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From W. F. Allen to Thomas Cardoza
Organization of Charleston Schools
May 30, 1865

AMA H5633
Charleston, May 30, 1865
Mr Cardoza,
Dear Sir,

At your request I will explain our plan of operations with regard to the schools.

It is undoubtedly best that the schools shall be coordinated upon one another by one authority and that authority that be
the government as at the North. The establishment of schools by societies has been necessary heretofore, and they
Societies have accomplished untold good; but we have always looked forward to the tie when the schools should be
more systematically organized for the sake of order, efficiency and economy in their administration. That time has come.

It is time that the community is not yet in a condition to support its own schools, as is done at the North, but
Gen Saxton,
who has the control of the freed people in this department has decided to place at their schools under one
management, responsible to him, but not responsible to any other person or doby. This condition of things has existed
for some time in Louisiana where the schools are under the control of a Board of Education and likewise in the Upper
Mississippi, where Superintendents of Colored Schools are appointed by Col. Eaton at each important point. And we
consider it an important step taken in this department that the educational interests of the people are with? From the
influence, in any degree, of chance, and placed under one responsible administration.

In this present order of things, the aid and activity of the Societies are need as much as ever indeed, the field of action
is so much enlarged that we shall call for more unstinted contributions from the Work. But it is necessary for the
harmonious and satisfactory workings of our ? that the operations of the societies should be entirely subsidiary and
cooperative. We shall call upon them for teachers and employ all that they send to the best advantage – reserving the
right to discharge them if , upon trial, they are found unsatisfactory. In like manner we shall call upon them from time to
time for funds as in the present occasion.

Now to explain the present call. When we employed the Southern teachers in March, an agreement was entered into by
Mr. Pillsbury on behalf of the
New England Freedmen’s Aid Soc., and Mr Accord  on behalf of the National, since
acquiesced in by the two societies to share the expenses between them. This was in addition to the salaries of the
Northern teachers commissioned by the two societies. When the schools increased and required a larger number of
teachers your society too showing itself interested and helpful in the way of ? teacher, it was thought best to write the
American Missionary Society to join in the arrangement by binding itself to pay a third of the expenses. If it does not
agree to this of course the other two Societies are still board and it will make no difference in our work but we sincerely
hope that they will see the matter as we do see or at least lend us a helping hand even if not a way they would have

I am truly,
W. F. Allen
Asst Supt of Pub Sc.
Thomas Cardoza
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