouth
College and became a professor of Latin and Greek at Dickinson College in Pennsylvania. Later he taught at the
University of the City of New York. He gave a series of Anti-slavery addresses in 1844 and 1845. He was the the U. S.
Consul at Cardiff, Wales in 1861. He was a Vice-President of the AMA from 1846-1869.  He died on August 18, 1869 in

Rev. Samuel Eli Cornish (1795- November 6, 1858) - born in Delaware to parents of mixed race. After graduating from
the Free African School in Philadelphia Cornish began training to become a Presbyterian minister and was ordained in
1822. He was ordained in 1822. Moved to New York City and organized the first congregation of Black Presbyterians as
New Demeter Street Presbyterian Church. . He was also the pastor of First African Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia
and Emmanuel church in New York City.  Rev. Cornish was active in the American Bible Society. In 1827 he became
co-editor of
Freedom's Journal . He was a founding member of the American Anti-Slavery Society. This society was
formed by Arthur Tappan, Lewis Tappa,n Theodore Weld and William Lloyd Garrison. In 1840 he left to join the American
and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. He was Vice President of the AMA from 1851-1859. Auditor 1848 - 1849.

Rev. Adam Crooks - Vice President AMA 1867 - 1871.

Rev. S. W. S. Dutton, D. D. - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1866.

John P. Elton - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1865.

Rev. W. T. Eustis, D. D. - Vice President AMA 1866 - 1882

Thaddeus Fairbanks - Vice Presidents AMA 1869-1883.

General C. B. Fisk - Vice President Ama from 1868 - 1875.

Rev. Henry Highland Garnet - (December 23, 1815 - February 13, 1882) Executive Committee AMA  1847-1848,
1856-1861 A former slave he moved to New York city. He attended the African Free School and the Phoenix High School
for Colored Youth. As a student he established the Garrison Literary and Benevolent Association. Attended Noyes
Academy in New Hampshire. Completed his education at Oneida Theological Institute in whitesboro, New York. In 1842
became pastor of Liberty Street Presbyterian church. Rev. Garnet joined the American Anti-Slavery Society. He founded
the African Civilization Society. In 1850 he went to Great Britain as a lecturer. In 1852 he went to Jamacia as a missionary.
He helped recruit troops during the Civil War. He preached in the House of Representatives addressing them on
February 12, 1865. In 1868 he became president of Avery College and later returned to New York as pastor of the Shiloh
Presbyterian Church. He died in Libia as the U.S. Minister in 1882.

Merrill E. Gates - President of AMA 1892-1898

Rev. D. M. Graham, D. D.  - Vice President AMA

R. R. Graves - Auditor AMA, 1862-1865.

Rev. Mr. Green - Executive Committee suffered a paralytle attack (May, 1847)

Professor Samuel Harris - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1883.

Horrace Hallock - Vice President AMA 1866-1880.

Rev. William Harned - Executive Committee AMA, 1847 - 1853; Member of the New York Vigilance Committee. In 1849
he helped over 400 fugitives from slavery. The committee used the 61 John Street address for its activities.

Rev. Edward Hawes, D.D. - Vice President AMA 1869 - 1883.

E. D. Holton - Vice President of the AMA from 1859 - 1883.

General O. O. Howard - Vice President of the AMA from 1869 - 1871 and 1875 - 1883.

H. W. Hubbard - Assistant Treasurer AMA, 1876 - 1879, Treasurer 1879 - ?

William Jackson - President of the AMA from 1846 - 1854. Born in Newton Mass on September 2, 1873. Founder of the
Newton Temperance Society. Secretary of the Newton Female Academy in 1831. First President of the Newton Savings
Bank 1831-1835 and 1848-1855. He was a citizen of Boston and an active and successful business man. He was a
member of the Massachusetts Legislature and was afterward elected to Congress (1833-37) on the Anti-Masonic ticket.
He was the first candidate of the Liberty Party for Governor of Massachusetts. From the age of 37 he lived in Newton,
Mass. Jackson died in Newton on February 27, 1854 and was buried in the Old Burial Ground.

Rev. Simeon S. Jocelyn - Executive Committee 1846-1855 and 1863-1879. He was the corresponding Secretary from
1853-1863. Recording Secretary AMA 1846 - 1853. Born in New Haven, Ct., in 1799. He studied for the ministry at Yale
University. He started his ministry in an African American church in New Haven - Temple Street Church (Todays Dixwell
UCC). This church was established as the African Ecclesiatical Society. In 1831 he travelled with William Garrison and
Arthur Tappan to Philadelphia to the first :"Convention of the Free People of Colour". He was a member of the original
Amistad committee. He was a member of the New England Church of Brooklyn, E. D. He died August 17, 1879 and was
buried in The Evergreens Cemetery Brooklyn New York.

J. R. Johnson - Anti-slavery agent

Edgar Ketchum - Treasurer AMA 1846-1879.

Rev. E. N. Kirk, D. D. - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1865. President from 1865 - 1874.

Anthony Lane - Auditor AMA, 1850-1857, 1859-1862, 1865-1875.

Rev. John Lowry - Vice President from 1862 - 1865.

Rev. Sella Martin - Vice President AMA from 1868 - 1869.

Rev. Silas McKeen, D. D. - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1878.

Rev. F. A. Noble, D. D. - President  AMA, 1898-1901, Vice President AMA, 1866-1869, 1878 - ?.

Rev. Ray Palmer, D. D. - Vice President from 1864 -1883.

Rev. Leonard S. Parker - Vice President of the AMA from 1864-1870.

Francis Drake Parish Born in Ontario County, New York on December 20, 1796. He moved to Ohio in 1822. He was an
attorney. He founded the Firelands Historical Society and served as acting president of Oberlin College. He was active in
the Underground railroad. He was Vice-President of the AMA from 1846 - 1883.  He died in 1886.

Rev. W. W. Patton, D. D. - Vice President AMA from 1864-1883. Corresponding Secretary 1868-1870.

Rev. James W. C. Pennington, D. D. - Vice President AMA from 1846-1847. Rev. Pennington was the second pastor at
Jocelyn's Temple Street Church. He had been born a slave but earned his doctorate of divinity at the University of
Heidelberg in Germany. He escaped from slavery in Maryland in October of 1827. He was the presiding officer of the
Negro Convention in 1853. He attended Yale University. In the Amisted case he insisted that a missionary return with the
freed captives and helped raise money for that purpose. After 1850 he left the United States as a fugitive slave and did a
speaking tour throughout Europe. During the Civil War he returned and helped recruit troops. In 1870 he was appointed
by the Presbyterian church to start a church in
Jacksonville Florida where he died in October 22, 1870. He wrote two
books: The Origin and History of the Colored People (1841) and The Fugitive Blacksmith (1849) - his autobiography.

Rev. George Williams Perkins, Conn (February 12, 1804-Nov. 13, 1856) - Vice President of AMA from 1848 -1854.
From Meriden Conn. Wrote
Historical sketches of Meriden, Connecticut, 1849, Co; Remarks on Mr. Stuart's Book
"Conscience and the Constitution," at a meeting in guilford, August 1, 1850 Commemorative of Emancipation in the West
1850; and the Ama printed a copy of his sermon from September 26, 1848 entitled: Scriptural Missions: A Sermon,
Preached by the Rev. G. W. Perkins, at the Annual Meeting of the American Association, at Hartford, September 26,
1848. Graduated from Yale University in 1824. 10 years pastor of the American Presbyterian Church in Montreal and 14
years pastor of the First Congregational Church in Meriden. Buried in the West Cemetery in Meriden.

Rev. Amos August Phelps Born 1805 died July 30, 1847. Editor of the AntiSlavery Reporter, Corresponding Secretary
of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society and the Executive Committee of the American Missionary Association.
He was a graduate of Yale class of 1826 and Yale Divinity 1830. He was an agent of the Massachusetts Anti-slavery
Society and pastor of the Free Church in Boston. He was a manager of the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833. He
Lectures on Slavery and its Remedy (Boston, 1834), Book of the Sabbath (1841), and Letters to Dr. Bacon and
to Dr. Stowe

William H. Pillow - Attorney; Executive committee AMA 1846-1848.

Samuel D. Porter - Vice President AMA, 1869 - 1880.

Rev. James Powell, D. D. -  Assistant Corresponding Secretary, 1883 - 1885. Associate Corresponding Secretaries
1885 - ?.

Rev. Cyrus Prindle, D. D. - Vice President AMA 1865-1867.

Rev. Charles Bennett Ray (December 25, 1807 - August 15, 1886) Born free in Falmouth, Massachusetts. He attended
Wesleyan Seminary in Wilbraham Mass. Moved to New York City in 1832 and opened a boot and shoe store. Served as a
conductor on the Underground Railroad guiding escapted slaves to Plymouth Church in Brooklyn. He was a member of
the New York Vigilance Committee.  In 1843 he helped organize the Negro National Convention held in Buffalo, New York.
First a Methodist minister and then a Congregational minister served as pastor of Crosby Congregational Church and
Bethesda Congregational Church. A member of the African Society for Mutual Relief and the co-founder of Society for the
Promotion of Education Among Colored Children (President in 1859). He was the co-founder and director of the New York
Vigilance Committee and a member of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He was the co-owner of
The Colored American
a weekly periodical. Died in New York City. His daughters Charlotte and Florence wrote a biography of him in 1887
Sketches of the Life of Reverend Charles B. Ray. Auditor AMA 1849 - 1850.

Thomas Ritter - MD from New York, Member of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Member of the
Ammerican Abolition Society.

Marshall S. Scudder - former member of the West India Missions. Executive Committee AMA. Original member of the
Committee to call a general Missionary Convention.

Rev. George Shepard, D. D. - Vice President AMA from 1864-1868.

Rev. J. R. Shipherd - Corresponding Secretary AMA 1866-1868.

Rev. J. J. Smith - Vice President AMA from 1868 - 1871.

Seymour Straight - Vice President AMA 1864-1883. Obitiuary in American Missionary Vol 50, No. 4, April 1896: In the
death of Mr. Straight the American Missionary Association and the colored people of the South lose a firm and helpful
friend. Mr. Straight passed away on February 21, 1896, in the 81st year of his age. When the Association in 1869 planted
a school for the higher education of the Negroes in New Orleans, La., it found there a few persons of Northern birth, but
who had long resided in that city, and were men of established character and of large influence, who took interest in the
proposed institution and gave it their encouragement and support. Among these persons the Hon. Seymour Straight was
most conspicuous for his deep interest in the project, for his useful service on the Board of Trustees and for his large gift
at the outset--in view of all which the institution took his name.

Under General Sheridan's laudable desire for good government in the city of New Orleans, Mr. Straight was made a
member of the City Council. In 1868 he was appointed by the Chamber of Commerce as a member of a committee in
regard to improvements in the cities of the State. In 1872 he was appointed a member of the International Penitentiary
Congress, to assemble in London, Eng., which appointment, however, he was unable to accept. He received other marks
of the esteem in which he was held by his fellow-citizens. In 1869, at the incorporation of the Straight University, he was
appointed President of its Board of Trustees, which position he held till the time of his death. A good man has gone and
his works do follow him.

Rev. Michael E. Strieby, D. D. - Corresponding Secretary 1864-1896 Recording Secretary 1876 - ? From American
Missionary April 1899: Michael E. Strieby was born in Ohio, September, 1815. He died at Clifton Springs, N. Y., March 16,
1899. His early education was at Hudson College and Oberlin College in Ohio. Graduate of the first college curriculum
class at Oberlin College in 1842. After graduation he became the pastor of a church in Mt. Vernon, Ohio for eleven years.
He organized Plymouth Congregational Church in Syracuse, N. Y. where he stayed eleven and one half years. At
forty-nine he became the Corresponding Secretary of the AMA. Dr. Strieby was a charter member of the Belleville Avenue
Congregational Church in Newark, N. J.

Rev. J. M. Sturtevant, D.D. - Vice President AMA from 1864-1883.

Rev. Leonard D. Swain, D. D. - Vice President from 1864-1869

Arthur Tappan - (May 22, 1786- July 23, 1865) In 1833 he was President of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Later he
was the President of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. He would remain on the executive Committee
through 1857. He was Vice President of the AMA from 1859-1865.

Lewis Tappan (May 23, 1788 - June 21, 1873): He wrote a book in 1869 entitled Is it Right to be Rich? Vice
President AMA 1865-1873. He was the brother of Arthur and Senator Benjamin Tappan. His brother Author encouraged
him to read a biography of William Wilberforce and he was convinced to become an abolitionist. He was a member of the
Massachusetts Peace Society and later supported the American Colonization Society. He left this organization and helped
form the American Anti-Slavery Society. Lewis would help in the establishment of Oberlin College in Ohio. He helped find
the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society after splintering with Garrison over the participation of women on the
board of the American Anti-Slavery society. he founded the
Human Rights journal and a children's anti-slavery magazine
The Slave's Friend. One southerner offered a $50,000 reward for Tappan's head delivered to New Orleans and a grand
jury in virginia indicted Lewis Tappan and other members of the American Anti-slavery Society's Executive Committee.

Lewis Tappan took a prominent part in the organization of some of the missionary societies that preceded the American
Missionary Association and was especially prominent in the Amistad Committee, and that were finally merged into it. He
was very efficient in his activities in securing the organization of the Association, was present at the first meeting in
Albany. The office of treasurer he held for years without compensation.

Rev. Wm M. Taylor, D. D. - President AMA 1888 - 1892.

Rev. Thatcher Thayer, D. D. Vice President AMA 1869 - 1883.

Rev. J. P. Thompson, D. D. - Vice President from 1864-1867.

Rev. David Thurston - (February 6, 1779 - May 7, 1865) Graduated from Dartmouth College in 1804 and became
pastor at Winthrope, Maine Congregational Church from February 18, 1807 and remained there till October 1851. He was
a delegate to the founding convention of the American Anti-Slavery Society in December 1833. Rev. Thurston became
the President of the Maine Anti-Slavery Society on October 12, 1834. He was elected a manager of the 1st American
Anti-Slavery Society in 1833. Thurston was an organizer of local anti-slavery societies throughout Maine. Thurston was
Vice President of the AMA from 1846-1859. He was President of the AMA from 1859-1865. He died on May 7, 1865 in
Litchfield Corner, Maine. Writings include A Sermon preached at the ordination of Rev. David Smith, over the church of
Christ in Temple, Maine, 1811; The Gospel for the Poor. Matt. 11:5, 1816; Causes of an Unsuccessful Ministry, 1819; A
Sermon delivered before the Somerset Association for the Reformation of Morals, 1819; Sermon at Ordination Rev. David
Starrett, 1821; A Discourse preached in winthrop, April 12, 1821, at the Annual Fast in Maine, 1822; Address before the
Kennebec Bible Society, at Augusta, 1823; A Discourse preasched at Winthrop, April 3, 1823; Sermon deliveded in
Winthrop, April 7, 1825; A Sermon preached August 9, 1826 at the ordination of the Rev. Stephen Thurston; A Sermon,
delivered by David thurston, at the third annual meeting of the American Missionary Association, September 25, 1849; A
Sermon at the funeral of the Rev. Isaac Case, 1852; A Sermon at the funeral of Miss Esther K. Sturges, 1853; A Brief
History of Winthrop, from 1764 to October, 1855, 1855; Sermon on his eightieth birthday. 1859; Sketch of the half century
history of the Congregational church in Litchfield, Maine, 1862; The Late Hon. Nathaniel Niles, 1863; and Letter to
Anti-slavery Society, 1863.

Rev. Stephen Thurston, D. D. - Vice President AMA from 1864-1883.

E. S. Tobey - President AMA from 1875-1881. Vice President AMA from 1869 - 1875 and 1882 - 1883.

Rev. Cyrus W. Wallace, D. D. - Vice President AMA from 1869 - 1883.

Langdon S. Ward - Recording Secretary AMA, 1853 - 1854.

Rev. Samuel Ringgold Ward (October 17, 1817 - 1866) Escaped slavery from Maryland. Attended New York's African
Free School.In 1833 he was clerk to Thomas L. Jennings, Esq.  Traveling agent for American Anti-slavery Society and
New York Anti-slavery Society. In 1834 he was attacked by a proslavery mob in New York and was jailed. 1841 - 1843 he
was pastor of Congregational Church of South Butler, New York (all white). From 1846 to 1851 Rev. Ward served as
pastor of the Congregational Church in Cortland Village, New York (white congregation). Nominated as Liberty party
candidate for vice President of the United States. Moved to Syracuse, New York becoming Syracuse's first black
newspaper publisher with
The Impartial Citizen. After participating in the Jerry Rescue (William "Jerry" Henry) in October
of 1851 left for Canada. Founder of
The Provincial Freeman in 1853. He became an agent of the Anti-Slavery Society of
Canada. He published his "
Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro" in 1855.  In 1855 he moved to Jamiacia where he died in
1866 after being a pastor and farmer in Jamaica. He was a Vice-President of the AMA from 1846-1851.

W. B. Washburn - President AMA from 1881-1887.

I. Washburn - Vice President AMA from 1864-1869.

Rev. Edward Weed - AMA Executive Committee 1846-? The son of Philo and Abigail Weed he was born in North
Stamford, conn., on July 17th, A. D. 1807. Abolitionist lecturer - would be mobbed in Chillicothe, Ohio. Graduated from the
Oneida Institute in Whitestown, New York. Went to Lane Theological Seminary in 1832 where he was a member of the first
class. Lane Seminary was run by Dr. Lyman Beecher of boston and was a manual labor institution. He was a Lane rebel
that transfered to Oberlin College. He was licensed by the Chilicothe Presbytery to preach in November 1835.  He
preached throughout Ohio and organized abolition societies. He became a pastor in 1838 at the Free Presbyterian
Church in Mount Vernon, Ohio in November he was ordained by the Central Congregational Association of Ohio and
installed as pastor of the Free Church. In 1842 he became a pastor of the Free Presbyterian Church in Paterson, N.J. In
1844 he would become pastor of the First Free Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn. He returned to Paterson. He would
become a traveling agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Faith and Works; or, The Life of Edward Weed, Minister
of the Gospel
written in 1853 is about him. He died in 1851.

Rev. George Carroll Whipple - (June 4, 1805 - October 6, 1876) He was born in Albany, New York.  He was a student
that left Lane Seminary to go to Oberlin College over the anti-slavery dispute Graduated in 1836. Became Principal of the
preparatory department at Oberlin on September 13, 1836. From 1837-46 he was professor of Mathematics and Natural
Philosophy at Oberlin. Hired in December 1846 as corresponding secretary. He was from Ohio. he would remain
Corresponding Secretary through 1876. Recording Secretary 1875 - 1876.

William E. Whiting - Assistant Treasurer AMA, 1865 -1876. Auditor 1848 - 1850, 1857 - 1859.

J. P. Williston - Vice President of the AMA from 1855 - 1871.

Rev. Theodore Sedrick Wright - Born 1797 - died at his home in N. Y., March 25th, 1847. He was the pastor of the first
Colored Presbyterian Church in New York City (St. James Presbyterian church in Harlem) . As a youth he attended the
African Free School. He was the first African American to attend Princeton Theological Seminary graduating in 1829. He
was a founding member of the American Anti=Slavery Society.  He was 50 years old. He was a member of executive
committee of both the American and Foreign anti-Slavery Society and the American Missionary Association. He was also
the Moderator of the thrid Presbytery of New York City. He was Vice-President of the AMA from 1846-1847.
Rev. Amos A. Phelps
Charles Dexter Cleveland
F. D. Parish
Rev. Samuel Ringgold Ward
Rev. Charles B. Ray
Rev. Samuel Cornish
Rev. James W. Pennington
Rev. George Whipple
Rev. Henry Highland Garnet