Early Florida East Coast Railway
Information
General Information
Main Track 522.22 miles (580 by 1909)
Branches 2.17.02 miles
739.24 miles owned.
Gage 4 ft. 9 in.
Southern Express Company operates over this line.
Pullman Sleeping Car Co. operates over this line

Incorporation Florida Coast & Gulf Railway Company 5/28/92
Jacksonville, St. Aug and Indian River Railway Company 10/31/1892
Florida East Coast Railway 9/3/1895

Early Railway History
Mr. J. D. Rahner, General Passenger Agent of the FECRR, wrote about the first railroad service
around St. Augustine in a letter dated January 28, 1935 and an undated newspaper article:

Newspaper article:
The first railroad serving St. Augustine was the St. Johns Railway, chartered in 1858, from
Tocoi on
the
St. Johns River to a point on the west shore of the San Sebastian River opposite this city, now
West St. Augustine. It was at first a very crude line, consisting of stringers on which flanged wheel
wagons or cars were drawn by mules. Later the rails were improved by nailing strap iron to the top
of the wooden stringers. During the Civil War part of this line was destroyed, but later rebuilt.
[Editor: The road was fifteen miles with a three foot narrow gauge. It started as a horse car railway.
Richard McLaughlin was President with William Astor and J. F. D. Lanier as directors. There is an
ad in the
St. Augustine Examiner dated June 26, 1869 that states: Wanted Immediately - Hands
to work on the St. Augustine Rail-Road; liberal wages will be paid by the month. Apply to the
undersigned at the Office of the Rail Road Company, John Lott Phillips. June 26, 1869]

The St. Johns Railway, from
Tocoi soon became the recognized route of travel to St. Augustine,
connecting with the St. Johns River steamers, especially when it was later improved and boasted a
wood burning engine. The fare at one time was $2.00 one way for the fifteen mile trip, as compared
with the present rail fare of 56 cents from
Jacksonville to St. Augustine. Henry M. Flagler
purchased this St. Johns Railway, used four miles of it for his route to
Palatka and in 1892
dismantled the rest of the line. The present
Tocoi highway follows the old roadbed.

In 1883 the Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River Railroad was built from South
Jacksonville to the outskirts of St. Augustine. [Editors note: The first meeting was held on February
1, 1881 with Samuel B. Hubbart as President. By July 23, 1881 the first six miles were started.
There were takeover attempts for the under financed railroad, including one from former General
Joshua Chamberlain of Maine (one of the U. S. Army heroes at the battle of Gettysburg). The last
spike was put into place on May 19, 1883 and it opened for business on June 28, 1883 with W.
Jerome Green as President and W. L. Crawford as treasurer and general manager. G. D. Ackerly
was the general passenger agent. In 1885 the officers were Charles Green, President; I. D.
Brainard, vice-President; W. L. Crawford, Treasurer and General Manager; and J. N. Hays,
Secretary. By October 28, 1883 there were seven stations  between St. Augustine and Jacksonville
Not known exactly what the stations were but in 1897 the following stations were listed in the
Tatler: South Jacksonville, Phillips, Bowden, Summers, Nesbit, Eaton, Greenland, Bayard,
Pittsburg, Clarksville, Durbin, Woodland, Sampson, Magnolia Grove, Vestibule "Y," and St.
Augustine.] This likewise was a crude narrow gauge line using wood burning engines, but even at
that time was a vast improvement over anything that had yet existed and probably cut heavily into
travel via the
Tocoi line.

Letter:
"...I am able to give you some data with regard to the first railroad into St. Augustine...

"The Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River Railway was incorporated January 24th, 1881
for the construction, operation and maintenance of a narrow gauge line from the south bank of the
St. Johns River opposite Jacksonville to St. Augustine, a distance of 36.24 miles, thence
southwardly to a point near the headwaters of the Halifax River, a distance of about 80 miles.

The road was opened for commercial service June 28, 1883 when a combination passenger and
freight train ran through to St. Augustine. The gauge was changed from narrow to standard January
20th, 1890, south of St. Augustine.

When the construction of the
Ponce de Leon Hotel was commenced in 1885, Mr. Flagler
concluded the facilities of the little Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River Railway were
inadequate for the transportation of the immense quantities of building materials and for the tourist
travel that was expected after the hotel was completed. He accordingly purchased the line in 1885,
began to improve it and widened it to standard gauge.

The Ponce de Leon hotel was opened to the public on January 15, 1888. For this occasion and
thereafter each winter the first all-Pullman vestibule train called the "Florida Special" was operated
from New York to St. Augustine.

The running time between
Jacksonville and St. Augustine was one hour and 15 minutes. Records
show that "four daily trains are now run and a 'steam ferry' operated in connection. The first railroad
bridge across the
St. Johns River was not completed and opened for traffic until January 5,th,
1890..."

From Inghram's History of the Railroad
Flagler bought the railway from Jacksonville to St. Augustine in 1886. It was narrow guage with the
connection at South Jacksonville by ferry. He bought the road from St. Augustine to
Palatka in
1888. It was a standard gauge road. He bought the road from San Mateo to
Daytona in the same
year. In 1889 he changed all the track to standard gauge. In 1892 he began construction from
Daytona to Rockledge and opened road for traffic on February 6th, 1893. The road to West Palm
beach was opened April 1894. Miami was reached in July 1896.

The Sale Consummated - The Jacksonville, St. Augustine, and Halifax Road Changed
Hands
(Florida Weekly Times, Dec 10, 1885)

For days past rumors have been circulating around the city to the effect that the Jacksonville, St.
Augustine and Halifax River Railroad has been purchased by Mr. William Astor, and every effort
has since been made to learn additional facts, if there were any, in regard to the transfer; but up to
yesterday all efforts failed.

It was, however, definitely learned yesterday that the road had been sold, not to Mr. Astor, as was
supposed, but to Mr. Flagler, of the Standard Oil Company, who is also the projector and
proprietor of the mammoth new hotel which is to be erected at St. Augustine.

On getting this information, a reporter called at the headquarters of the road in this city, where he
found Mr. Ackerly, the courteous general freight and passenger agent, for the purpose of
ascertaining the policy of the new owner, and any other facts that might be picket up. The reporter
was cordially received and shown every possible attention, but if Mr. Ackerly knew anything he
succeeded admirably in keeping it to himself, notwithstanding the shower of questions and
cross-questions, put in quick succession, that he was forced to doge for the space of about half an
hour.

Finally, when the reporter became thoroughly convinced of Mr. Ackerly's entire ignorance of
everything, he left him and sought Mr. Crawford, the general manager, who he found knew, if
possible, even less than Mr. Ackerly about the matter.

One thing is certain, however, Mr. Flagler has purchased the road. It is not expected that it will be
turned over to him before the first of January, and it is expected that his policy will be a liberal one,
and also that he will extend it to the Halifax river in due time.

[Editor: Flagler probably had experience on railroading not only from his Standard Oil days where
the company had a railroad department, but also from his grain shipment days. Henry Flagler
became a director on December 9, 1885 (he was also going to be a director on The Chicago,
Rock Island & Pacific Railway, and the Duluth & Iron Range Railroads.) He purchased the
Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River Railway on December 31, 1885. In 1887 he acquired
the St. Johns and Halifax River Railroad. By 1888 Flagler built a branch to San Mateo. In 1892 the
railway operated to New Smyrna and by February 1893, the road was completed to Rockledge on
the Indian River. The FECRR had docks, piers and other facilities for handling freight in South
Jacksonville. He built the bridge at Jacksonville over the St. Johns River. In Palatka the Palatka
Bridge Company built a bridge across the St. Johns River in August 15, 1888. Flagler bought the
bridge on May 2, 1892. In 1893 the road was started toward Palm Beach and by 1896 the road
extended to Miami.]

Palatka Bridge Company 8/15/1888
Flagler bought 5/2/1892 - Bridge across St. Johns at Palatka

Ormond Bridge Company incorporated 6/18/88

Jacksonville Bridge Company incorporated 11/9/1888
Construction started 1/89 - 1/20/90
Substructure Anderson and Barr
Superstructure Keystone Bridge Company
Gear and draw by Excelsior Iron Works

St. Augustine's Union Depot
In St. Augustine the Union Depot was used by Jax, St. Aug, Halifax Rwy, St. Aug and North
Beach, St. Johns Railway, St. Augustine and Palatka Rwy.

3/25/1892 Cost of depot property in St. Augustine 10 94/100 acres was  $20,054.99 pd by
HM
Flagler
Railway park

1892
In 1892 the railroad was in operation from Jacksonville to St. Augustine, Ormond, Daytona, New  
Smyrna and Titusville to Rockledge on the Indian River. It had connections at Jacksonville with the
S. F. & W. and F. C. & P Railways and the Clyde Steamship Line. At Palatka with the J. T. & K.
W. and the Florida Southern Railways, St. Johns River and Ocklawaha River Steamers. At
Rockledge with steamers for all points on Indian River and Lake Worth

W. L. Crawford was the General Superintendent and Joseph Richardson was the General
Passenger agent.

Accident (Florida Times-Union, July 1893)
An accident occurred on the tracts of the J., St. A. & I. R. Railway near the Anheuser-Busch
warehouse this morning which was a close call for F. E. Perpall, the local station agent. By mistake
some cars were switched against another car being loaded at the warehouse, and in this way he was
jammed against a stanchion, which fortunately gave way and thus released him. His only injury was
a badly bruised leg.

Workers (Times Union May 15 - unknown year)
St. Augustine, Fla., May 15 - Six colored section hands refused to work under the rules of the
Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Indian River railway this morning, and were given their time. On
being told by Division Superintendent Ivers that he would "O.K." same later, they got dissatisfied
and prevented his going away on the hand-car, one Humphreys, drawing his knife and with the
others threatened Ivers, who called the sheriff. Justice Forward, late this evening, committed them
for trial charged with unlawful assemblage.

Expansion of Railroad (The Tatler, Vol. VI, No. 4, 6 February 1897, p. 2:) "...Mr. Flagler
purchased the Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River Railroad about 1886; a little later, in
1887, acquiring the St. Johns and Halifax River road, between the St. Johns and Daytona; in 1888,
he commenced operating both roads as the Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River road, with
a branch to San Mateo, for the benefits of the orange shippers at that point, thus enabling them to
place their oranges in cars there that carried them direct to northern markets..."  November 1892,
the extension of the road was completed and operated to New Smyrna, opposite Mosquito Inlet,
and in February, 1893, completed to Rockledge, on the Indian river. In the following May, the
Atlantic and Western road, from New Smyrna to Blue Spring on the St. Johns, became part of the
Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Indian River road---the name given it at the time the extension to
Rockledge was projected.  The continuation of the road from Rockledge to Palm Beach was
constructed by contract, Mr. J. D. Macleannan of Cleveland, carrying on the work during the
summer of 1893 and winter of '93 - '94; the work commencing at Rockledge and at Palm Beach,
and uniting at Fort Pierce. Early in 1894 the road was operated in connection with a steamer
running from Fort Pierce to Jupiter, in order to accommodate the tide of travel that swept
southward. The road was entirely completed and operated early in April, 1894, and two years
later, sixty-seven miles more was completed and operated, the latter road extending from Palm
Beach to Miami. And the name was simplified and is now officially The Florida East Coast Railway.

1895 (Florida Gazetteer)
Officers --
H. M. Flagler, Pres; J. C. Salter, Sec; J. Dunbar Wright, Pur A -- Office, 26
Broadway, N.Y.

J. R. Parrott, V. Pres; S. W. Crichlow, Treas; J. E. Ingram, Land Com; J. G. Kennedy, Acting
Compt; Jos. Richardson, G P A; W. J. Jarvis, G F A; R. T. Goff, Supt; W. H. Chambers, Aud; E.
T. Silvius, Master Mechanic; I. N. Treadwell, Cash -- General Offices, St. Augustine, Fla.

Traffic Agents -- G. C. Floyd, A, 226 W. Bay St.,
Jacksonville, Fla; Jaudon Browne, T P A; A.
W. Fritot, S P A; R. S. Head, T F A; W. B. Watson, S F A

MILEAGE
Main Line                        299.5 miles
Tocoi Branch                12.0
Palatka Branch                2.6
San Mateo Branch        2.7
A & W Branch                28.2
Total                 345.0 miles

Additional from The Official Railway Guide: North American Freight Service 1894
W. H. Chambers Auditor
J. G. Kennedy, Acting Comptroller
Jos Richardson, General Passenger Agent
E. T. Silvius, Master Mechanic
I. N. Treadwell, Cashier

Stations: Jacksonville, South Jacksonville, Phillips, Bowden, Nesbitt, Katon, Greenland, bayard,
Pittsburgh, Durbin, Woodland, Sampson, Magnolia Grove.

1897 Officers
The 1897 officers were:
President
Henry M. Flagler
Vice-President J. R. Parrott,
Treasurer, W. H. Beardsley
Secretary, J. C. Slater,
Superintendent, R. T. Goff
Auditor,
W. H. Chambers
Cashier, I. N. Treadwell
Traffic Manager,
J. P. Beckwith
Assistant General Passenger Agent, J. H. Rahnor
Purchasing Agent, J. D. Wright
General Freight Agent, W. J. Jarvis Master
Mechanic, G. A. Miller
Road Master, E. B. Carter   

Purchased and Acquired Deeds by 4/4/1896: Jax, St. Aug, Halifax River St. Aug & Halifax
River Railway Atlantic & Western Railroad St. Johns & Halifax River Railway St. Johns Railway
Company  Train service to Miami 4/22/96  

Florida East Coast Railway (The Tatler, Vol. VI, No. 4 Feb 6, 1897)
Visitors to Florida this season may extend their journey to the mouth of the Miami River, on
Biscayne Bay, over a well constructed perfectly equipped railway, three hundred and sixty-seven
miles in length, extending from Jacksonville, the metropolis of the State, and the railroad center, in
an almost straight line to a point opposite Cape Florida, and connecting with steamship lines that in
less than twelve hours will carry them to Nassau on the east, or Key West on the southwest.

The journey is interesting throughout, the trains leave the terminal station of
Jacksonville, one of the
largest and best arranged stations in the South. Crossing the
St. Johns on a substantial, well built
draw bridge, flitting through piney woods and hammock to the south. In the neighborhood of the
Halifax River the scenery changes, the land of the palmetto has been reached here, the giant stately
trees grow in profusion, and nowhere in all the land is a more beautiful panorama than the glimpses
of the Halifax and Indian Rivers, the banks the home of gulls, cranes and many varieties of game,
birds of song and of brilliant plumage. Here too are orange trees rapidly regaining their beauty and
size; occasionally a tree appears with glossy leaves and fruit, hardly compensating for the great trees
and thousand of boxes of a few years ago, nevertheless giving promise of future glory.

Along the Indian river the panorama gradually becomes more tropical as the Sebastian, St. Lucie,
and finally, Jupiter rivers are crossed, and along the banks of the former the weird mangrove tree is
seen. Presently coconut trees appear, and as the train speeds on its journey, grow larger, and other
tropical trees keep them company keep them company after beautiful Lake Worth is crossed on a
substantial are guavas, avocado pears, sappidillos, maumee apples, growing as they do in the West
Indies. Then, crossing the lake again, the journey is resumed. New and Hillsborough rivers and
numberless picturesque smaller streams, that drain the Everglades, are crossed, while, at times, the
train almost skirts this almost unknown spot.

At Miami the broad bay of Biscayne is spread before the traveler, separated from the ocean by a
chain of keys, with several channels between them. Here coconut trees attain great size, and every
variety of tropical trees grow. Biscayne Bay is a broad sheet of perfectly clear salt water, offering to
the yachtsman and sailor a perfect climate and unrivaled advantages for enjoyment. Here, as at
Palm  Beach, sea bathing may be indulged in every day in the year, while the Miami river affords
access to the wonderful Everglades.

The railroad to this point was completed last April. Since then a handsome hotel, with
accommodations for six hundred guests, has been completed; a smaller one of brick, with
accommodations for one hundred, built, and a town surveyed, piped for sewerage, a water works
system introduced, broad streets paved and a municipal government organized.

In all the waters crossed by the East Coast Railway fish abound. From the St. Lucie south tarpon
and pompano are abundant, the surrounding country abounding with varieties of game. The railroad
itself occupies a unique place in the transportation world, being the property of one man,
Mr. Henry
M. Flagler, who conceived the great enterprise, and with energy and pluck carried it through.

Mr. Flagler purchased the Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River Railroad about 1886; a
little later, in 1887 acquiring the St. Johns and Halifax River road, between the St. Johns and
Daytona; in 1888, he commenced operating both roads as the Jacksonville, St. Augustine and
Halifax River road, with a branch to San Mateo, for the benefit of the orange shippers at that point,
thus enabling them to place their oranges in cars there that carried them direct to northern markets.
November 1892, the extension of the road was completed and operated to New Smyrna, opposite
Mosquito Inlet, and in February, 1893, completed to Rockledge, on the Indian river. In the
following May, the Atlantic and Western road, from New Smyrna to Blue Spring on the St. Johns,
became part of the Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Indian River road--the name given it at the time
the extension to Rockledge was projected.

The continuation of the road from Rockledge to Palm Beach was constructed by contract, Mr. J.
D. Maclennan of Cleveland, carrying on the work during the summer of 1893 and winter of '93 -
'94'; the work commencing at Rockledge and at Palm Beach, and uniting at Fort Pierce. Early in
1894 the road was operated in connection with a steamer running from Fort Pierce to Jupiter, in
order to accommodate the tide of travel that swept southward. The road was entirely completed
and operated early in April, 1894, and two years later, sixty-seven miles more was completed and
operated, the latter road extending from Palm Beach to Miami. And the name was simplified and is
now officially The Florida East Coast Railway.

The officers of the road are: President
Henry M. Flagler of New York; vice-president, J. R.
Parrott, St. Augustine; treasurer, W. H. Beardsley, New York; secretary, J. C. Salter, New York;
superintendent, R. T. Goff; auditor,
W. H. Chambers; cashier, I. N. Treadwell; traffic manager, J.
P. Beckwith; assistant general passenger agent, J. H. Rahnor, St. Augustine; purchasing agent, J. D.
Wright, New York; general freight agent, W. J. Jarvis; master mechanic, G. A. Miller; road master,
E. B. Carter, St. Augustine, Fla. The general offices are located at the station, St. Augustine, the
entire second floor being occupied by them.

General Office, Land Commissioner (The Tatler, Vol. VI, No. 5, 13 February 1897 p. 2)
"...The general office of the Florida East Coast Railway is located in St. Augustine, with Mr. J. E.
Ingraham, land commissioner, at its head.  This department, as indicated, is engaged in bringing
settlers to the East Coast, and the results attained so far are very satisfactory. The company owns
upward of four hundred thousand acres of land, located in the counties through which its railroad
passes. It also owns town lots in many of the principal towns and villages suitable for business and
residence purposes.  The Land Department has agencies established in Boston, New York,
Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Washington, Bowling Green, Ohio; Saginaw, Michigan; Chicago, Toronto,
Canada, and other places.  Local agencies are established at all points where the company has
lands or lots for sale, and these local agencies are always ready to show lands to prospectors.  The
lands of the company are offered for sale at prices ranging from $1.00 to $50.00 per acre,
according to quality and location, the lands on the lower East Coast being higher priced on account
of immunity from frost and their adaptation for growing vegetables in mid-winter, pineapples, citrus
and other tropical fruits with great profit..."  

1897 Stations from Jacksonville to St. Augustine
1. South Jax               1.2 miles
2. Phillips                   2.4 miles
3. Bowden                 4.7 miles
4. Summers                8.0 miles
5. Nesbit                    9.5 miles
6. Eaton                   10.7 miles
7. Greenland            12.8 miles
8.
Bayard                 15.3 miles
9. Pittsburg               15.9 miles
10. Clarksville           18.1 miles
11. Durbin                 20.4 miles
12. Woodland            23.1 miles
13. Sampson              27.1 miles
14. Magnolia Grove   31.3
15. Vestibule "Y'        33.3 16 St. Augustine   

General Officers (1909)
H. M. Flagler President
W. H. Beardsley, Treasurer
J. C. Salter, Secretary
J. R. Parrott, V. Pres. & Gen. Mgr.
Wright Shaw, Asst. to V. Pres. & Gen. Mgr.
R. W. Parsons, 2d Vice-Pres
J. E. Ingraham, 3d Vice-Pres
J. P. Beckwith 4th Vice-Pres.
W. H. Chambers, Comptroller
T. V. Pomar, Auditor
J. D. Rahner, Gen. Passenger Agent
F. W. Kirtland, Gen. Frt. Agt
E. Ben. Carter, Supt. Maint. of Way
J. J. O'Brien, Road Master
C. G. Wakeley, Superintendent
W. M. McDonald, Superintendent
G. W. Edwards, Car Accountant
G. A. Miller, Supt. Mp & Machy
C. D. Vanaman, Master Mechanic
I. N. Treadwell, Cashier
W. L. Singleton, Master Car Builder
K. K. Harrett, Supt. Bridges & Bldgs.
A. I. Hunt, Engineer
W. E. Stephens, Train Master
J. A. Carter, Train Master

Florida East Coast - List of Hotels and General Information (Excerpts 1910)
The express, fast freight traffic, of this line is handled by the Southern Express Co., which operates
into Havana, Cuba, the Western Union Telegraph Company's lines serve St. Augustine; south of St.
Augustine the telegraph service is by the International Ocean Telegraph Company, with cables to
Key West and Havana; the Western Union and the International Ocean Telegraph connecting at St.
Augustine.

The Florida East Coast Railway, in connection with the lines north of Jacksonville, operates during
the winter tourist season through Pullman trains between New York and Knights Key, Florida, with
special cars for St. Augustine, Palm Beach and Miami, dining car service in connection with the
through trains; Pullman buffet sleeping cars are operated between New York and Knights Key the
year round and Pullman buffet parlor cars operated on the day trains between Jacksonville and
Miami.

Baggage -- Baggage Agents are instructed to examine tickets before checking baggage. Baggage
not exceeding one hundred and fifty pounds in weight and $100 in value will be checked free on
each whole ticket and seventy-five pounds in weight and $50 in value on each half-ticket. Travelers
should have each piece of baggage plainly marked with name and address, and take a
memorandum of check numbers and dates. It is also a good plan to know exactly the contents of
each piece. Single pieces of baggage weighing more than 250 pounds will not be checked.

The resorts of the East Coast of Florida furnish a greater diversity of attractions than any other
resort section of the world---each place, in turn, possessing distinctive features and individuality.
Taken as a whole, they offer unequaled opportunity for outdoor life and pleasures.

* St. Augustine: "The Oldest City" in the United States, full of Spanish landmarks, and for social life
the Newport of the South

*Ormond: "The Beautiful," with its marvelous scenery and famous for its automobile beach course.
The annual races take place usually during the first week in March.

*Palm Beach: "The Garden Spot of the World." The rendezvous of wealth, culture and fashion;
surf-bathing, golfing, tennis, chair-wheeling, fishing, boating.

*Miami: "The Sub-Tropical Metropolis" on beautiful Bay Biscayne. The home of the royal Palm and
tropical vegetation. Yachting, fishing, golf.

*Nassau (Bahamas): "Abroad in Fifteen Hours" by ship from Miami. A step across the Gulf Stream
brings you to this delightfully quaint British city. Wonderful Lake of Fire, Marvelous Marine
Gardens, surf-bathing, yachting, fishing, golf, tennis.

*Long Key Camp: "The Fisherman's Paradise." A complete camp, comfortably arranged,
satisfactorily conducted. Is located in the heart of the Florida Keys fishing grounds.

*Key West: "The Gem City of the Ocean." Government naval and coaling station. Twenty thousand
inhabitants. Principal center for the manufacture of high-grade cigars. The southernmost city of the
United States.

*Havana, Cuba: Only fifty hours from New York, by the "Florida Keys" route in through the
sleepers to Knights Key. The short sea trip; only ten hours on the water.

The Sea-Going Railroad!  The Extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to Key West has
progressed to such a point that an idea can now be had of the really remarkable engineering feats
which had to be carried out in the construction of what is really a railroad over the sea. This is not a
figurative term by any means, for of the 128 miles of track between Homestead and Key West, fully
75 miles will be over water and a considerable portion over the sea itself.

Nearly thirty islands are used for short stretches of the construction, the longest being 16 miles, on
Key Largo. More than 50 miles of rock and earth embankment will have been built where the
intervening water is shallow; but where the water is deeper and the openings are exposed to storms
by breaks in the outer reef, concrete arch viaduct construction is used, consisting of 50 foot
reinforced concrete circular-arch spans and piers, with occasional spans of 60 feet. The water is
from 10 to 30 feet deep in most places, and the bottom is Coraline rock. There are four of this arch
viaducts, aggregating 5.78 miles in length.

1922 Railway Strike
Strikers Hold Solidly While Troops Gather Increasing Numbers of Guardsmen Assemble
in Railway Centers
(Miami Herald July 11, 1922 excerpt)
Officials of the Florida East Coast at St. Augustine said the shopmen's forces there had been
increased to 146, about 50 per cent of the regular force. Reports from Miami, Key West, New
Smyrna and Fort Pierce where walkouts occurred, said the strikers remained firm. Similar reports
were received from Lakeland and High Springs, shop centers of the Atlantic Coast Line in this state.

Frustrate Attempt to Wreck Train (Gulfport Daily Herald, July 25, 1922)
Officials of the Florida East Coast railway today announced that a section foreman frustrated a deliberate
attempt to wreck a passenger train at
Tocoi Junction. The foreman discovered the switch lock had been
filed and broken and the switch thrown and propped open with a piece of wood.

F. E. C. Offers $1,000 Reward (Miami Herald, August 8, 30, 1922)
A reward of $1,000 was offered today by the Florida East Coast railway company for the arrest and
conviction of the perpetrators of the dynamiting outrage at
Spuds, near here, last night. A bridge spanning
Holy Creek was damaged by three charges. Traffic was delayed until repairs could be made.

Excerpts from Florida East Coast 1909-1910 Florida East Coast Railway
[In 1909 $1.00 equals $25.00 in 2012 dollars]
Jacksonville, Florida
The city of Jacksonville, with a population of nearly 65,000, is beautifully situated on the magnificent
St. Johns river, about twenty-two miles from the Atlantic as the stream flows. Its water front is in
the shape of a crescent, the river changing its course twice within the city limits and in a distance of
three miles. The harbor is naturally superb, and time will see Jacksonville one of the large cities of
the United States. It is the northern terminus of the Florida East Coast Railway where connection is
made with the Atlantic Coast Line, Seaboard Air Line, Southern Railway, Georgia Southern &
Florida Railway and two coast wise steamship lines.

The exchange of passenger traffic between the Florida East Coast Railway and the several rail lines
entering Jacksonville is made in the terminal station. No transfer.

South Jacksonville, Duval County (Fare from Jacksonville, 10 cents
South Jacksonville is opposite Jacksonville on the south side of the St. Johns river, at which point
the Florida East Coast Railway branches off to the northeast, forming the Mayport division, which
serves the north coast seashore resorts. South Jacksonville is naturally increasing in importance each
year. Several manufacturing plants are located here, as is also ship repair yards, machine works and
boat building plants. In addition to the Florida East Coast Railway trains which cross the bridge,
South Jacksonville is connected to Jacksonville by a ferry service with its terminal right in the center
of the business section.

Mayport, Duval County
On the Mayport Division, F. E. C. Ry.
26 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, 65 cents
Round trip, 30 days, 90 cents

Mayport is at the mouth of the St. Johns river, where the Company has splendid wharf facilities for
loading and unloading vessels. All the coal used on the Florida East Coast Railway is freighted here
in schooners which usually get return cargoes of lumber, naval stores, etc., from Jacksonville.

To a limited extent Mayport is a summer resort. Quite a number of Jacksonville people have
cottages here which they occupy during the warm weather to have the benefit of the cool sea
breezes, the surf bathing, and the fishing which off the jettier is very good. It is the headquarters for
the houseboat colony who put in a good portion of the heated term here, enjoying the freedom from
strenuous city life.

Atlantic Beach, Duval County
on the Mayport Division, F. E. C. Ry
20 Miles from Jacksonville
Round Trip Fare, with 30 Days' Limit, 70 cents

Atlantic Beach is directly on the famous Florida Beach, made so by the automobile races that take
place each winter opposite Ormond and Daytona, about one hundred miles further south. Here is
located The Continental, the latest addition to the system of hotels of the Florida East Coast Hotel
Company, and it is opened in March each year and remains open until August.

Pablo Beach, Duval County
15 miles from Jacksonville
21 miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way 55 cents (Jax), Round trip, $1.10
Fare, one way 65 cents (St. Aug.) Round trip $1.30

Small village, pleasantly and conveniently located midway between Jacksonville and St. Augustine.
More free from mosquitoes and other insects than any other location in the State.

"Wings" (Good country board) -- Rates, $1.50 per day or $6.00 per week. Plenty of fresh milk,
chickens, eggs, etc. Location, 200 yards from depot. In this building is also located the post office
(four mails daily), express office and long distance telephone.

Bayard, Duval County
15 miles from Jacksonville
A small village in the pine woods which, with perhaps not too much care for the reputation of other
towns in the State, boasts that is has fewer mosquitoes and insects than any other location in Florida.

St. Augustine, St. Johns County
The oldest town in the United States
37 Miles from Jacksonville
Fair, one way, $1.25; Round trip, $1.54
Excellent transfer and livery service maintained by the St. Augustine Transfer Company, Passenger,
25 cents; baggage, 25 cents

The city has a permanent population of about 5,000, but in winter it has thrice that number attracted
by its accessibility.

There is a small park in the center around the government building which was formerly the office
and residence of the Spanish governor-general. The park is called the "Plaza de la Constitucion,"
and reaches east to the sea wall. The plaza is filled with palms, Spanish bayonets and other tropical
trees, together with several fountains, monuments, etc.

See
Hotel Ponce de Leon
The Alcazar
The Casino
Ponce de Leon Celebration
Flagler Hotel Competition
Boarding Houses

Elkton, St. Johns County
47 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $1.40 Round trip, $3.20  

17 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way 50 cents Round trip, $1.00

This section is developing as a potato-growing country. The special adaptability of the soil was
discovered only after the unusually successful experiment at Hastings, a few miles to the west, and a
number of the tracts are now under cultivation. The yield is about the same as at Hastings, and
shipping facilities are near at hand. Price of land is reasonable at present, but is rapidly increasing. It
is predicted that the land near Elkton will soon be as extensively cultivated as that at Hastings.

Hastings, St. Johns County
54 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $1.60, Round trip, $3.20

17 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way 50 cents, Round trip, $1.00

Not over fifteen years ago Hastings wan an unknown wayside station, half way between the ancient
city of St. Augustine and East Palatka. Outside of the station, with its water tank and a few negro
cabins, nothing could be seen but endless stretches of stately pine woods. Today it is a thriving and
fast growing community. The negro cabins have given way to stores and residences. The pine
woods are no more; but in their place, as far as the eye can reach, stretches farm after farm of the
finest potatoes raised in this country.

What is needed, not only at Hastings but at every point along the Florida East Coast, is a staple
crop. There is but comparatively a small area in the cotton-growing States where the soil and
climatic conditions are favorable to growing the long-staple varieties of cotton. There is no question
in regard to the soil and climatic conditions at Hastings being well adapted to growing this crop
successfully. When it is taken into consideration that the cotton crop will be an after-crop, grown on
the same land that has produced a good crop of Irish potatoes, its value will be appreciated. It is
said that a good crop of long-staple cotton brings the growers in the neighborhood of $100.00 per
acre. The usual value of a crop of Irish potatoes grown at Hastings is also in the neighborhood of
$100.00 per acre. The growing of these two crops on the same piece of land, the same year, is
intensive farming. Nearly all of the products grown on the East Coast are of a perishable nature --
things that must be sold as soon as gathered. The cotton crop is a staple for which there is always a
ready market, and it can be stored and kept from one year to another if prices are not high enough
to suit the grower. Cotton always brings cash. Hastings has a good school, church, bank, a neat
little inn, telephone, telegraph and express service, and is a most attractive farming community.

St. Augustine to Palatka (The Handbook of Flordia, Norton, 1890)
(on the J. T. & K. W. Ry - Thirty miles (1 hour 40 minutes)
The general course of the route is southwest. Crossing the prairies to the west of Matanzas River
the Tocoi branch diverges to the right and enters a long stretch of piney woods, gradually rising and
interspersed with occasional hammocks. Between Holy Branch and Merrifield we cross Deep
Creek and shortly afterward approach the richer lands bordering St. John's River. At East Palatka
Junction change cars if bound for Halifax River, otherwise the train crosses St. John's River to the
principal station near the steamboat wharf in Palatka. Consult local time table. About six hours can
be spent in Palatka if it is desired to return the same day to St. Augustine. Visit Hart's orange grove,
drive through the suburbs north and south of Palatka.

East Palatka, Putnam County
East Palatka is the junction of a branch across the St. Johns river to Palatka, there connecting with
the Atlantic Coast Line for western and southwestern points of the State. It is also the junction of a
branch to San Mateo.

Palatka, Putnam County
at Western End of Palatka Branch
65 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $1.65; Round trip $3.30

18 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way, 85 cents
Round trip, $1.70

From St. Augustine to Palatka the Florida East Coast Railway leaves the coast and runs in a
southwesterly bank of the St. Johns river. Before railroads grid ironed the State, when navigable
streams were the recognized highways, thriving winter resort. Orange groves flourished, and the city
and surrounding country were thickly populated. Palatka is still attractive and the walks and drives
in all directions are romantic and beautiful. Rowboats and small power boats can be hired for
excursions on the St. Johns river.

Palatka has good hotels. It is the headquarters for great cypress mills. Steamers run from here to the
Ocklawaha river, and the St. Johns river steamers make a stop here. The city is well paved and
sewered and has a fine system of water works. There are two weekly papers.

Hunting in the vicinity of Palatka is especially good, and there is an abundance of fish. Many thriving
towns and agricultural settlements are in the vicinity, and the famous Ocklawaha river flows but a
few miles distant.

San Mateo, Putnam County
Terminus of the San Mateo Branch

66 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $1.85; Round trip, $3.70

29 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way, 85 cents; Round trip, $1.70

San Mateo is three miles from East Palatka. It is most charmingly located on a bluff on the St. Johns
river, ninety feet above the level of the river. The views of the river and the pine forest beyond are
beautiful. Orange and grapefruit are the principal products of this favored region. There is a good
cigar factory at San Mateo. The lands are mostly high pine and hammock and the homes among the
groves very attractive. The San Mateo Item, a weekly paper, devoted to the development of the
section, is published here. San Mateo has a population of 500. It has a comfortable little cottage
hotel.

Visitors are invited to go through the San Mateo Fruit Company's shredded orange groves where
oranges, grapefruit and kumquats may be picked and purchased by the dozen or box. Three
thousand trees under sheds. For information write to J. A. Crosby, San Mateo, Florida. Hunting
nearby and fishing in the St. Johns river are good.

Espanola, St. Johns then Flagler
82 Miles from Jacksonville

Bunnell, St. Johns then Flagler
87 Miles from Jacksonville

Dupont, Putnam County
Dupont is the headquarters of large mills and has a tram to the Haw Creek country which is famous
for good lands and good hunting. It was a center of the turpentine trade.

Ormond, Volusia County
104 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare one way $3.10; Round trip $6.20

68 Miles from St. Augustine
Fair, one way, $2.05; round trip $4.10

Express trains are scheduled to cross the Halifax river to Hotel Ormond and passengers may
disembark on board the train at the hotel entrance. From other trains passengers take the horse-car
direct from Ormond Station, connecting with Hotel Ormond, the drug store, post office and
principal stores in Ormond village. Porters of Hotel Ormond meet the trains and carefully look after
the transfer of baggage.

Ormond is on the Halifax river, which here is parallel with the shore line of the Atlantic, and from
which it is separated only by a peninsula half a mile wide. The Ormond climate is of the medium
quality which permits one to come in October and remain until the end of May. The month of April
is delightfully cool and pleasant here. A carefully kept record shows that the mean temperature
during the month is 70 degrees ranging from 65 degrees to 75 degrees.

The name of Ormond has come to be so widely associated with motoring and automobile races
that, to the average person who has not seen this Florida resort, it conjures up a vision of a wide,
smooth beach of glistening white sand over which mammoth cars glide swiftly. But while for a few
days all other sports are forgotten in the excitement of the motor races, the season sojourner can tell
of other joys, unattended by the possibility of stalled motors and the odor of petrol.

Half a mile inward from the shimmering sands the great Halifax river travels swiftly southward to
merge with the Indian river and finally to lose itself in the embrace of southern seas. A quarter
century ago a few rough cabins and scattering negro huts constituted the only habitations along its
banks; today the stately Ormond Hotel, the swift-growing towns of Daytona and Seabreeze, the
winter residences of millionaires and the plantations of orange-growers line the shores, which are
fringed with tropical growth and are ever clad with luxurious verdue.

Not the least of the attractions of a winter residence at Ormond are afforded by the proximity of the
splendid river which, a third of a mile wide at Daytona, gradually narrows until it meets, a few miles
up-stream, the narrow dark canal like reaches of the Tomoka river, one of its most romantic
tributaries.

Daytona, Volusia County
113 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $3.30; Round trip, $6.60

74 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one was $2.20; Round trip, $4.40

Daytona was founded in 1870 by Mathias Day, of Mansfield, Ohio, who named it Tomoka; but in
1871 Thomas Saunders, the landscape gardener of Washington, named it Daytona. The founders
set out to make a New England settlement in the South, and the thriving, prosperous and growing
city which is essentially one of homes, is marked by the best characteristics of Massachusetts town
life.

Opportunities for the wheel man are afforded in miles of shady roads and cycle paths, and the
visitor who comes here from a home town where cycling has "died out" is pleasantly surprised to
see the number of wheels in use. Automobiles are numerous; there are many miles of roads through
the woods and along the river, complementing the beach course.

It has electric lights, ice plant, weekly paper---the Daytona Gazette; social clubs, yacht club,
automobile club, etc., good stores and one bank.

Daytona Beach
Railroad Station, Daytona

Daytona Beach is on the ocean side of the peninsula and embraces two adjoining towns, Seabreeze
(City Beautiful) and Goodall, opposite Daytona, and has a population of over 1,200 progressive
citizens. The peninsula is about one-half mile wide and is separated from the mainland by the Halifax
river, a semi-salt lagoon. This stream of surpassing beauty rises and falls with the ebb and flow of
the ocean tides and abounds with many species of edible fish, crabs, oysters and other crustaceans.

A line of automobiles is operated between the railway station and the settlements on the east side.
Charge for transfer of passengers, 25 cents; for each piece of baggage, 25 cents.

Port Orange, Volusia County
115 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $3.45; Round trip, $6.90

78 miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way, $2.35; Round trip, $4.70

Port Orange is beautifully located on west bank of the Halifax river. The ocean beach one mile
distant. Good roadway leading from river to ocean. The ocean beach is a continuation of the
Ormond - Daytona beach, which is world-renowned.

Numerous fine building lots for sale to anyone who wished to build, immediately, a winter home in
this attractive, splendidly located little town, whose citizens are always anxious to help a new comer,
not only in the selection of a cottage site but in every other possible way.

Cycling, boating, driving, surf bathing, fishing, and hunting are among the pastimes.

The usual varieties of fish and game are found here. Experienced guides may be had at reasonable
rates.

Ponce Park, Volusia County
Railway Station, Daytona or New Smyrna

A settlement on Mosquito Inlet, eleven miles south of Daytona, on the strip of land between the
Halifax river and Atlantic Ocean, and considered one of the finest fishing grounds in the state.
Reached by steam launch from Daytona, Port Orange, or New Smyrna, and also by automobile via
the famous Ormond-Daytona Beach.

New Smyrna, Volusia County
125 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $3.75; Round trip, $7.50

88 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way, $2.65
Round trip, $5.30

About half way down the East Coast of Florida you come to a place which for nearly one hundred
and fifty years has been known as "New Smyrna." For nearly four hundred years before that it has
been recorded in the musty archives at Madrid under a musical name meaning a mission in the new
and strange "Land of Flower." Back of all this for untold periods, the red man dwelt here, leaving
behind him the immense shell mounds upon which the greater portion of the beautiful village now
stands.

New Smyrna is an attractive village, located in a dense hammock with immense live-oak trees with
moss-covered branches. The streets are paved with shell and are hard and smooth and as white as
the driven snow. Oysters and clams abound in the river, and commercial fishing is carried on to a
considerable extent. Tourists from all sections of the North are attracted there during the winter
season.

New Smyrna is the junction for the branch to the Atlantic Coast Line at Orange City Junction. It
reaches Orange City and Lake Helen and Deland, the latter by team transfer from Orange City.
Hacks, with polite and accommodating drivers, meet every train, summer and winter, and strangers
will be driven to any part of the city for a reasonable charge.

Coronado Beach, Volusia County
Railway Station, New Smyrna
Coronado is one of the most beautiful beaches on the Atlantic coast. Upon arrival at New Smyrna,
take Newell's Transfer, which meets all trains and carries passengers and baggage to the beach.
The drive is delightful.

Lake Helen, Volusia County
on the Orange City Branch
145 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $4.35;  Round trip, $8.70

109 Miles from St. Augustine
Fair, one way, $3.25; Round trip, $6.50

This is one of the most charming spots in Florida; is on a high pine ridge; is a most healthful location.
Fruit growing is carried on here very successfully. There are many handsome homes in this section.
A large starch factory is located here, making starch from cassava and coomptie. Very comfortable
hotels afford accommodations to the tourist or homeseeker. Lake Helen, which is on the edge of
the high pine lands, has become famous for the large peach orchards which are found there. The
orange industry is fast coming again into prominence and some very fine groves are filling the coffers
of their owners with "much money."

Lake Helen also has an extensive sand and lime brick yard, a large saw and planing mill, and a box
factory.

Camp Cassadaga, Volusia County
Railway Station, Lake Helen
Less than a mile south of the station at Lake Helen, situated on high pine bluffs and overlooking a
number of clear and beautiful lakes, is located the Southern Cassadaga, or Spiritualists' assembly
ground. This association was formed for two objectives--to establish a winter resort for Spiritualists
and those interested in the investigation of the science, and to provide a place for all those who
desire a quiet spot. The air is laden with the fragrance of the resinous pine. There are no
disagreeable insects, for the reason that there are no swamps in the neighborhood.

Orange City, Volusia County
on the Orange City Branch
159 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $4.50; Round trip, $9.00

114 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way $3.40; Round trip, $6.80

The Florida East Coast Railway has a branch road running from New Smyrna to Orange City
Junction. For some distance after leaving New Smyrna, the road runs through a low, flat-woods
country which is used only for grazing purposes. Here thousands of cattle can be seen during the
summer months, and they are sleek, smooth and fat. Orange City at one time had a large number of
fine orange groves, but after the great freeze many of these were abandoned. Those who cared for
their groves are now rejoicing in a complete recovery, and the shipments of oranges from that
station are increasing in volume each year.

There are many attractions in the vicinity, and daily winter picnics and excursions are enjoyed by the
visitor. Opportunity for pleasant daily and evening gatherings is all that can be desired. An excellent
library and reading room open to the public every day.

Deland, Volusia County
By Team from Orange City

It is not a station on the Florida East Coast Railway, but is reached by a convenient team transfer
from Orange City railway station. The town site was well chosen. Nature did her part well, and her
work has been enhanced by the handiwork of man. Shade trees are abundant. Rows of substantial
business buildings and residences, all occupied, give to the city that prosperous and thrifty
atmosphere that is lacking in so many cities. At night powerful electric arc lights furnish the
illumination for the streets. In addition to the miles of shell pavement in the city, roads of the same
material lead to towns and points of interest in various directions. Excellent bicycle paths have been
made to Lake Beresford, a beautiful sheet of water five miles distant, and to Lake Helen, six miles
distant by the way of Lake Winnimissette. There is also a good shell road to Orange City, five miles
south.

DeLand is home of the Stetson University (Baptist). It is the county seat of Volusia County. It is the
most prosperous and attractive little city. Two weekly papers, the
DeLand Record and the
DeLand News, are published here. Has one bank and many miles of good, hard roads.

Hawks Park, Volusia County
127 Miles from Jacksonville
Fare, one way, $3.80; Round trip, $7.60

91 Miles from St. Augustine
Fare, one way, $2.75; Round trip, $5.50

A splendid point for hunting and fishing. Ducks very plentiful. Frequently during the past season,
twenty-five to fifty ducks were brought in as the result of a day's hunting.

A delightful feature of life at Hawks Park is the trip to the ocean beach. The sail across the bay is
just long enough to be always charming. It is a pleasant walk across the peninsula with its bits of
savannah and heavy hammock, and the expectancy with which one looks for the broad Atlantic
from the summit of each successive ridge, and when the grand old ocean bursts into view the scene
is fascinating beyond description. The beach, with its great dunes and broad floor of the finest and
whitest sand on which big rollers are always breaking, is peerless among beaches.

Dispatching by Phone (The St. Augustine Evening Record, March 21, 1912)
Line Now Reaches to Extension
A Modern System
Florida East Coast Railway Uses Telegraph only for Business Messages
Florida East Coast Railway trains are now being operated entirely by telephone dispatching.

Announcement was made in The Evening Record several months ago that the telephone system of
train dispatching was to be inaugurated upon the Florida East Coast Railway and since that time the
placing of the telephone wires and equipment has gone steadily on. The dispatchers' offices on each
division are now in touch with every part of the respective divisions by phone.

Under the system now in use the telegraph wires are used only for the transmitting of regular
business of the company, the telephone lines being held clear for the use of the dispatchers.

Flagler System Opens New Division to Traffic (St. Augustine Evening Record, January 4,
1915)
First Train on Kissimmee Valley Line
The New Schedule
Vast Territory of Fertile Country is opened up for Settlement by the Operation of Road

Opening up a vast territory of fertile land which will be settled rapidly now that transportation
facilities are provided the first train over the new Kissimmee Valley division of the Flagler System is
now on its way to Okeechobee, Florida's new island seaport on the north of Lake Okeechobee.
The passing through of the first scheduled train will be an occasion of moment to every town on the
line.

From Chuluota on to Okeechobee the country is fertile and offers unrivaled opportunity to the
settler. The building of the new division was planned by the late Henry M. Flagler before his death,
and its completion and use marks the culmination of another one of his dreams for the development
and upbuilding of Florida.

Under the schedule announced by the passenger traffic department of the Florida East Coast
Railway, the train will leave Titusville at 4:40 o'clock in the afternoon - leaving Chuluota at 6:45,
Kenansville at 9:45, Fort Drum at 11:05, and arriving at Okeechobee one minute past midnight.
Returning the train leaves Okeechobee at 5 o'clock in the morning, leaving Fort Drum at 9::02,
Kenansville at 7:30, Chuluota at 11, and arriving in Titusville at 1:15 in the afternoon.

Stations in Dade County (Palm County wasn't organized until 1909)`
Stuart, Aberdeen, Gomez, Hobe Sound, West Jupiter, West Palm Beach, Lantana, Hypoluxo,
Boynton, Delray, Yamato, Boca Ratone, Deerfield, Pompano, Colohatehee, Ft. Lauderdale, Dania,
Hallandale, Ojus, Fulford, Arch Creek, Biscayne, Little River, Lemon City, buena vista, Miami,
Cocoanut Grove, Larkin, Kendall, Benson, Perrine, Goulde, Black Point, Princeton, Naranja,
Modello, Homestead, Wooddall Siding, Everglade and Jewfish.

Oil to be Used as Fuel on Southern Division F. E. C. Ry. (St. Augustine Evening Record,
January 28, 1915)

Miami, Fla., Jan. 28. -- On May first, the Florida East Coast Railway Company will begin burning
oil instead of coal in its locomotives, according to Morton Riddle, general manager of the Florida
East Coast Railway, who spent Tuesday in Miami. Oil storage tanks will be located here and Mr.
Riddle came to Miami for the purpose of obtaining a permit for building these tanks.

A large tank, capable of holding 35,000 barrels of oil, will be built at Buena Vista, where the
company's yards will be located. This tank alone will cost $8,000. It is planned to construct three
small tanks at Seventh street, providing Fire Chief Chase recommends the feasibility of the plan and
assures the city councilmen that no danger lurks in the project.

The tanks will be erected under the direction of the Standard Oil Company, and according to the
contract, they will be completed by May 1st. The oil to be supplied on the engines will be shipped
here from Tampico, Mexico, and Mr. Riddle stated last night that if Miami had deep water this oil
could be shipped here at a saving of eight cents per barrel.

With oil-burning engines, Mr. Riddle states that all the annoyance caused by smoke from the coal
engines would be eliminated, and he said that he appreciated it himself as he lived near a railroad
whose engines used coal and it was very troublesome, as well as being unhealthy.l

The oil-burning engines will not belch forth say more smoke than a small oil burner, neither will it
necessitate the erection of coal chutes, and this Mr. Riddle stated, would add materially to a city's
appearance, as coal dust would not prevail.

The system of oil-burning engines has been used on the Southern Pacific railroad for several years,
as well as several others and it is the general consensus of opinion by those experienced in its
appliance that it is a big improvement over the use of coal.

1925 Double Track
The Florida East Coast Railway double-tracked its mainline between Jacksonville and Miami in
1925. Increased rail traffic along Florida's east coast made necessary the expansion, which
included surveying a new alignment and constructing tracks south of St. Augustine, effectively
by-passing Elkton, Hastings, and Palatka for a more eastern route into Bunnell. Shortening travel
between those cities by twenty miles, the new mainline cutoff extended through West Augustine,
where it became known as Moultrie Junction. Still, the railway company maintained its older
tracks between St. Augustine and Palatka. In the mid-1920s, the railroad built at Elkton two new
bridges and a siding.
Custom Search
Letterhead
Fuel ticket for wood burning engine
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/146991
Photographer/Personal Author Jonathan Nelson
May 16, 1942
W. H. Beardsley, President of the Florida East Coast Railway
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/35860
Last run of the Florida East Coast Railway passenger trains - Saint Augustine, Florida
July 30, 1968
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/26062
Daytona Railway Station
1901
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/27856
Florida East Coast Railway depot - Lake Helen, Florida
1919
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/27873
Florida East Coast Railway depot - New Smyrna, Florida
1936
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/145191
Portrait of Florida East Coast Railway vice president Joseph R. Parrott
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/35864
Map showing the Florida East Coast Railway and steamship connections
Circa 1910
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/28898
James Ingraham
The Tatler 1899
The Tatler 1899
The Tatler 1899
Flagler East Coast Railway Hotels 1914-1915 Season
See Florida East Coast
Hospital Rules
Florida East Coast Railway
Information
Hastings
Ormond
Daytona
Daytona Beach
New Smyrna
Rockledge
Jacksonville
Atlantic Beach
Palatka
Seabreeze
Port Orange
Ponce Park
Lake Helen
Coronado Beach
Deland
Hastings
East Palatka
Elkton
Jacksonville
San Mateo
Orange Mills
Bayard
Mayport
Enterprise
Pablo Beach
 
Florida East Coast Railway
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Flagler Construction 1885 to 1890
Flagler Era 1890 to 1900
Progressive Era
W. H. Chambers
Henry Flagler
James Ingraham
Andrew Anderson
St. Augustine Railway Station
Florida East Coast Railway
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1888 listing stations (See changes between 1888 and 1897)
December 30, 1929
June 14, 1929