Sec
or
Rel
Name of Society
Office
Secretary
Treasurer
Canvassing Ground
Location of Schools
Founding Date
Disbanding
Date
Year Information
found
r
American Missionary Association
John St. New York,
New York
Rev. George Whipple
Lewis Tappan
National
National
September 2,
1846
   
s
American Freedman Union
New York
Rev. Lyman Abbott
George Cabot Ward
National
National
1866
   
s
New England branch Freedman's
and Union Com.
(New England Freedmen's Aid
Society and Boston Education
Commission)
8 Studio Building,
Tremont Street,
Boston, Mass.
Rev. J. H. Chapin, 8
Studio Building
William Endicot Jr., 33
Summer Street
Massachusetts, Vermont, New
Hampshire, Rhode Island
District Columbia, Maryland, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Georgia, Virginia
February 7, 1862
March 20, 1874
April, 1866
s
New York National Freedman's Relief
Association (National Freedmen's
Association)
76 John Street, New
York City
Rev. Wm. G.
Hawkins, 76 John
Street
Joseph B. Collins, 40
Wall Street
New York, Connecticut, Northern New
Jersey
District Columbia, Maryland, Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama,
Florida, Louisiana
February 22,
1862
1869
April, 1866
s
Penn. Freedman's Relief Assciation
(Port Royal Relief)
424 Walnut Street,
Philadelphia, Pa.
J. E. Rhodes, 424
Walnut Street,
Philadelphia, Pa.
E. W. Clark, 35 South
3d Street
Delaware Eastern Pennsylvania,
South'n N Jersey
Dist. Col. Virginia, S. Carolina, Tennessee,
Alabama
    April, 1866
s
Baltimore Association for the Moral
and Educational Improvement of the
Colored People
5 and 7 Tyson's
Block, Baltimore, Md
Rev. F. Israel, 5 and
7 Tyson's Block
Jesse Tyson, 5 and 7
Tyson's Block
Maryland
Maryland
1864
1871
April, 1866
s
Maryland Union Commission
89 & 91 West
Baltimore Street,
Baltimore, Md.
W. A. Wising 89 & 91
West Baltimore
Street.
J. N. Brown, cor.
Calvert and Baltimore
Streets
Maryland, parts of Pennsylvania and
Virginia.
  April 18, 1865
  April, 1866
s
Cleveland Freedmen's and Union
Commission (Cleveland Aid
Commission In 1867 it would join with
the AMA.)
Bethel Church,
Water St. Cleveland
Ohio
L. F. Mellen,
Cleveland O.
W. R. Reynolds,
Cleveland, Ohio
Northern Ohio, Northeastern Indiana,
Northwestern Pennsylvania, Southern
Michigan
Georgia, Alabama
April 1863
1872
April, 1866
s
Michigan Freemen's Aid Commission
Detroit, Michigan
Rev. Supply Chase,
Detroit Michigan
Francis Raymond,
Detroit, Michigan
Michigan
Kansas, Arkansas, South Carolina
    April, 1866
s
Indiana Freedmen's Aid Commission
Indianapolis, Ind
Jacob S. Willette,
Indianapolis, Ind.
James M. Ray,
Indianapolis, Indiana
Indiana
Tennessee
September 1863
  April, 1866
s
Northwestern Freedmen's Aid
Commission
(In 1868 it would join the AMA)
25 Lombard Block,
Chicago Ill
Rev. J. M. Walden,
D. D., P. O. Box
2747, Chicago, Ill
Col. R. B. Mason
Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin,
parts of Michigan and Indiana
Louisiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas,
Mississippi, Alabama, Missouri, Kansas, Illinois
January 1, 1864
  April, 1866
s
Western Freedmen's Aid Commission
(First known as Contrabands' Relief
Association also known as the
Cincinniti Society. in 1866 it would
join with the AMA.)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Rev. R. S. Rust, D. D.
J. F. Larkin, Esq.
Ohio and Indiana
Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas,
Mississippi, Louisiana, alabama, Georgia
January 19, 1863
  April, 1866
s
Freedman's Aid Commiss'n of West.
Pennsylvania, East Ohio, and West
Virginia (Pittsburgh Freedmen's
Relief Association)
Pittsburg
Rev. J. B. Clark, D. D.
Allan Kramer, Esq.
Western Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio,
and West Virginia
      April, 1866
s
Penn. Union Commission
Chestnut St,
Philadelphia
Joseph Parker, Esq.
Samuel Work, Esq
Pennsylvania, Southern New Jersey
Georgia
    April, 1866
s
Northwestern Union Commission
90 Washington
Street, Chicago Ill
Mrs. H. W. Cobb
Col. James H. Bowen
Northwestern States
Arkansas
    April, 1866
s
California Branch American
Freedmen's & Union Commission
San Francisco, Cal.
O. C. Wheeler, San
Francisco, Cal
  The Pacific Coast
      April, 1866
r
Friends Association of Philadelphia
and its Vicinity for the Relief of
Colored Freedmen (also known as
Fri
ends' Freemen's Relief Association of
Philadelphia
)
Philadelphia PA
      Virginia and North Carolina
Nov. 5, 1863
   
r
New England yearly meeting of
Friends
New Bedford Mass
        1862
   
s
National Freedmen's Relief
Association of the District of Columbia
Temperance Hall
E Street
Washington, DC
J. Van Santvoord
George E. Baker
  Washington, D.C. and area
April 9, 1862
  1862
  The African Civilization Society
Brooklyn, NY
      Carolina, Maryland, Virginia Georgia, Mississippi
and Louisiana
1864
   
r
Freedmen's Aid Society of the
Methodist Episcopal Church
          1866
   
r
The African Methodist Episcopal
Church
Brooklyn, NY and
Baltimore
        1864
   
r
Baptist Home Missionary Association
        Mississippi Valley, Virginia, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Tennessee, Louisiana and the District of
Columbia
1862
   
r
Presbyterian Committee on Missions
for Freedmen
        Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Kansas.
     
r
Reformed Presbyterian Board of
Missions
Allegheny City, PA
      Washington, D. C.
1864
   
s
National Association for the Relief of
Destitute Colored Women and
Children (formerly Contraband Relief
Association)
Washington, DC
    National
Washington, D. C.
February 14,
1863
  1864
r
The Massachusetts Episcopal
Association for the Promotion of
Christian knowledge among the
Freedmen and other Colored
Persons of the South and Southwest
Boston
             
r
Protestant Episcopal Freedmen's
Commission
          October, 1865
   
s
Delaware Association for the
Education and Moral Improvement of
the Colored People
Wilmington,
Delaware
Wm. P. Bancroft.
Chas. W. Howland
  Delaware
December 1866
1887
1868, 1876 bulk
s
Nashville Refugees Aid Society
Nashville
             
r
American Freewill Baptist Association
               
s
Arkansas Relief Committee
Little Rock
             
r
Benezet Freedmen's Relief
Association (Friends)
Philadelphia
        1867
   
s
Committee for Aid to the Freedmen
of the West
    Alpheus Hardy
    1863
   
s
Contraband Relief Society
St. Louis
        1863
   
r
Freewill Baptist Church, Home
Missionary Society of
Dover, N. H.
             
r
Friends Association in aid of
Freedmen
Baltimore
        1865
   
s
New Hampshire Freedmen's Relief
Association
Concord
        1863
   
s
Georgia State Educational
Association
Georgia
        1864
   
s
Savannah Educational Association
Savannah
        1864
   
r
African Methodist Episcopal Zion
               
r
Colored Methodist Episcopal
               
r
New England Educational
Commission for Freedmen
  Joseph Parker
           
s
Kansas Emancipation League
  Richard J. Hinton
(founder)
      February, 1862
   
s
Committee of the Association of
Volunteer Teachers of Evening
Schools for People of Color in
Washington and Georgetown, D. C.
District of Columbia
A. E. Newton
Samuel Dickinson
District of Columbia
  December, 1863
   
s
Freedman's Aid Association of the
City of New Orleans
               
s
Maine Freedmen's Aid Society
               
s
Rhode Island Association for
Freedmen
               
s
St. Louis Freedmen's Relief Society
               
r
American Tract Society
               
r
Presbyterian Committee of Home
Missionaries for Freedmen
               
r
Presbyterian General Assembly's
Committee on Freedmen (OP)
          May 1864
   
s
Freedmens Association for Relief of
the Poor
Nashville,
Tennessee
             
s
Rochester Ladies' Anti-Slavery
Society
Rochester, New York
  Julia A. Wilbur
  Alexandria, VA,  Lawrence Kansas
     
s
African School Society of Wilmington
Delaware
      Wilmington Delaware
     
s
Western Sanitary Commission
St. Louis
Rev. J. G. Forman
    Mississippi Valley
     
r
United Presbyterian Society
        Nashville
     
r
Indiana Friends Commission
               
r
Contraband Relief Commission
(turned over to Indiana Friends)
Indiana
          1865
 
r
Western Yearly Meeting of Friends
Committee
               
r
United Brethern
               
s
Hartford Freedmen's Aid Society
               
  Women's Aid Association of
Philadelphia for the Relief of
Freedmen (Hicksite)
Philadelphia
        April 15, 1862
   
s
Washington Freedmen's Society
               
r
Roman Catholic Church
               
r
Friends Association for the Aid and
Elevation of the Freedmen (Hicksite)
Philadelphia
William Levick and
Edith W. Atlee
MacPherson Saunders
  Washington, D. C. area
January 6, 1864
   
s
Women's Freedmen's Relief
Association
Philadelphia
  S. L. Baldwin
  North Carolina
    1867
r
Genesee Conference Missionary
Society of the African M. E. Church
New York
Rev. Jas H. Smith
Rev. John Thomas
New York African Methodist Episcopal
Church Genesee Conference
       
r
American Advent Mission Society
               
r
American Baptist Free Mission
Society
               
r
American Baptish Home Mission
Society
               
r
Dutch Reformed
               
r
Freedmen's Industrial Aid Society
New York
Rev. J. J. Clinton
William Howard Day
    1866
  April 1866
r
Friends Association in Aid to
Freedmen
Baltimore
        November 5,
1864
  1867
s
Pittsburgh Ladies Association
Pittsburgh Pa
             
s
Rhode Island Freedmen's Society
        Supported National Freedman's Association of D.
C.
     
s
The American Freedmen's Friend
Society
New York
Charles L. Reason
Albro Lyons
         
                   
Return to Assorted Teachers in Various Schools After April 1865
Freedmen Aid Societies
Teacher Recruiters and Supporters for the Freedmen with
Division of Canvassing Area and Location of Schools
The following chart contains the names of the major societies and information about those societies. Underneath these societies were hundreds of auxlery
societies that were created in cities and towns across the north and west of the United States. Many of these societies received money from societies
overseas. Some of these societies were in existance before the War of the Rebellion as anti-slavery societies or missionary societies but by the end of
Reconstruction the American Missionary Society was the strongest.
The Freedmen's Record: Boston, 1865-1874
Published by the New England Freedman's Aid Society
The Freedman's Advocate: New York
Published by the National Freedman's Relief Association, 1864-1865
The American Freedman: New York
Published by the American Freedmen's and Union Commission 1866
The American Missionary: New York
American Missionary Association
The Freed-Man: London.
British and Foreign Freed-Men's Aid Society
The Loyal Georgian
Georgia Equal Rights Association
The National Freedmen: New York
New York National Freedmen's Relief Association
Pennsylvania Freedmen's Bulletin
Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief
Partial List of Journals and Newspapers
Published in the Interests of Freedmen    
    
See Organizational List of Societies in 1866 of the American Freedmen's Union.

Religious and Secular
This does not mean that the secular institutions were secular from a modern standpoint. They were not controled by denominations, nor did they require teachers to profess a
particular religious belief. Teachers may organize and teach Sunday Schools and preach.

National Freedmen's Relief
During it's existence it raised $500,000 in cash and $250,000 in supplies

Instructions to Teachers and Applicants - July 20, 1866

New England Freedmen's Aid Society
The final meeting of the New England society was held on March 20, 1874. It had in its 12 years of life collected nearly $400,000 and supplies valued at $150,000.
Branch Societies of the New England Freedmens Association, 1865

Port Royal Relief Committee (Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association or Philadelphia Society)
from 1862 - 1865 they raised $250,000.

Western Freedmen's Aid Commission
organized in Cincinnati in the fall of 1862 under the temporary name of Contrabands' Relief Association.:" Its teachers were sent early in 1863 to  places along the Mississippi
River, in Mississippi, Arkansas and western Tennessee. In the winter of 1862-1863 relief was distributed. From 1864-1871253,0000 with considerable assist from the British.

The Cincinnati Society
was a charter member of the United States Commission on December 2, 1863. It combined in 1866 with the American Missionary Association.

The Northwest Freedmen's Aid Commission
organized in chicago during the autumn of 1863.The Chicago Society from 1863 to 1865 and average of 50 teachers were maintained.

The Friends Association of Philadelphia and its Vicinity for the Relief of Colored Freedmen
organized in November 1863. It was usually known as the Friends' Freemen's Relief Association of Philadelphia. Its object was to relieve the wants, provide for the instruction,
and protect the rights of the freedmen." From 1863 to 1867 the association expended $210,500 with assistance from British Friends. Virginia and North Carolina

The New England yearly meeting of Friends
organized work for freedment in 1864 Its main energies were exerted in Washington with a store at cost prices and day, evening, and Sunday schools. the general office of this
association was at New Bedford, Mass. Virginia and South Carolina

The Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen.
Started in 1862 but not formally organized until 1864 From 1862 to 1869 its receipts totaled $57,500 which was expended for schools, seeds, supplies, donations to asylums, and
50,000 copies of the New Testament.

Baltimore society
disbanded in 1871.

The National Freedmen's Relief Association of the District of Columbia  
established on April 9, 1862 and labored in Washington and vicinity. First school organized November 23, 1862.

The African Civilization Society
was officered and managed by African Americans opened aschools in Washington in 1864. It worked in Carolina, Maryland, Virginia Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana. Society
headquarters were situated in Brooklyn, Ny.

National Association for the Relief of Destitute Colored Women and Children
incorporated by Congress February 14, 1863

The American Baptist Home Missionary Association
Mississippi River before July 1863. United Presbyterians, Reformed Presbyterians and the United Brethern in Christ assisted the Baptists in the Mississippi valley.
The American Baptists also organized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Louisiana and the District of Columbia.

The Presbyterian General Assembly
had a general committee on freedmenand had over 36 teachers and missionaries. Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Kansas.

The Reformed Presbyterian Board of Missions
had 5 schools in Washington in 1864. Headquarters were at Allegheny city, Pa.

The Protestant Episcopal Freedmen's Commission
organized in 1865.     

The Massachusetts Episcopal Association for the Promotion of Christian knowledge among the Freedmen and other Colored Persons of the South and
Southwest
.
unknown what they did.

The African Methodist Episcopal Church
carried on mission and school work from 1864 to 1868. Headquarters were at Brooklyn and Baltimore.
Foreign societies: London Freedmen's Aid Society which became the British and Foreign Freedmen's Aid Society.

The American Missionary Association
The Congregational churches, Free-Will Baptist, the Wesleyan Methodist, and the Reformed Dutch Church were part of the mix.
Department of the South
Inspectors Report of Schools
for the Freedmen's Bureau
Assorted Documents
Freedmen Aid Societies
Freedmens Bureau Assorted
Documents
Port Royal Experiment
St. Augustine and the Civil
War
33rd USCT
34 USCT
21 USCT
Dr. Bronson Main Page
   
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