Return to Port Royal Experiment

Return to New England Freedmen's
List of Branch Societies
The New England Freedmen's Association
December, 1865

The Freedmen's Record December 1865,
(Teachers and Locations - Feb 1865 Society Year founded from January 1865)
  Boston (The Little Society)
also known as Bessie Lehmann's
  Bessie Lehmann
Jane Cooley
Hilton Head, S. C.
Boston (Young Ladies)
Miss Annette Rogers
Miss Lillian Clarke
Louisa Fisher
Elizabeth Condon
  Boston (Arlington-St. Church)
Mrs. Henry Grew
Mrs. E. W. Forbush
Louisa A. Morse
  Boston (Mayhew Society)
Mrs. Charles G. Loring
Miss Horaitia Ware
Esther H. Hawkes
Emma V. Brown
Mrs. E. H. Hawkes
Jacksonville, Fla.
  Boston (Indiana-Street Society)
John H. Stephenson
Miss Tolman
Fanny E. Langford
  Boston (Old South Church)
Mrs. Blagden
Miss Abby Walley
Mary A. Yenter
  Boston (Theodore-Parker F.A.S.)
Miss Sarah B. Otis
Miss Sarah O. Babcock
Arthur T. Morse
Port Royal (May '65)
  Boston (Dr. Nehemiah Adams's)
Mrs. Arthur Wilkinson
Miss Gray
Francis Ellis
  Boston East
Edward F. Porter
E.M. McPherson
  Boston South
Rev. Frederic Hinckley
Capt. H. W. Wilson
Mrs. Charlotte Eastman
Mrs. Samuel D. Herrick (Jan
Miss Eliza B. Choate
Margaret R. Smith
Dr. Frank Bundy
Miss Anne R. Faulkner
Elizabeth A. Ball
  Brattleboro', Vt  (Lovejoy Society)
  Miss Anna S. Higginson
Ellen B. Haven
Elizabeth H. Garland
Charleston, S. C.
  West Brookfield
William B. Stone
Edward S. Philbrick
Rev. William Samson (Jan 1865)
Miss Ellen M. Wellman
Ann P. Merriam
J. Stuart Banfield
Mrs. Ladd
Cambridge (Old Cambridge)
Miss Maria Bowen
Miss Sarah Stackpole
Miss Sarah Ropes (Jan 1865)
Harriet Carter
William F. Allen
Washington, D. C.
  East Cambridge
Anson Hooker
J. M. S. Williams
J. N. Barbour
Mrs. James. W. Yerrington
Mrs. J. O. Hollis
Mary Lane
Eastville, VA
Mrs. John Wells
Miss Sarah Stackpole
Bessy L. Canedy
  Clarkson (family)
  H. G. Frothingham
Hon. George M. Brooks
John Brown
Harriet Buttrick
Edisto Island
Charleston (May '65)
Augustus Mudge
John S. Laroyd
Sarah P. Towns
  South Danvers
Mrs. D. C. Perkins
Mrs. H. F. Osborne
  Dorchester (Barnard F. Aid
Daniel Denny
Mrs. William Pope
S Virginia Lawton
Mrs. Pillsbury
Sarah Clark
Helen M. Ireson
M. G. Kimball (a)
Hilton Head
Norfolk, Va
  Dorchester & Milton Lower Mills
Henry L. Pierce
Mrs. J. Y. Pettee
William H. Allen
Mrs. A. F. Pillsbury
Ellen M. Lee
Selma Wesselhoeft
St. Helena Island
Hilton Head
St. Helena Island
Hilton Head
  Mrs. C. Upham
  Fitchburg Ladies' Society
Mrs. Saraw W. Boutelle
Mrs. S. A. Norcross
Miss H. E. Davidson, M.D.
W. C. High
Letitia Sargent
South Carolina
S. J. Axtel
Mrs. M. H. Jewett
Mary C. Fletcher
Col. Daniel Needham
Mrs. W. H. Hewes
Mrs. R. C. Howe (Jan 1865)
Mrs. A. W. Avery
Angelina Ball
Prof. C. E. Stowe
Mrs. L. B. Lincoln
Rev. Joshua Young
M. B. Day
Mrs. L. B. Lincoln (May '65)
Anna Gardner
  Hollis, N. H.
Mrs. T. G. Worcester
Jerome Wilmarth
E. D. Draper
Frederick Frothingham
Jerome Wilmarth (Jan, 1865)
Sarah P. Lillie
  John-Woolman Society
  Rev. A. J. Church
Lymas Anders
Rev. George Packard, D. D.
Rev. A. J. Church
Octavia C. Page
Samuel H. Virgin
John B. Greene
M. Louise Boyden
Samuel May, jun.
A. H. Cooledge
Sarah E. Chase
Mariana Lawton
Alexandria, VA
  Lovejoy Society
  Frederick Frothingham
W. A. Mandell
N. F. Cunningham
J. W. F. Barnes
Rev. Mr. Reed
Mrs. George Hollingworth
Miss C. E. Cook
  Milford, N. H.
David Heald
Miss E. A. Livermore
  Montpelier, VT
  Mrs. A. R. Reed
  Newton Lower Fall
  Mary A. Murdock
  West Newton
Mrs. J. A. Newell
Mrs. Edward Hinckley
Sarah M. Pearson
  New Bedford
Mrs. Loum Snow
Mrs. John Hastings
James C. Ward
Miss Mary A. Cochran
Eliz. P. Breck
Mitchell, S. C.
Mrs. E. B. Wheaton
Miss M. E. Peabody
Rev. Edward H. Hall
Miss Mary E. Kendall
Martha H. Chase
Norfolk, Va
  Plymouth, N. H.
  Miss Mary E. M. Questen
W. W. Thomas
M. A. Blanchard
July 1, 1863
Roxbury (Lincoln Freedmen's
Mrs. L. C. Bowles
Miss Anna C. Lowell
Lucy Chase
Esther C. Warren
Arthur Sumner
James P Blake
St. Helena Island
South Carolina
W. Roxbury**
Mrs. Charles W. Dabney
Miss Emily Greene
Frances W. Perkins
  Rumney, N. H.
Miss Kate Merrill
Mrs. A. M. Ruggles
Prof. Alpheus Crosby
Thomas H. Johnson
Mary R. Kimball
Sarah E. Lakeman
Roanoke Island
Cutler Downer
F. H. Raymond
Sarah E. Foster
N. B. Fellows
Edson Hannum
Mrs. E. Farrar
Mrs. E. B. Hooker
Elmira B. Stanton
James C. Parsons
T. A. Smith
H. L. Peters
Mrs. Oliver Adams
Mrs. C. P. Fairbanks
Woburn Freedmen's Aid Society
Miss A. G. Carter
Mrs. S. R. Pippy
Anne C. G. Canedy
Greenfield and Deepfield (1)
Mrs. Mary W. Fogg
Mrs. James K. Hosmer
Sarah J. Barnard, died
Augusta, Me.(2)
  Miss Eliza Judd
Harriet R. Smith
Whitney Family (3)
    Elizabeth H. Botume
South Carolina
  Barre (4)
    Sarah G. Brown
  West Newton (5)
Mrs. J. A. Newell
Mrs Edward Hinckley
Sarah M. Peterson
  Middlesex County Teachers'
(1) Greenfield and Deepfield - This was not on the December list; all information is from the February, 1865 The
Freedmen's Record

(2) Augusta, Me - This was not on the December 1865 list; all information is from the February, 1865 The
Freedmen's Record

(3) Whitney Family - This was not on the December 1865 list, all information is from the February, 1865
Freedmen's Record
. This does not appear to be a society.

(4) Barre - Society appears on the April 1865 list. It was not on the December 1865 list.

(5) West Newton Society appears on the May, 1865 list. It was not on the December 1865 list.

(6) Middlesex County Teachers' Assoc. appears on the May, 1865 list. This is the total listing

*The schoolhouse at Mitchell was erected by the Branch Society of Northampton, who adopt one of its teachers.

**FIRST ANNUAL REPORT Of the Roxbury Branch of the New-England Freedmen's Aid Society. (from The
Freedmen's Journa
l  January, 1865)

The first year of the existence of the Roxbury Branch of the New England Freedmen's Aid Society is closed, and we
are entering upon a second year. Let us pause, look back upon our past experiences, and take courage for the

It was more than a year ago, on July 1, 1863, that the first feeble beginning of our society was made; feeble because
only a few were gathered together to make their resolutions; but not feeble because faith in the righteousness of
their cause gave them strength. They judged of the hearts of others by their own; and when, on the bright and
beautiful afternoon of October 1, they met again to choose their officers, and form themselves into a living, working
union, they were not surprised to find that many had responded to their call, in whose hearts the same voice had
sounded. . . .

The plan was simple: it was to form a branch of the "New England Freedmen's Aid Society" (then called "Educational
Commission for Freedmen); and, as far as we could, to help that society in its beneficent labors. We began
immediately to meet once a fortnight to cut, make, and pack garments for the suffering and destitute freed people,
chiefly women and children. But the Freedmen's Aid Society has more enlarged purposes than the direct relief of the
suffering. It devises plans for the moral elevation, the industrial progress and civilization, the Christian instruction of
these hitherto oppressed and ignorant people, who, having entered upon the responsibilities and peril as well as high
privileges of freedom, are like children cast upon our care for training. As Christians, we could not conceive a higher
duty or a more glorious service than to guide, uphold, and lead into the path of true life these "little ones," as dear to
the heavenly Father as the wisest and most cultivated races of the land. For the promotion of these ends, we began
to husband our funds, in order to be able to support a teacher, who should be our teacher, to go in our stead among
these poor people; to visit them in their destitution; to distribute among them the garments we should send; to open
schools to teach them the elements of knowledge; instruct the women to sew and provide for their families, and the
children to be clean, orderly, useful, and happy, — who, besides, should be a friend and guardian to them,
interceding for them when they need protection; visiting them in sickness; providing asylums for them; and seeking
out employment for those able to earn their own subsistence: for the great object, be it remembered, is, not to go on
relieving thenwants in idleness, but rather to stimulate their industry and teach them to be self-relying and self-

But how obtain the means to support our teacher? That was the first question. We were encouraged at once by the
rapid increase of our subscribers. At every meeting, new members were added. We rose from sixty to over two
hundred; but, as our annual subscription had been put at one dollar only, we needed more resources before we
could venture upon our much-desired object. . . .

In November, we undertook the support of a teacher at Norfolk, Va., — Miss Lucy Chase. We were privileged in thus
becoming connected with one of the most efficient, accomplished, and noble missionaries in the field. We opened a
correspondence with her, and from time to time, ever since, have been enlightened, cheered, and inspired by her
beautiful letters, full of practical wisdom and Christian enthusiasm. We constantly receive tributes to her singular
fitness for her post, and her untiring devotion to her work, from men of discernment who have visited her schools,
from her fellow-teachers and her grateful pupils. Besides the usual labors of a teacher, Miss Chase's remarkable
judgment and ability enable her to be the protector and friend of the people she serves, by pleading their cause in
high places, and finding out new ways of relief and employment for them^

Another circumstance rendered Norfolk an interesting point for our labors. In consequence of its vicinity to our
armies, the colored people flocked there; hundreds at a time escaping from slavery, and arriving in the most destitute
condition, and that in midwinter. There, where women and tender little children were heaped together, naked,
helpless, often sick, what more imperative duty for Christian women at home, living at ease and in comfort, than to
send them clothing, and, better still, kind womanly hearts and hands to relieve their necessities 1 Our Society sent to
Norfolk eighteen boxes containing new and old garments, sewing materials, and occasionally books for the schools.

Encouraged by the accession to our means thus received, we at once undertook the support of two new teachers.
Miss Esther C. Warren, at Newbern, was first selected; and, in July, Mr. Arthur Sumner, at Port Royal. At Newbern,
the relief and instruction of the Freedmen have been admirably conducted, under the superintendence of Rev. Mr.
James, and several teachers are stationed there; but none bear a more excellent name for earnestness and quiet
efficiency than our gentle, modest, and faithful Miss Warren, whose pupils, on her leaving them for a short vacation,
signed a petition that she might speedily be returned to them.'

Our third teacher, Mr. Arthur Sumner, at Port Royal, is a gentleman well known in Cambridge and Boston, for his high
principles, pure character, and disinterested spirit of self-sacrifice. We consider it a privilege to have secured his
earnest labors in behalf of our cause. Two years he has already given to the service; and it is one to which he says
he would gladly devote his life. His field is larger than that of most of the teachers. He has several teachers
connected with him, and will take the supervision of their united labors. One delightful feature of the first year's
record of our Society is the perfect harmony that has prevailed in all our meetings and plans, — the more precious
because it has been a truly Christian union. Coming from different religious denominations, we have joined in
Christian love for a common cause. We felt that here was a plain duty, a work that demanded united energies, and
brooked no delay. Here were the suffering to be relieved, the ignorant to be taught the very elements of knowledge,
morality, and Christian life. Our missionaries to them were chosen from every religious denomination,—Baptist,
Methodist, Quaker, &c., all went with the one Book of Life, and in the spirit of the Master. Let us go on thus, and we
shall possess a vital energy and power which cannot fail.

Anna C. Lowell, Sec.

WEST-ROXBURY BRANCH SOCIETY. (The Freedmen's Record, Feb 1865)
The West-Roxbury Branch Society held their first Annual Meeting on Wednesday, Jan.11.

The Report of the Secretary and Treasurer, Miss Emily Greene, was read. She stated that the Society had held
regular monthly business meetings, with extra meetings for sewing, as occasion required. The receipts had been
$693.33 raised by subscriptions and donations, and $240.50 received from a children's fair; making in all $933.83.

The Society selected Miss Frances W. Perkins, of Washington, as their teacher, paying her a double salary, as she
receives neither shelter nor rations from Government: $561.20 has been paid for her support, and for books and
other material for her use. Eight boxes and three barrels of clothing, books, &c, have been sent to Miss Perkins, and
to Camp Stanton in Maryland; and toys and books collected from various families were sent to the children for
Christmas gifts.

(a). Returned

Blank Constitution for Branch Societies - The Freedmen's Record - March 1865


Akt. I. This Society shall be called the

Freedmen's Aid Society.

Am. II. The object of this Society shall be to act as Branch of the New-England Freedmen's Aid Society, by furnishing
contributions of money or of clothing or of other supplies, the money to be paid into the treasury of that Society. Any
branch paying $300 into the treasury are entitled to adopt a teacher, who shall correspond directly with them.

Art. III. Teachers adopted by this Society may be selected from those already at work under the NewEngland Society,
or may be nominated by this Society, subject to the election of the Committee on Teachers of the parent Society.

Art. IV. Any person may become a member of this Society by contributing to its funds.

Art. V. The officers of this Society shall be a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and Canvassing
Committee, who together shall constitute a Board of Directors, who shall be responsible for the efficiency of the

Art. VI. The meetings of this Society shall be held as the Board of Directors may determine, but not less frequently
than once a month.

Art. VII. This Constitution may be amended by a vote of two-thirds of the members present.

Art VIII. The Annual Meetings of this Society shall be held on the day of for the

election of officers and the transaction of other business
The following societies gave money to the New England Freedmen's Aid Society but may or may
not have considered themselves Branch societies.
Ward-Eleven Auxiliary Association
Indiana St. Chapel Freedmen's Aid
Freedmen's Friend Society
Freedmen's Aid Society
Augusta Maine
Newburyport Freedmen's Aid Society
Rev. Mr. Learned's Society
Exeter, N. H.
Friends of the Freedmen
Milford, N.H..