A Treasury of Pictures from the
St. Augustine Historical Preservation and Restoration
by Francis Benjamin Johnson
Library of Congress
Mrs. E. G. Snow House
101 Charlotte Street
(44 Avenida Menendez)
Perez-Sanchez House.

Above and Right
Lindsay House
214 St. George St

Horruytiner House

Top left, top, right
Llambias House
31 St. Francis Street

Above, Right and below left and right
Burt House
Old Spanish Treasury
Pena-Peck House
143 St. George
Above, above left and left
Burt House
143 St. George

Pena-Peck House
8 Pictures
Below, Below left
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Watkins House
52 St. George

Rodriguez-Avero- Sanchez House

Left, bottom left and bottom right
Old Curiosity Shop
54 St. George St

Don Juan Paredes.
Old Spanish Inn
43 St. George St.

De Mesa-Sanchez House.

Above left, above right, and right and below
8 Pictures
Frances Benjamin Johnston (1864-1952) was one of the first American women to achieve prominence as a
photographer.  She was born in Grafton, West Virginia. She was given her first camera by George
EastmanTrained at the Académie Julian in Paris, she studied photography upon her return to Washington, D.
C at the Art Students League in the mid-1880s.

She opened a professional studio circa 1890. She took portraits of many famous contemporaries including
Susan B. Anthony, Mark Twain and Booker T. Washington. Well connected among elite society, she was
commissioned by magazines to do 'celebrity' portraits such as Alice Roosvelt wedding portrait.

In the 1910s, she began to focus on garden and architectural photography. Johnston was one of the first
contributors to the Pictorial Archives of Early American Architecture. Between 1933 and 1940, with a grant
from the Carnegie Corporation, Johnston photographed buildings and gardens throughout nine Southern
states, mainly in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, Louisiana, and Georgia, and to a lesser
extent, Mississippi and Florida. The Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South, a systematic record of
early gardens and architecture of the American South, is a special collection of the Library of Congress.
Johnston was named an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects for her work in preserving
old and endangered buildings.

Preservation efforts in St. Augustine, Florida, picked up in 1936—the same year Johnston had accepted an
invitation from the St. Augustine Historical Society to document historic buildings and then mount a
photographic exhibit at the city’s
Ponce de Leon Hotel. She received a grant, from the Carnegie Institution of
Washington, to photograph St. Augustine, FL ($500). John C. Mirriam, the president of the Carnegie
Corporation of Washington who had helped Johnston obtain funding for this project, stressed to the St.
Augustine Chamber of Commerce that Johnston’s photographs were good publicity for the city. “I have felt,”
he wrote to the chamber, “that Miss Johnston’s photographs and the work which she is doing showing things
of interest and beauty in St. Augustine, are of great importance. We need exact records, detailed pictorial
presentations, and also the evidence of what is beautiful and interesting” in the city." As in Charleston and
New Orleans, Johnston’s photographic inventory of historic buildings in St. Augustine attracted considerable
public attention, financial assistance, and ultimately legislative support for historic preservation.(44) Society
director Verne Chatelain, a former National Park Service historian and assistant director who had supported
Johnston in Virginia and helped secure Carnegie funding for the St. Augustine survey, kept Johnston
informed of local preservation developments, writing her months later that—

"As to my own plans, I hope to be here until the final drafting of the Zoning Ordinances, which we have been
working on for the past two to three months. The state [legislature] passed five restoration bills, all that we
asked for, and fifty thousand dollars, so that whole-hearted state cooperation is now fully assured."

He attributed much of this activity and success to Johnston’s photographs and exhibit.

Johnston died on March 16, 1952, in New Orleans.
See Francis Benjamin Johnson
See W. J. Harris
See Chaplin's Hand Book
See Page 2  Johnson
See Sam Cooley
See Underwood
See Page 3   Johnson
See William Henry Jackson
See Anthony
See Page 4  Johnson
See Page 2 William Henry Jackson
See Oliver Brothers
See St. Augustine's Shrimp Fleet Johnson
See Detroit Publishing Company
See Thomas T. Waterman
See Page 2 Detroit Publishing
See George Barker
See Beauties of American Scenery
See George Pierron
See Florida Club
See Barker (New York Public Library)
See Bloomfield
See American Views
See American Scenery
See Geographic File (LOC)
See European American Views