Vocabulary for St. Augustine Cathedral
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baptistry or baptistery -  is the separate centrally-planned structure surrounding the baptismal font.

belfry - A bell tower, especially one attached to a building. 2. The part of a tower or steeple in which bells are hung.

Bishop's throne - The chair or throne (thronos) of a bishop in his cathedral church, on which he presides at solemn

campanile - is synonymous with 'bell tower'; in American English it tends to be used to refer to free standing bell
towers; the term is Italian, deriving from the word 'campana' meaning bell.

Carrara marble - is a type of white or blue-grey marble popular for use in sculpture and building decor. It is quarried
at the city of Carrara in the province of Massa and Carrara in modern day Tuscany, Italy.

Cathedral - A cathedral is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church
of a diocese, conference, or episcopate.

Central tabernacle -  is the fixed, locked box in which, in some Christian churches, the Eucharist is "reserved"

Chancel rail - The railing or barrier in place of a chancel screen by which the chancel is separated from the nave.

Children of Mary Solidarity - founded on  May 1, 1835  These Children of Mary Sodalities first embraced the pupils
and orphans of the schools and institutions of the Sisters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul. In 1847, Blessed Pius IX
affiliated them to the Jesuit Roman Sodality. The Children of Mary organization flourished in the mid 20th century.
Young women went through a period of aspirancy of six months prior to acceptance as a fully fledged child of Mary,
who had the right to wear the distinctive blue cape and carry the blue cape of a Child of Mary. When a Child of Mary
married, she was embraced on arrival on the Church steps by other Children of Mary who removed the blue cape
from over her Wedding gown.

Coquina – fossilized crushed shell stone.

Diocese - is the district or see under the supervision of a bishop. It is divided into parishes.

Doric Entablature - The triglyphs and metopes are among of the most distinctive and definitive features of the Doric
order. Triglyphs appear centered above every column, a stylized representation of the ends of wooden beams as
used in post and beam construction. In addition, one or two triglyphs appear between the columns. Metopes, the
space between the triglyphs, are ideally square in shape and they may be plain or decorated with relief forms. Below
each triglyph are corresponding guttae that appear like pegs used to lock or stabilize the beams.

Entablature - The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave,
frieze, and cornice.

Espadana style -The bell gable (Spanish: espadaña, Catalan: espadanya, French: clocher-mur) is an architectural
element crowning at the upper end of the wall of church buildings, usually in lieu of a church tower. It consists of a
gable end in stone, with small hollow semi-circular arches where the church bells are placed. It is a characteristic
example of the simplicity of romanesque architecture.

Eucharistic Chapel - separate room that houses the tabernacle in which the Blessed Sacrament is held.

Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception - celebrates belief in the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin
Mary (that Mary was conceived without original sin. It is universally celebrated every December 8, nine months before
the birthday of Mary, which is celebrated on September 8th. It is the patronal feast day of the Spain, Portugal,
Nicaragua, Brazil, the Philippines and the United States of America. It is celebrated by the Roman Catholic Church as
well as a few other closely related Christian churches.

Franciscan - Most Franciscans are members of Roman Catholic religious orders founded by Saint Francis of Assisi.

Metope - is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is a
decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the architrave of a building of the Doric order. Metopes
often had painted or sculptural decoration;

Minor Basilica - confers two material privileges: the right to include the papal symbol of the crossed keys on a
basilica's banners, furnishings and seal, and the right of the rector of the basilica to wear a distinctive mozzetta over
his surplice. The other privileges now granted concern the liturgy of the celebration of the concession of the title of
basilica, and the granting of a plenary indulgence on certain days to those who pray in the basilica.

Mysterium Fidei - is an encyclical letter of Pope Paul VI on the Eucharist, published in September 1965. Mysterium
Fidei was issued just as the closing session of the Second Vatican Council was beginning.  Using terminology such
as "pastoral concern" and "anxiety," the letter sends a direct and unequivocal message to the Church regarding the
Eucharist. To emphasize the centrality of the Eucharist in the Church, the Pope echoed the words of St. Ignatius of
Antioch, referring to the Blessed Sacrament the "medicine of immortality."

nave - is the central approach to the high altar, the main body of the church.

Presbytery - The section of a church reserved for the clergy.

Purgatorial societies - are Roman Catholic Church associations or confraternities which aim to assist souls in
purgatory reach heaven.

Quadrant -  an instrument that is used to measure angles up to 90°

sacristy - A room in a church housing the sacred vessels and vestments

Second Vatican Council - (also known as Vatican II) addressed relations between the Roman Catholic Church and
the modern world. It was the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church and the second to be held at St.
Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. It opened under Pope John XXIII on 11 October 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI
on 8 December 1965.

Sanctuary - is a sacred place, such as a shrine.

Sodality of the Holy Angels is intended for the Students of the Grammar Classes.

Spanish Mission style - Some of the elements of Spanish Solid and massive walls, piers, and buttresses;
Arched corridors; Curved, pedimented gables; Terraced bell towers (with domes and lanterns) or bell walls (pierced
belfries); Wide, projecting eaves; Broad, undecorated wall surfaces; and Low, sloping tile roofs.

Spire - A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building,particularly a church tower.

Transept - A rectangular area which cuts across the main axis of a basilica-type building and projects beyond it. The
transept gives a basilica the shape of a Latin cross and usually serves to separate the main area of the building from
an apse at the end.

Triglyphs - An ornament in a Doric frieze, consisting of a projecting block having on its face two parallel vertical
glyphs or grooves and two half grooves or chamfers on either vertical end, that separates the metopes.

Triangulation - is the process of determining the location of a point by measuring angles to it from known points at
either end of a fixed baseline, rather than measuring distances to the point directly (trilateration).

Vicariate Apostolic - An apostolic vicariate is a form of territorial jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church
established in missionary regions and countries that do not have a diocese. It is essentially provisional, though it may
last for a century or more. The hope is that the region will generate sufficient numbers of Catholics for the Church to
create a diocese.

Writ of Mandamus -  is a judicial remedy which is in the form of an order from a superior court to any government
subordinate court, corporation or public authority to do or forbear from doing some specific act which that body is
obliged under law to do or refrain from doing, as the case may be, and which is in the nature of public duty and in
certain cases of a statutory duty.[
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