Return to Dr. Bronson's St. Augustine
Jefferson Theater
St. Augustine, Florida
Jefferson Theater - Florida
The Jefferson Theatre stood at the corner of Cordova and Cathedral Streets. The theatre began in 1907
as an opera and vaudeville house and later went to silent films. The entrance portion of the theatre was a
four-story building with arched windows on the upper story adorned with a continuous brick lintel.

Half the Stock Subscribed (St. Augustine Evening Record, May 4, 1907)
Over $25,000 of the stock has been subscribed this week by leading citizens and merchants in the new
theater and office building to be erected by the Realty and Theater Company on St. George Street.
Investors and parties interested in this enterprise, which means so much to St. Augustine and to the city's
upbuilding should communicate with the board of directors, direct, or with A. M. Taylor, at 10
Cathedral Place.

Location (St. Augustine Evening Record, May 20, 1907)
The location for the new Opera house has been changed from the Lorrilard lot on St. George street to
the lot at the corner of Cordova and Cathedral streets. The new site will give more space for showing an
imposing structure such as the Seminole theater will be. Some alterations in the original plans will be
made, but the general idea will be adhered to.

Clearing Site for New Theater (St. Augustine Evening Record, July 9, 1907)
The Southern Express Company and the Transfer Company have been advised that the building which
they occupy will be moved in a few days, preparatory to commencing the erection of the new opera
house. These buildings will be moved eastward on Cathedral street and the corner will be cleared for the
new building.

Bids will soon be opened for the proposed theater and the contract will be let shortly. The structure has
been described before in these columns and the public is aware of the fact that it will be modern in every
respect and a building of which this city may feel proud. The stock has been generally scattered among
the people of the city and the investment should prove a very profitable one.

Clearing Site for the Jefferson Theater Building (St. Augustine Evening Record, April 25, 1908)
The first step towards the construction of the Jefferson Theater was made today when the work of
clearing the site commenced. The little building on Cordova street was shifted across the lot to face on
Treasury street and the workmen immediately returned their attention to the Southern Express office and
the Transfer Company office. This building will be divided where the wall between intervence and the
Express Company office will be moved northward on Cordova street and the Transfer Co., office will
be moved eastward on Cathedral street.

Mr. Struck, who will superintend the building will start the work of excavating for foundations this
afternoon and the work will be speedily pushed, so that the structures will be ready for business next

The building will be four stories and will contain a number of offices also four stores. An arcade will run
through the center of the building from the street back to the theater. The theater will be modern in every
respect and will accommodate about 2,000. In addition to the parquet will be a balcony and gallery,
also eight boxes. The stage will be of sufficient dimensions to accommodate the biggest attractions in the
country. It will be 60 by 90 feet. There will be a number of dressing rooms with special dressing rooms
for stars. Special attention has been devoted to exits and in addition to the inside stairs there will be
outside stairways leading from the gallery and balcony. In case of emergency the house can be emptied
very rapidly. The building will be one of the finest of its kind in the South.

Local Notes (St. Augustine Evening Record, August 8, 1908)
The Jefferson Theatre building is progressing with rapidity and the exterior design is easily distinguished
now. The building, however, is far from finished and will keep a large force busy for some time yet.

Offices in Jefferson Building Filled (St. Augustine Evening Record, June 21, 1909)
No better evidence of the necessity for a first-class office building in the ity could be given than the
rapidity with which the offices in the Jefferson Theatre building have been filled. Only two vacant offices
remain in the building, despite the fact that the structure was completed only recently and the offices
have been ready but a short time.

Dr. S. G. Worley has a magnificent suite of rooms on the top floor and was the first tenant. Within the
past few weeks many professional men have engaged suites or single offices and many have already
moved in. Dr. Farrin has very pleasant rooms on the fourth floor and was one of the earliest tenants. Dr.
J. M. Irwin has secured a suite on the west and south side of the building. Dr. Sam Worley has
established his office in the building and Dr. Estes is another of the medical fraternity to locate in the
Jefferson. Mr. W. A. MacWilliams is moving into the office reserved for him and the Florida Coast Line
Canal Company has very pleasant quarters which they have been occupying for a week past. A
Wireless Telephone Company has secured offices there and roof space for a station and today the
International Institute of Wireless Telegraphy secured quarters there in which a school of instruction will
be opened.

Mr. Eugene L. Barnes, the real estate and insurance agent, will move his office to the handsome room
opening on the arcade and fronting on Cathedral street. Negotiations are in progress for the other stores
which will be rented soon.

Manager. A. M. Taylor
Abram Morris (A.M.) Taylor was born on September 1, 1862,  He was originally from Morris County,
New Jersey. The son of Mr. and Mrs. George William Taylor. After he graduated from the College of
the City of New York, he was an actor in New York. He began visiting Florida. He became a seasonal
resident in St. Augustine in 1889, when he became the manager of the
Casino, a recreation facility  at
Hotel Alcazar.  He was the manager and co-owner of the Jefferson Theatre

Taylor was influential in various state and local clubs. In 1905, he formed the Florida State Elks
Association and served as president from 1906-1908. During World War I he was the Fuel
Administrator for St. Johns County. He also was the president of the local Rotary Club from
1933-1934, and was a member of the Masons. He was on the Board of Directors for the
Historical Society. He also served in the Florida Senate (St. Augustine, District 31) from 1925 to 1931.  
He was a Commissioner of the Florida Inland Navigation District and helped develop the Intracoastal
Waterway in Florida. He was the President of the Peoples Bank of Savings in St. Augustine. A.M.
Taylor died in St. Augustine on May 20, 1942.

Emmons R. Croff was another manager of the theatre.

Joseph Jefferson (1829-1905)
He was the 4th generation of a theatrical family that was established by Thomas Jefferson (1728 -1807),
an English actor who worked with
David Garrick and also managed several theatres. Thomas's son
Joseph Jefferson I (1774-1832) came to America in 1795 on tour and remained to manage the John
Street and Park Theatres in New York and the Chestnut Street Theatre in Philadelphia. He played a
comic actor.  Joseph Jefferson II (1804-1842) was an actor as well, but found his calling as a scenic
artist. All three Jeffersons were noted for playing old men.

Joseph Jefferson III was born on 20 February 1829 at Philadelphia, United States of America, son of
Joseph Jefferson, actor, and his wife Cornelia Frances Thomas Burke. He began his stage career at 4
and, after his father died in 1842, relied on acting for a living. At the age of three he appeared as the boy
in Kotzebue's
Pizarro as Jim Crow. His first  success was in 1858 as Asa Trenchard in Tom Taylor's
Our American Cousin at Laura Keene's theatre in New York.  Other early parts were Newman
Noggs in
Nicholas Nickleby, Caleb Plummer in The Cricket on the Hearth, Dr Pangloss in The Heir
at Law
, Salem Scudder in The Octoroon, and Bob Acres in The Rivals.

At 21 he married Margaret Clements Lockyer. In 1856 he visited Europe and in September joined
Laura Keene's company in New York. On February 18, 1861 his wife died, leaving four children.

On December 20, 1867 he married Sarah Warren the niece of the actor William Warren. Fame came
with his creation of the role of Rip Van Winkle in a dramatization of
Washington Irving's story, first in
1859 and later in 1865 as revised by
Dion Boucicault.  (Copy of his 1896 movie) In 1869 bought
Orange Island in Iberia, Louisiana. He performed the second version almost exclusively until 1880.
Almost as famous was his interpretation of Bob Acres in
The Rivals, a part he played hundreds of
times. April 22, 1892 was a lecturer at Yale University. He received a L. L. D. from Yale.

He died in 1905. Henry Flagler's personal railway car took the body from Palm Beach to Boston.
Henry had met with the actor a few weeks before the actor's death embracing him with Joseph Jefferson
saying that he didn't think he'd ever see him alive again. Since A.M. Taylor knew Jefferson there is a
very high probability that the name of the theatre was in memory of Joseph Jefferson.

Joseph Warren IV and William Jefferson appeared in "
The Henrietta" at the Jefferson Theatre on
September 23, 1909.These were the famous actors sons. Joseph Warren was a child of the second
wife. He was born July 6, 1869. He married Blanche Bender on June 13, 1891 and was a member of
his father's company. William Winter was born on April 29, 1876 was a stage actor and would appear
in many silent films of the era including: Wild Oats (1919), Out of the Wreck (1917), Her Own People
(1917), The Right Direction (1916), The Stronger Love (1916), Pique (1916), He Did and He Didn't
(1916), Camille (1915), Dora Thorne (1915), Three Hats (1915), File 113 (1915), A Scrap of Paper
(1914), In Quest of a Story (1914), Blacksmith Ben (1914), Ernest Maltravers (1914), Butterflies and
Orange Blossoms (1914), The Power of the Press (1914), The Iron Master (1914), The Derelicts
(1914), His Change of Heart (1914), The Science of Crime (1914), Soldiers of Fortune (1914), A
Dash of Courage (1916), The Other Man (1916), His Wife's Mistakes (1916), Bright Lights (1916),
Pique (1916), He Did and He Didn't (1916), A Deal in Indians (1915), Dora Thorne (1915), Three
Hats (1915), A Scrap of Paper (1914), Ernest Maltravers (1914), Getting the Sack (1914), A Dash of
Courage (1916), The Habit of Happiness (1916), Bright Lights (1916), Over Night (1915), Marrying
Money (1915), A Scrap of Paper (1914), Getting the Sack (1914), The Rivals (1913).

Charles was the oldest son born in 1851. His first acting appearance was in 1869 but he did not stay in
acting. Frank and Thomas were other acting brothers in the family. Thomas acted in his dads company
in several roles opposite his father. Thomas became an actor in D.W. Griffiths stock company appearing
in Houdini with Houdini, the first Tarzan of the Apes with Elmo Lincoln and Ten Nights in a Bar Room.
The daughters of Jefferson did not go into acting. Margaret Jane Jefferson married Benjamin L. Farjeon
an English novelist. Francis Jefferson died at 5 months. Josephine Jefferson never appeared on stage.
The first Joseph Jefferson died at one year of age.

Jefferson Theatre "The Girl From Chili" (December 31, 1909 St. Augustine Evening Record)
On New Year's Day the attraction at the Jefferson theatre, matinée and night will be "The Girl from

A scintillating whirligig of laughter, wit and humor is The Girl from Chili which is one of the cleverest
comedies ever written. It is a comedy that causes incessant laughter from the rise to the fall of the
curtain. It is agonizingly funny and hysterically serious. There is not a dull moment in the whole play.
"Charley's Aunt" made you laugh. "The Girl from Chili" will made you scream; you will miss it if you miss
it. This comedy is in three acts and the smiles throughout afforded from the sparkling humor spread like
syrup in a Southern sun. All those that enjoy high-class, refined, wholesome amusement should not fail
witnessing this performance as it is really the laughiest of all farce comedies the stage has today. The Girl
from Chili is played by the dainty comedienne, Miss Virginia Milliman, who is one of the cleverest young
actresses in this particular line before the theatre going public today. Her work as Juanita Dawkins
creates surprising situations throughout every act of the play and her splendid interpretation of the
Spanish Girl from Chili has received the highest of comments from the press and public wherever she
has appeared. See this play as it deals out fun only.  

Enjoy Watch night at the Jefferson Theatre.
A delightful surprise is promised all who patronize the Jefferson theatre this evening as the program will
be par excellence. The amateur entries are of a musical class and will give a splendid program. Every
number will be of a superior character.

The moving picture program contains the following: A Comedy and Tragedy.@ This is a new film, one
of the December productions and is immense. A Romance in the Andes is a wonderful picture. The
Light That Came is splendid.

The theatre is the most comfortable place in St. Augustine since the steam heat plant was placed in
commission today.

Sarah Bernhardt (1844-1923)
Perhaps the most distinguished actress to appear there was the "Divine Sarah" Bernhardt, who did
scenes from "La Dame aux Camelias" and "La Mort de Cleopatra."

January 11, 1910 Reserved for Black Patti.
Entire balcony and boxes will be reserved for white people on Wednesday evening, January 12, on the
occasion of Black Patti's appearance at the Jefferson. The remainder of the house will be reserved for
colored patrons.

Black Patti.
If the world is at all grateful for the negro being lifted to the stage and placed before the footlights, then
the world owes whatever is due to Macon.

It was Macon that placed the real negro on the state. The time Wilson's raid; the promoter, a sutler in
Wilson's army.

The war had just closed. This sutler, with true Yankee shrewdness, saw the certain genius in the negroes
about Macon, heard their songs and their music, saw their powers of mimicry, and it was not long
before he had a troupe of genuine negroes performing the world over as the Genuine Georgia Minstrels.

Then came the negro to the fore of the footlights, and in the later days the limelight. Now, in the north,
the negro is a part of the stage. It was this Macon venture that brought out Black Patti, and she only
followed that remarkable musical genius, Blind Tom, furnished by Columbus.

The show as given by Sissieretta Jones and her company last night pleased those who love the negro
voice. There is melody in his voice, whether on the wharves rolling the cotton into the holds of
steamboats, or on the stage in an opera house. There is a certain sweetness in it that falls softly on some
ears, and feels like music.

The Black Patti, seen here often, retains her voice, and be it said that last night when she had given as an
encore, after singing a selection from Lucia di Lammermoor, that southern favorite, "Way Down Upon
the Suwannee River," one shut eyes and listened and thought it sweet, as it was.

The company is better than she usually brings. John Larkin, he of the coal black face, the crimson lips
and as white a set of teeth as ever shone in man's mouth, was excruciatingly funny in all that he did, and
one could not help laughing at him.

But there were others, and on the whole the audience, which was top-heavy enough to topple, the
galleries being full, was tickled to death at the funny business and delighted at the singing. Between the
fun and the music, all well rendered, the show was well worth going out on a cold night to see. C Macon

A Trip to Africa.
Black Patti Will be at Jefferson Tonight.
"A Trip to Africa," the musical success, in which the original "Black Patti" (Sissieretta Jones), and "Jolly"
John Larkins, together with the "Black Patti" show is appearing, in the strongest production that has ever
been presented by a colored organization. The scenic effects are a marvelous presentation and depict
the interior African jungle with all of its details. Nothing has been left undone to make this most realistic.

This production is three acts and is very evenly balanced with musical numbers, comical situations and
the funny comedians keep things going for the full two and one-half hours that you are auditor. A number
of new faces will be seen with the "Black Patti" show this season. The chorus is well picked and can sing
and dance. They will come to the Jefferson theatre tonight only.

January 27, 1910
For Disturbing Theatre.
Stiff Fine and Lecture is Handed Out to Offenders.
That the noise nuisance that has of late been so annoying to theatregoers is not going to be tolerated was
made evident in city court this morning when Judge Pinkham handed out some stiff fines and also a
lecture to some young men who are the first to be arrested on the charge. It is stated that people who
attend the Jefferson to enjoy the productions are going to be protected from this nuisance which has
been continually complained of and arrests are going to be made whenever the offense is committed.

Last night the police arrested Messrs. E. Bruer, C. Hyer, C. Copeland, T. B. Bennett and Alvarez for
noise making and the charge of disorderly conduct was docketed against them. In city court this morning
the first two were sentenced to pay $5 and costs each while the three latter were discharged. Judge
Pinkham made it distinctly understood that the practice is to be broken up.

Messrs. A. M. Taylor, Joe Beemer, A. D. Parker and A. W. Corbett appeared as witnesses. W. A
MacWilliams, Esq., prosecuted the cases.

Henry Parmenter
May 11, 1910
Mr. Parmeter Found Dead
Had Been in Good Health Heart Failure Supposed to be Cause.

Mr. Henry Parmenter was found dead yesterday by his son at the cottage which they were occupying
on Anastasia island. Heart failure is supposed to have caused death. The discovery was a severe shock
to his son and to his friends as he had been seemingly in good health the day before.

The remains will be shipped today to the old home in the North. He is survived by his wife, who is
away, a son and a daughter, Mrs. Felix Fire. Mr. Parmeter came from New York but had been residing
here for some time. He was sixty-four years of age. He did not appear as usual yesterday morning and
an investigation by his son revealed the fact that he was dead. He was a good musician and was
well-known as the trap drummer at the Jefferson theater during the past season.

Final Class from St. Augustine #1 Commencement Held in Jefferson Theater (from the St.
Augustine Record)
Seven well-known young ladies will made up the graduating class of 1910 of the St. Augustine High
School and plans for the commencement exercises have nearly been completed. The exercises will be
held in the Jefferson theatre on the evening of Monday, May 20th. It is expected that the address of the
evening will be delivered by the Hon. Frank Clark, Congressman from the Second district. Mr. Clark
has accepted the invitation to speak through County Superintendent of Public Instruction W. S. M.
Pinkham has not hear from him as yet as to whether the change of the date to Monday night will interfere
with his plans.

Those in the class are the Misses Ella May Davis, Abbie Hare, Rosella Martin, Marguerite Holmes,
Clyde Hunt, Hortense Weidman and Gladys Larson. All are hard at working finishing up their studies
and the final examinations will soon being. These will not end until the last week before commencement.
The exercises promises to be usually interesting this year.

May 21, 1910
Commencement Monday Night
Exercises at the Jefferson will be Public.
Congressman Clark is Unable to be Present - The Program in Full.

Bring the school year of 1909-10 to a close the commencement exercises of the St. Augustine High
school will be held at the Jefferson theatre Monday evening beginning at 8 o'clock. The program for the
closing exercises is a splendid one and will be greatly enjoyed. The public generally is welcome and all
friends of the schools are urged to attend. The boxes and extreme front seats will be reserved for
relatives and invited friends of the members of the class but all of the others will be free to all who will

The members of the class of 1910 and their essays are as follows: Miss Julia Gladys Larson, "The Art of
Arts"  Knowing How; Miss Ella May Davis,"Some Aspects Concerning the Character of Edgar Allen
Poe;" Miss Abbie Hare, "The Wizard of Menlo Park;" Miss Rosella Martin, "The Joy of Living;" Miss
Marguerite Holmes, "The Incoming Millions;" Miss Frances Clyde Hunt, "The Power of Thought;" Miss
Hortense Weidman, "Memory's Message," Miss Martin is president of the class, Miss Hunt vice
president, Miss Davis secretary and Miss Holmes treasurer.

Much to the great regret of his many friends
Congressman Frank Clark will be unable to appear and
deliver the address to the class. Other engagements prevent his being in the city. Dr. Lincoln Hulley,
president of Stetson University at Deland, however, agreed to be present and deliver the address.

St. Cecilia School Commencement
May 23, 1910
Colored School Commencement
The St. Cecilia school, the colored Catholic school, will hold its annual commencement exercises in St.
Johns hall tonight. The colored public school closing exercises were held at the Jefferson theatre last
Friday night.

1912 Management
Johnny and Emma Ray are the managers, holding the present lease, Harry P. Davies is resident manager.

Groffs Lease Jefferson Theatre---Important Deal (St. Augustine Evening Record, July 27, 1914)
Having leased the Jefferson Theatre I. W. Groff and son, E. R. Groff, are now planning for great
improvements to that house.

Saturday afternoon the deal for the lease of the Jefferson by the gentlemen mentioned was concluded
and they are now in charge. The new lessees of the Jefferson have considerable advantage in the fact
that they have been in St. Augustine for several years and have been engaged in the motion picture
business during that period. They are thoroughly familiar with the tastes of the citizens and know what to
offer them.

Under the management of the Messrs. Groff the Plaza Theatre became a very popular amusement
resort, splendid steady patronage having been won by the excellent service. It will be remembered that
the Plaza Theatre was purchased a week ago by Frank Genovar. After disposing of the Plaza Theatre
the Groffs had no definite plans in view until the Jefferson Theatre was offered to them. The terms were
acceptable and their many friends will be pleased to learn that they will remain in St. Augustine and will
continue to cater to their amusement.

Without delay work of renovating the Jefferson will begin. It will be placed in first-class condition
throughout and will be ready to open in September.

Changes that will make the house more attractive have been decided upon. Many unique ideas of the
lessees will materialize and the lobby, entrance and interior of the house will be transformed in an
effective manner.

Under the new management the Jefferson will be open the year through. They propose to have it
modeled on the order of the pretentious "movie" theatres of New York. It will be newly equipped
throughout., new machines, new patient curtain and all of the latest appurtenances will be installed.

In September the house will open to the public with motion pictures. All of Subert's picture plays have
been booked already and the promise of superb service is given. Excellent music will be a feature at
every performance. It is the intention of the new management to hold the general admission charge to
five and ten cents.

Residents of St. Augustine are familiar with the Jefferson Theatre and know that it is one of the most
attractive play houses in the South. It lacks nothing essential to a first-class theatre. It is a credit to St.
Augustine and wins much favorable comment from strangers. With this splendid house and their
knowledge of the motion picture business the new managers should make a great success of this venture.

Season at the Jefferson Opens (St. Augustine Evening Record, Jan 7, 1915)
Rea Martin Delights Audience as "Peg o' My Heart."

Jefferson Was Comfortably Filled for First Road Attraction of the Year Last Night.
From the moment that "Peg o' My Heart," the sweet and captivating little Irish girl, appeared on the
stage at the Jefferson theatre last night, carrying "Michael," her pet and playmate, under one arm, the
audience was with her throughout the evening. She was such a charming "Peg" with her flower-like face,
big blue eyes, and long auburn curls that everyone loved her, while her quaint and inimitable way of
saying clever things in her pretty Irish brogue never failed to bring forth applause and laughter.

The part of "Peg" last night was taken by Rea Martin, who was chosen for the character because as they
said, "She won't have to act 'Peg.' she is 'Peg.'" This is certainly true, for one can imagine Miss Martin in
real life as being much such a character as the bright and lovable little Irish maiden who has won all
hearts ever since Laurette Taylor met with such phenomenal success in the role.

Brilliant Production of "Il Trovatore" (St. Augustine Evening Record, Feb. 1, 1915)
Coming fully up to the expectations and anticipations of lovers of fine music in Saint Augustine. "Il
Trovatore" was presented in the Jefferson Theatre Saturday. Not one word too much was spoken in
praise of the Boston English Grand Opera Company in the advance notices given, for it is indeed an
aggregation of talented artists and the whole operas presented by them was thoroughly satisfying with its
attractive stage settings, talented soloists and splendid ?"

Probably this work of the famous composer Verdi is one of the most familiar of all the operas, and it
was delightful to hear favorite parts from the production rendered in their proper setting. Among these
were the famous "Anvil Chorus," and the beautiful but heart rending"Miserere."

Without exception at both matinée and evening performances the roles were sung by the leading artists
with the company. Joseph T. Sheelian famous in the character of "Mantleo," the troubadour, appeared in
that role with Miss Mirth Carmen as "Leonora." A part calling for exceptional dramatic ability as well as
rare musical talent was that of ""Asticena," the gypsy, and this was taken by Miss Elizabeth Jane High.
Able support was given these principals by the other artists and by the chorus.

Despite the fact that the attraction come on Saturday, preventing numbers from attending and that there
were other amusements to distract attention from the operatic production "Il Trovatore" was sung to an
excellent audience and certainly an appreciative one, at the evening performance. There was also an
excellent attendance at the matinée performance. It being especially noticeable that many children were
present. Such a performance of grand opera as given by the Boston English Grand Opera Company is
educational in value, in addition to appealing to the aesthetic sense, and parents of children interested in
music were indeed wise to see that they did not miss this rare treat.

Much credit is due the Messrs. Groff, managers of the theatre for bringing this famous company to Saint
Augustine,  making it the one great event of the season, artistically, so far as musical performances are
concerned. There will be other attractions coining that will not fail to pack the house, but for those really
appreciative of the finest in music and art, the best has come, given unalloyed pleasure and passed on.

"Mutt and Jeff in Mexico" At the Jefferson Tonight (St. Augustine Evening Record, Feb 16,
Gus Hill's new "Mutt & Jeff" production called "in Mexico" is blazing a trail of merriment that has never
been equaled by a play of any sort or character. There seems to be no limit to the possibilities of laugh
producing material to be culled from the famous Fisher cartoons which are now running in more than one
thousand daily and Sunday newspapers throughout the United States and Canada.

This season's offering is entirely new with the exception of the two inimitable droll characters "A. Mutt"
and his little pal. Mr Othello Montgomery Jeffries" As is natural to suppose, fun is the paramount object
of the play, and in that respect as well as from the standpoint of a musical production, "Mutt & Jeff in
Mexico" has no equal in the annuals Mr. Gus Hill has been lavish in his expenditures relative to scenery
and electrical embellishments and it is not at all likely that anything so elaborate has ever been presented
at popular possible.

Cleverly Constructed (St. Augustine Evening Record, February 19, 1915)
George M. Coban's steadily advancing stagecraft is very markedly illustrated in Seven Keys to
Baldpate" which is to be presented at the Jefferson Theatre, Monday matinée and night, February 22.
The play is said to be a very cleverly constructed farce picturing with agreeable satire the possibilities of
"best seller" writing. The piece is on lines quite at variance with previous Coban plays, being in many
respects the most legitimate contribution to the stage from our foremost fashioner of contemporary force
it contains little slang and less Broadway, and altogether is described as being a very skillful farcical

Mr. Cuban has taken the original Biggers' (that really is his name; he used to be a Boston dramatic critic
and he signed his name in reviews with no recorded injury)plot and adapted it quite as cleverly to his
theatrical uses as he did the even more diffuse "Wellingford" stories.

Charity Concert Thursday Night at the Jefferson (St. Augustine Evening Record, Feb 24, 1915)
Great interest is being manifested in the Charity Concert to be given in the Jefferson Theatre tomorrow
night under the direction and leadership of Madame Agnes Nering, the noted soprano. Madame Nering
needs no introduction in St. Augustine audiences who are always glad to hear her wonderful voice. She
will take a prominent part in tomorrow night's program, and will be ably assisted by Miss Amory St.
Amory, the brilliant and talented violinist, whose appearance on musical programs in this city is always
an event of importance.

Mrs. Nering's accompanist will be Prof. Frederick Hardy de Plate, while T. Murley Harvey, I. T. C. Il,
will be the accompanist for Miss St. Amory.

Another feature of the program that will be very pleasing will be readings by Miss Dorothy Mitchell,
student of the Columbian College of Expression in Chicago, and who is especially gifted as an

Then there will be several choruses in which a large number of prominent young ladies of St. Augustine
will take part. There have also been planned several choruses by a number of little folks.  It will,
therefore, be seen that the program is varied and most attractive. The object for which this concert is
being held, namely, the giving of the net proceeds for charitable purposes, ought to appeal to the general
public. The money will be divided between the European War sufferers' fund and the local district nurse
fund. The reserved seats can now be obtained at the Jefferson Theatre box office.

Senator Depew to Speak at Jefferson Thursday Night (St. Augustine Evening Record, Mar 2,
Former United States Senator Chauncey M Depew will deliver an address upon his experiences in the
European war some at the Jefferson Theatre Thursday night for the benefit of the St. Augustine Institute
of Science and Historical Society. All of the net proceeds will go into the society's treasury. Not only
will all who go find the address of intense interest but they will also aid a most worthy cause.

Senator Depew has for many years been interested in the work of the historical society and he offered
to deliver the address in order to assist the organization. Since the destruction of its valuable collections
in the fire last spring it has greatly needed assistance along all lines.

Senator Depew has as usual been spending some time here, a guest at the Hotel Ponce de Leon. He will
be eighty-one years of age this coming April, but as he walks down King street on a bright sunny
morning there is an elastic spring to his step lacking in many a man of thirty. And he is the same clever
speaker of old.

An eventful life has been Mr. Depew's. He graduated from Yale College in 1856, studied law, was a
member of the New York assembly 1861 and 1862, secretary of the state of New York from 1863 to
1865, minister to Japan for a short period, chosen regent of the New York state University in 1874
appointed capital commissioner in 1871, received the degree of LL. D. from Yale in 1887, made the
speech nominating President Harrison in the republican national convention at Minneapolis in 1892,
delivered the oration at the dedicatory exercises at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in
1892 was chosen United States senator from New York in 1899, and has long been one of the most
popular orators in the United States.

Besides his political and legal activities, Mr. Depew also won distinction as a railroad manager having
many years ago been president of the New York Central and also of the West Shore Hallway.

He is personally acquainted with many of the leaders on both sides of the great conflict in Europe and he
had some exciting experiences in getting away from Europe after the war broke out. Of these he will tell
in his inimitable style. A finished orator, he is also possessed of a famous fund of humor.

January 3, 1916
Jefferson Theatre
"The Paramount House."
Seating Capacity 1,000
Afternoons - Two Performances Commencing 2:30
Admission 5 cents and 10 cents

The mightiest spectacle in the history of motion pictures

"Julius Caesar"
A colossal masterpiece featuring Anthony Nevelli and a supporting cast of 20,000

Morning Telegraph
"Pictorially, educationally and artistically, Julius Caesar is a photoplay which should grip the public
attention as few have done. It is a masterpiece of dignity.

January 7th., 1916  Live theatre - "Within the Law" with Bert Leigh and Hazsele Burgess

January 12th. 1916 ,  A rare Artistic Treat
- The great attraction of the season artistically at the
Jefferson theatre will be the appearance of Albert Spalding, who ranks among the world's four great
violinists of the present day, on Thursday evening. January 13th. This great musician will be assisted in
presenting an evening's program by Madame Loretta, Der Valle, an American lyric and colorature
soprano who has won a high place on the concert stages of the continent.

"Everywoman" was splendidly presented (St. Augustine Evening Record, January 18, 1918)
Large Audiences at the Jefferson Theatre Thoroughly Enjoyed this Musical Spectacle

"Everywoman" a modern allegorical drama, fashioned after the ancient morality plays of the fourteenth
and fifteenth centuries, and staged with all the magnificence that Henry W. Savage lavishes upon his
productions was presented Thursday, matinée and night, in the Jefferson before splendid audiences. All
that was said in advance in praise of "Everywoman" was not enough, for as a spectacular, dramatic and
musical production, it is unsurpassed. The stage settings are elaborate the lighting effects unusual and
beautiful, the acting superb, the singers talented, and the orchestral music excellent. All these details
combine to make a production, that is decidedly "unusual." The author of the drama, Walter Brown,
states that "Everywoman" is intended to afford pleasure to all classes of intelligent theatre-goers, hence
the diversity of entertainment offered, with the undercurrent o f realism and truth that makes the drama
one of soul-stirring and gripping action.

The story presented through a series of wonderful scenes and allegorical representations tells of
"Everywoman" and her pilgrimage in quest of Love. Scorning Truth, led by Flattery, and accompanied
by Youth, Beauty and Modesty, she sets forth on her journey. She meets many strange characters, each
of which have their replica in real life, and makes many friends, friends who later prove false and untrue.
It is only after many disappointments, disheartened and disillusioned, that her eyes are able to perceive
the shining beauty and uprightness of Truth, who leads her back to her home and to Love who has been
waiting her in the light of her own fireside. It requires consummate acting to render the various scenes
convincingly, truthfully and beautifully, and the present company portraying "Everywoman" is strong
enough to do this. There is not a weak spot in the cast and every detail of the play is brought out
magnificently. The most elaborate and brilliant scene was the third -- the banquet scene. The most
appealing was undoubtedly a portion of the fourth scene, that portraying the funeral of Youth, when
Charity officiates. The intoning of the musical lines with the organ accompaniment was especially fine.

At both matinée and night performances the part of "Everywoman" was taken by Miss Edna Porter. Mis
Paula Shay, who usually plays the stellar role at the night performances while Miss Porter takes the
matinees was too ill to appear. It would be difficult to imagine a finer interpretation, however, than that
given by Miss Porter, for she is wonderful in her dramatic portrayal of the role.

"Nobody" was played by Percy Parsons and this was a difficult part well portrayed. Mr. Parsons has a
splendid speaking voice, rich, deep and impressive, and this was especially effective in the role which
called for unusual vocal interpretations.

Miss Klea Reed appeared as "Conscience" and in her demure costume of grey and white, was a
beautiful little Puritan maiden. She has a lovely voice, sweet, pure and well-trained, and her solos were a
beautiful part of the scenes in which she appeared. The part of "Passion" was well taken by Townsend
Abern. Mr. Ahern who has a splendid voice also was one of the soloists.

Graduating Class of St. Augustine High School in 1923
The graduating class of St. Augustine High School in 1923 put on the class play at the Jefferson and in
the cast were Hope Foster, Davies Meitin, Harry House, Mabel Poe, Helen Hindry, Elizabeth Jackson
and Harry Eff, among others.

In 1927, a small two-manual Robert Morton theatre organ was installed, (blower number 20290).

Uncle Toms Cabin
On April 26, 1927  Universal released the special film based on Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel at the
Jefferson Theater on Confederate Memorial Day. Large audiences greeted the afternoon and evening
performances. No protests were voiced against the showing of the picture when the engagement was
announced. The film was edited with the scenes of Sherman's "March through Georgia" have been

Uncle Tom was one of the most oft-filmed stories of the silent era (there were at least ten film versions in
the span of 25 years), and prior to that it was a popular stage play.

In 1927, Universal Pictures studio chief Carl Laemmle decided to create the definitive version of Uncle
Tom's Cabin and mounted what was by far the most ambitious film adaptation yet. Universal boasted
that the film cost an astounding $2 million.

Director: Harry A. Pollard
Producer: Carl Laemmle
Screenplay: Harvey Thew and Harry Pollard, based on the novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Cinematography: Charles Stumar and Jacob Kull
Music: Erno Rapee (1928 Movietone score)
Cast: James B. Lowe (Uncle Tom), Virginia Grey (Eva), George Siegmann (Simon Legree), Margarita
Fischer (Eliza), Arthur Edmund Carewe (George Harris), Mona Ray (Topsy), John Roche (St. Clare).

James B. Lowe was an African-American actor who filled in for Charles Gilpin. His stage credits
included Brutus Jones in "Emperor Jones," "Failures," and "Life of Man". Eliza and George and their son
Harry were played by white actors.

First All Talking Will be Shown At Jefferson Theatre (The Hastings Herald, November 2, 1928)
The first actual all talking picture ever exhibited--that is, a picture wherein all the characters speak their
parts, will be presented at the Jefferson beginning Sunday, according to announcement by Manager
Locke Crumley, who is elated over having booked this wonderful entertainment for the pleasure of
Vitaphone patrons in St. Augustine and vicinity.

There is probably no more unique entertainment given in any theatre in the world than that which is
furnished on the screen by Light of New York. It is as fresh as the morning paper at breakfast time and
chases laughter with tragedy and back again to merriment.

Lights of New York has a cast including Cullen Landis, Mary Carr, Gladys Brockwell, and many other
favorites, Bryan Foy directed.

Jefferson Theatre (The Hastings Herald, November 16, 1928)
Sunday, the Jefferson, St. Augustine's Home of Vitaphone and Movietone, is offering Erich Von
Strohelm's stupendous production, "The Wedding March."

All the splendor of European court life, almost overwhelming in its lavish richness, is shown in Erich von
Strohelm's first Paramount picture, "The Wedding March."

The glittering array of the Austrian court at Vienna is shown, the gorgeous display at the world famous
Corpus Christi services in Vienna, with the Emperor Franz Joseph, the nobles, the large military retinue
and the dignitaries in colorful costumes and trappings burst from the screen in great magnificance.

"The Wedding March" tells the story of "Prince Nicki," who is lieutenant in Emperor Franz Joseph's
famous cavalry regiment, the Life Guard Mounted; and the action takes place in and near Vienna in the
hectic days just preceding the outbreak of the World War.

Howard Manucy Writes Famous Musical Score (The Hastings Herald, July, 1929)
"Hearts in Dixie," one of the most talked of motion picure productions is booked for St. Augustine, July
3 and 4, says Manager Locke Crumley, of the Jefferson. It will be of signal interest here to know that
the score and vocal arrnagements for this noted production are the work of Howard Manucy, formerly
of this city, and now of Hollywood, and hailed as a musical genius. The young man is a son of Mr. and
Mrs. Charles D. Manucy, and he married Miss Sara Conniff, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. P. H. Conniff,
of St. Augustine. The following review of "Hearts in Dixie" pays tribute to the musical accompaniment,
and will be of interest here.

At the Jefferson (The Hastings Herald, July 26, 1929)
"The Trial of Mary Dugan," playing at the Jefferson Theatre, Sunday, reaped enthusiastic reviews from
the New York critics at it's Broadway premier.

Unanimity of opinion prevailed that "Mary Dugan" represents the outstanding all-talking film drama. "The
most expert piece of work that has been delivered to the screen," commented the Morning Telegraph,
and other papers expressed a similar opinion with equal force.

Norma Shearer, N. B. Warner, Lewis Stone and Raymond Hackett, the wonderful cast of featurered
players, give outstanding fine performance in this illustration of what the talking picture can accomplish,
Norma Shearer has never appeared before on a "talkie set," but she distinguishes herself by a wonderful
characterization in this very trying role. Little need be need said of the exceptional talent which Warner
and Stone always bring to the screen, they are even better in these speaking parts than in any previous

At the Jefferson (The Hastings Herald, August 23, 1929)
Those film fans who have been waiting for another picture with Greta Garbo and Nils, as the
romantically paired, should be amply repaid in "The Single Standard," which opened at the Jefferson
Theatre, St. Augustine, Sunday, for a two days showing, Metro-Goldwyn's newst offering, a highly
romantic tale.

This filmizzation of the sensational Adela Rogers St. John novel is the first appearance of either Miss
Garbo or Asther since they scored so profoundly in "Wild Orchids," and it is happy coice that brings
them back before their world admirers in the same picture. Miss Garbo, back from a lengthy vacation in
Sweden, gives a lengthy vacation in Sweden, gives the finest performance in her career in this glamorous
vehicle, and in addition to the sandsome and swarthy Asther, she also has Johnny Mack Brown to share
leading man honors. Both Aster an Brown do tremendously fine work in their opposite roles, each
splendidly cast and capable of the difficult parts they portray.

At the Jefferson (The Hastings Herald, October 4, 1929)
"Fast Company" opens at the Jefferson theatre, St. Augustine, Sunday, and will doubtless pack the

"Fast Company" has to do with a "bush league" ball player, Jack Oakie, who plays baseball so well that
he is signed by the Yankees. He leaves his little old home town and is plunged into the fast company of
the city-bred girls and big league players. He becomes the tower of strength on the Yankees and they
win the pennant. Then comes the world series with Pittsburgh. With the deciding game to be played on
the morrow a number of upsetting events project themselves into the pathway of success for Oakie. His
girl turns him down, and a gang of smart gamblers make him their unwitting dupe. All seems dark when a
very happy twist of fate saves the day for the boastful but lovable hero.

Everybody who ever read Lardner's stories, will want to see this picture. It is based on a Ring Lardner
story, and director Sutherland has experted all his directorial ability to have the famous slang dialog of
the great humorist injected into the play. Jack Oakie is what showmen call a "natural" comedian for the
part he plays. He is a bragging, happy-go-lucky, likeable youth, and his comedy-cracks collect
hundreds of laughs.

At the Jefferson (The Hastings Herald, October 11, 1929)
Joan Crawford---star. "Our Modern Maidens," the feature. The heroine of "Our Dancing Daughters"
opens at the Jefferson Theatere as a star in her own right---and in a play that certainly was an auspicious
introducion for a new member of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer galaxy.

Miss Crawford, as the jazz girl, who seeks to bargain with love and wrecks a life happiness in the
attempt, rises to splendid dramatic heights in her scenes with Rod LaRoque and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.,
who play the two principal male roles in the story. Anita Page, Josephine Dunn, Eddie Nugent, Albert
Gran and the rest of the splendid cast are ideally suited to their roles.

His First Talking Picture (The Hastings Herald, October 18, 1929)
All Talking With Heat Effects
John Gilbert
"His Glorious Night"
Delightfully Risque, Darlingly Romantic a Scorching Sensation That Shocked Blase Broadway.

Gilbert is the Perfect Hero in This Reckless, Glorious, Madcap Romance. A Night of Love You'll Not
Soon Forget!

Also -  "Doll Dance" Talking, Singing, in Technicolor Paramount Sound News

At the Jefferson (October 25, 1929, The Hastings Herald)
"The Mysterious Island," which is the attraction at the Jefferson Theatre, St. Augustine, starting Sunday,
provides another splendid example of the patience and courage of motion picure producers. It is in
"technicolor," dialogue and sound, and from the world's famous novel by Jules Verne.

Costing more thant a million dollars to film with every cent of this expenditure in evidence on the screen,
this new Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer spectacle is a tribute to the thoroughness of those whoa re now
making our screen fare.

A staff of camermen totalling 29 experts, men experienced in lighting effects, in color values, in
submarine lighting and perspective, microscopic photographers, was but an item.

"The Mysterious Island" features Lloyd Hughes and Jane Daly as the romantic leads and Lionel
Barrymore as the inventor and Montague Love as a false friend.

Parade of Hits At the Jefferson (The Hastings Herald, November 29, 1929)
Theatregoes of St. Augustine and vicinity have a real treat in store for them during the month of
December when the Jefferson Theatre, always alert to the wishes of it's patrons, will present an array of
pictures that will include more super attractions than have ever been shown in St. Augustine during a
thirty day period.

The following pictures have been booked during this period: "On With the Show," "Return of Sherlock
Homes," with Clive Brook; Alice White in "The Girl From Woolworth's," "The Virginian," George
Bancroft in "The Mighty," "Behind that Curtain," with Warner Baxter; Al Jolson in "Say It With Songs,"
"Street Girl," "The Viking," "Gold Diggers of Broadway," "Four Feathers," Buddy Rogers in "Halfway to
Heaven," and "Rio Rita." A truly great parade of attractions.

I Met Him in Paris
For the 4th of July weekend in 1937 was "I Met Him In Paris" with Claudette Colbert. It was a
romantic comedy. Melvyn Douglas and Robert Young were the leading men trying to win Miss
Colbert's affections.

Noted Decorator in Charge of Work on Jefferson Theatre (St. Augustine Record July 24, 1934)
When redorating now in progress in the lobby and interior of the Jefferson Theatre is completed, the
popular amusement house will be one of the most attractive theatres in this part of the state.

Joseph Fernandez, one of the nation's foremost interior decorators, is in charge of the work, and has
worked out a well-blended, color scheme for the walls and other parts of the theatre.

The lobby of the Jefferson Theatre is being repainted at the present time, and before a few weeks the
marquee and entire front will receive attention. In the interior of the theatre, the upper boxes have been
removed to make room for new ventillation, the "Artic Nu-Air" system, and Mr. Fernandez is applying a
beautiful stencil design to the panels put there.

New drapes harmonizing with the color scheme have been hung in the auditorium and an entire new set
of curtains hanging, and a new traveler curtain have been installed on the stage.

Manager Locke Crumley stated that he expected the work to be completed in about two more weeks.
The redecorating is being done now while the quieter summer season is on, to make ready for the busy
fall and winter season.
Scene from 1927 Uncle Tom's Cabin
Joseph Jefferson as Rip Van Winkle
A.M. Taylor
Joseph Jefferson Jr.
Painted post card version
Claudette Colbert
Material Information
Title:  St. Augustine, St. Johns County, Florida, 1910
Series Title:  Insurance maps of St. Augustine, Florida
Physical Description:  Map
Creator:  Sanborn Map Company
Custom Search
Senator Chauncey Depew
New York
         St. Johns Electric Company Street Car Schedule
                                    (effective January 6th 1914)

South Beach and Alligator Farm
Cars leave bridge every hour at 10 minutes past the hour from 7:10 a.m. to 10:10 a.m. Every 30
minutes from 10:15 a.m. to 5:15 p.m., leaving bridge at fifteen past and fifteen minutes of the hour.

Anastasia and Lighthouse
Same as South Beach except there will be a car at 7:15 and 10:15 p.m. to Anastasia and return,

City Cars
City cars leave bridge on hour and half hour from South Street, North City and New Augustine.
City cars run from 6:30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m.

On Nights when there are special plays at Jefferson Theatre
City cars will wait on King Street opposite Theatre if after regular schedule and thence to South
Street, North City and New Augustine.
Program February, 1915
Jefferson Theater Stage
August 17, 1928
Nov. 16, 1928
November 23, 1928
December 2, 1928
August 30, 1929
August 23, 1929