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Teacher Deaths in the Field

American Missionary Association
and National Freedmen Association
Miss Georgiana Warren - Death June 22, 1864 American Missionary Association H5355
Beaufort S. C. June 22, 1864

Rev. Geo Whipple
New York

My Dear Bro

It becomes my painful duty to inform you of the death of our beloved sister Warren! She died on Tuesday morning
the 21st about 8 o'clock at the house of Capt James P Low Q. M. of this post.

Miss Warren had been somewhat ill for a few days previous to her last attack from over working and nervous debility
but was able to ride some 14 miles on Friday previous to her death.

She was taken worse on that night with inflammation of the bowels, attended with great nervous prostration. The best
medical attention and nursing were bestowed upon her, but all in vain. She gradually sank away until she quietly fell
asleep in Jesus.

As we might expect her end was peace. Her rest is with God!

The funeral services were conducted by myself, assisted by Bro French, Gen. Saxton and wife were present and a
large circle of teachers and other friends. We sung at the house that beautiful hymn commencing “Sister thou was
mild and lovely, Gentle as the summer breeze.

We then bore her remains to their quiet resting place, beneath the shade of a beautiful live oak, near by the house
of God.

There we gathered as a band of missionary Teachers around the grave of our dear Sister and united in singing
“Peacefully sleep” )on 24 page of Golden Chain)

It was a scene long to be remembered by those present.

In the background many of our colored friends were gathered, showing by their mournful silence that they were not
uninterested spectators in the solemn scene before them.

Miss Warren was an ernest worker and a devoted Christian. Her heart seemed to overflow with joy and gladness on
account of the opportunity she now had of doing good; She has finished her work and gone home to her rest and

Bro Scovell has communicated the sad intelligence of her death to her Father’s family.

Your brother in Christ.
W J Richardson.

Died at Beaufort S. C. on Tuesday the 20th of June, Miss Georgiana A. Warren, a teacher of the Freedmen in the
employ of the American Missionary Association.

Miss Warren came among us three months since. By her Christian simplicity and ardent piety she gained a large
place in our hearts while with us.

As a teacher she was uncommonly devoted and faithful in her works.

She has finished her work and gone home to her rest and crown. We mourn her loss and pray that the mantle of her
genial ardent piety may rest upon us who remain.
W J. R.

Francis E. Barnard
The first of the teachers/superindentents to die was Francis E. Barnard, at St. Helena Island, October 18th, 1862 of
malarious fever.

Samuel D. Phillips was teacher and superintendent. He died in the same house where Barnard had died, and in a
few days, on the 5th of December 1862, he followed him. Having asked that his pillow might be turned, he uttered the
words, “Thank God,” and died. He had the same funeral rites at the St. Helena Church, and his remains were borne
North to bereaved relatives. Charlotte Forten Grimke would write in her journal: "Has been a sad day. Heard this
afternoon of the death of the young Mr. Phillips, of whom I've already spoken to you. It was very sudden; after only a
few days of illness. Do not know when anything has made me feel so sad. He was a good young man, much loved by
all the people. Saw him last Sunday at church in perfect health. And now he is dead. My heart aches for his poor
mother. He was an only son. It will be a terrible shock to her....Sunday December 7. Poor Mr. P. was buried to-day, or
rather the funeral services were said at the church. The body is to be sent home. Was not well enough to go but Mr.
H. says there were many people there, and that they were much affected. Everybody who knew him loved him."

Rev. Daniel Bowe (from Pierce "The Freedmen of Port Royal" Atlantic Monthly "was an alumnus of Yale College,
and a student of the Andover Theological Seminary, not yet graduated when he turned from his professional studies
at the summons of Christian duty. He labored faithfully as a superintendent, looking after the physical, moral, and
educational interests of his people. He had a difficult post, was overburdened with labor, and perhaps had not the
faculty of taking as good care of himself as was even consistent with his duties. He came home in the summer,
commended the enterprise and his people to the citizens and students of Andover, and returned. He afterwards fell
ill, and, again coming North, died October 30th, a few days after reaching New York. The young woman who was
betrothed to him, but whom he did not live to wed, has since his death sought this field of labor and on my recent visit
I found her upon the plantation where he had resided, teaching the children whom he had first taught, and whose
parents he had guided to freedom. Truly, the age of Christian romance has not passed away!"

Miss Elizabeth Hill (American Missionary February, 1868)
Died, at Hilton Head, S. C., Nov. 28, 1867, Miss elizabeth Hill, from Hingham, Mass.

She had been for some years a teacher of the Freedmen, under commission of this Association, and had returned to
her work, after a short vacation, about a month before she died. She was a good teacher, full of the missionary spirit,
and her loss will be deeply felt by the people with whom she labored.

Rev. Gorham Greely (American Missionary February, 1868)
Died, "In Belgrade, Me., at the residence of his brother, after a long illness, Rev. Gorham Greely, of Oakwood, near
Jacksonville, Fla., and formerly of New York City, aged 66 years." - N. Y. Tribune, Jan. 1.

The above is all we have learned of the death of this beloved Christian brother. Through for some years in feeble
health, he has been a most faithful, devoted missionary to the Freedmen, first at Protsmouth, Va., where his labors
were much blessed, and afterwards in Florida, where he had cast his lot among them. We need no further testimony
than that of his daily life, that he has gone to be with Christ.

Miss Annie Allender (American Missionary March, 1868)
Miss Allender's death took place on the 2nd of December. She left Georgia in June last, being then in such a state of
weakness, that it seemed doubtful if she could bear the long journey. More than once she had fainted in her
schoolroom which she quitted finally, only a few days before setting her face twoard the North. It was distressing to
those around her, to see her wasting strength, and increased sufferings; yet her bright and buoyant spirit held out to
the very last. Some letters which we have been privileged in seeing since her death, give a very touching and
beautiful account of her last days. She faded away gradually; but had no fears, no shrinking from death. She had
learned to look upon it as a blessed deliverance from pain, and as the gate to everlasting life. She spoke freely of
her Saviour and her unwavering confidence in Him, and repeatedly begged her friends to shed no tears over her

Miss Julia M. Marshall (Mrs. Clift) (American Missionary, March, 1868)
To Mrs. Clift, death came so sudden at the last, that there was no opportunity to exchange even a word with her on
the subject. She quitted the work at the close of last year's school term, only to be married to one who was deeply
interested in the welfare of the colored people, and who purposed making his home among them.

On the first morning after their marriage, Dr. C. began a course of Bible reading, and at his wife's suggestion read
the first Psalm. Steadly was the habit kept up, until, a day or two before her fatal sickness, they read together that
touching passage in Ezekiel; "Son of man, behold, I take away from thee the desire of thine eyes, with a stroke--so I
spoke unto the people in the morning, and at even my wife died."

A few hours of sharp pain, a brief season of weariness and stupor, and the happy union of seven months was closed
on earth forever.

Mrs. Clift was peculiarly successful as a teacher of the Freedmen. "Her school was among the prettiest and best
conducted it has been my fortune to see" is the testimony of an eye-witness. She seemed to possess that rare gift in
a teahcer, of securing good discipline, without severity. Perhaps one secret of this was her unusual skill in training
her scholars to sing. She subdued them, controlled them, governed them by music; her own voice the only
instrument by which she acocomplished it all.

Cut off in the midst of life, health and hope, Mrs. Clift's death speaks loudly to us all, saying, That thou doest, do

Caroline E. Jocelyn (Dennett) (American Missionary March, 1868)
This time death has come very near, and taken the daughter of our beloved associate, Rev. S. S. Jocelyn. For three
years she was among our most faithful Christian teachers, first in South Carolina, then in Florida. Fifteen months
ago, she was married to Mr. N. C. Dennett, cashier of the Freedmen's Saving Bank, Jacksonville, Florida, and from
that time has performed much volunteer labor there. She died at Jacksonville, feb. 1st, one week after the death of
her infant. During her brief illness she was much of the time unconscious, and hence said but little in view of
approaching death, yet testifying her love for Christ, and saying "I am ready to go when God calls me." But those
who knew her needed no death-bed testimony: her works had borne abundant witness to her oneness with Christ,
and her love for his work among the poor and needy.

She had, in an unusual degree, won the confidence and love of the colored people, old and young, and with tearful
interest they sought the privilege of strewing her coffin with flowers and planting trees at her grave; and in large
numbers they attended her funeral. "Blessed are the dead, which die in the Lord."

Mary Armstrong (American Missionary August, 1868)
Died on Saturday evening, June 6th, of malarial fever, Miss Mary Armstrong, in the 25th year of her age.

Requiescat in pace."
The funeral of Miss Armstrong took place from the Beach Institute, Savannah, Ga., on Monday afternoon at 4
o'clock. The attendance was immense, the number being estimated at 3,000 persons. The exercises were
appropriate. From the touching funeral address of Rev. I. W. Brinckerhoff, as given in the
Freeman's Standard, we
copy the following extract:

On Saturday last the little band of teahers in Savannah was broken up for the season. Seven of them left in the
steamer for their own sweet homes and dear friends, that they may find rest and renew their vigor for future toil;
three yet remain who expect ere long to follow those who are now upon the sea. But, of that band, one has entered
upon her eternal rest. Her plans were fixed for continuing here her toil through the summer, bu the Master whom she
served has said, "It is enough; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things, enter
thou into the joy of the Lord." And when the angels who minister to the heirs of salvation, whispered, "Sister spirit,
come away," she fell asleep. And none who knew her can doubt that as she entered the pearly gates the blessed
Jesus said to her, "Inasmuch as ye did it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye did it unto me."

Miss Armstrong was an orphan. She had no brother even, and but one sister, a minor, whose home is in the West.
Five years ago she was attacked by a disease of the heart, which clung to her until the end of life, threatening a fatal
issue at any moment. By this disease she was prevented from resting by night or by day, save in a sitting posture.
Though thus dying daily, four years ago our sister came to Port Royal and entered upon the work of instructing the
Freedmen; and when Savannah was opened, she came here and continued her toil until she went to her reward.

Would you read her epitaph; It is written by the pen of inspiration, "She hath done what she could."

Elizabeth M. Snyder - OBITUARY. (National Freedmen, 1866)
In Washington, D. C., on the 18th day of May, inat., Miss ELIZABETH M. SNYDER, aged 26 years.
Miss SNYDER was a daughter of the late Dr. ABEAM SNYDER, of Newville, in this county. Her life has mostly been
devoted to teaching; and moved by an earnest desire to do good in the world, she volunteered her services to the
Freedmen's Association of the State of Pennsylvania, and under their auspices was laboring most successfully for
the instruction of those lately in bondage.
While she was performing her part in this noble work so wisely and energetically as to call forth the warm encomiums
of the officers of the Association, she fell a sacrifice to the cause of humanity and freedom.
The above obituary comes to us in an exchange paper. From a personal interest in its subject, whom we never saw,
but whom we greatly admired for her works' sake, we cannot forbear adding a word in the way of testimony to her
goodness and of sorrow at her loss. She was a gentle-spirited, modest, well-cultured, and heroic Christian lady. She
entered upon the work of teaching the freedmen from a well considered sense of duty. She had duly counted the
cost. She sought neither pecuniary compensation nor newspaper eclat. She had modestly but persistently asked the
writer of this to find her a place where she could quietly and at her own charges make herself useful to the black man
in his efforts to raise himself, and to the country in this crisis of its reconstruction. Such a place was found for her,
and most faithfully and most acceptably did she occupy it. But soon—alas! too soon, as it seemed to her friends—
the summons came that took her away. She folded her hands, and sank to rest, leaving her associates around her,
and her home circle at a distance, to mourn a loss not easy to be repaired.

Other Deaths
There were other deaths: Miss Sarah J Barnard was sent by the towns of Deerfield and Greenfield. She went to
Newbern (another source has Beaufort) and while there became sick and returned home. She had a fever and died
at home.

Mr. Gordon of Tynsboro was stationed with the 5th Cavalry Regiment (Mass) and died at Point Lookout, Md.

William S. Clark of Boston - Port Royal

Elizabeth Ruggles of Milton - Port Royal

W. T. G. Pierce of Melrose - Port Royal

John H. Goodhue of Melrose - Port Royal

Benjamin A. Lincoln of Boston - Port Royal

Mrs. A. F. Carr stationed with the 5th Cavalry Regiment (Mass)

JOSEPH B. COLLINS. (American Freedmen Vol 2, Number 5)
At the regular meeting of the Executive Committee of the
New-York Branch Freedmav's Union Commission, held at
No. 30 Vesey Street, September 16th, it was announced that Joseph B. Collins, Treasurer of the Association, had
died that morning, and profound sorrow was expressed by all present. Strong testimony was borne to the personal
worth and public usefulness of the deceased, and by vote it was ordered that a minute be prepared and entered
upon the record, expressing the sentiment of the Committee on the subject. The following was unanimously adopted:

"In the death of our friend and coadjutor, Joseph B. Collins, the Freedman's cause has lost an earnest advocate,
and this Association one of its most valuable members. He was in the movement from the beginning, and understood
well its significance. Other charities enlisted his sympathies and engaged his efforts, but this lay especially near to
his heart. It was to him more than a charity; it was an imperative national necessity; and as such he labored for it.

"We shall sadly miss him from our councils. His hopeful spirit and courteous manner made his presence always
cheering, and gave added weight to the wisdom of his counsel. Personally, and as & member of the Society, he was
held in the highest esteem, and his departure makes a gap in our ranks which cannot be well filled.

"When such a man dies, the chief compensation for his loss is to be found in the example he leaves behind him. To
this Association this example remains as a stimulant and an encouragement. To his bereaved family, with whom we
deeply sympathize, there will be memories full of consolation and comfort. His uprightness and integrity of character,
his humble, religious trust and faithful obedience to duty, will be recollections which cannot fail to be a solace to his
widow and a rich inheritance to his children."

We may be permitted to add that Mr. Collins combined in a rare measure qualities which are infrequently united. He
possessed that caution, that forecast, and appreciation of difficulties which is so essential to a wise counsellor in the
direction of a great public movement—especially of one encompassed by difficulties so great as those which have
attended the Freedman's movement from the beginning. In no ordinary sense of the term could he be called an
enthusiast. His impulses never ran away with his judgment. At the same time he was, in the truest sense of the word,
a Radical. He had faith in humanity, faith in progress, faith in God. In the darkest hours his courage never faltered.
And we doubt if there has ever been a time when his vote and voice were not earnest for extending the work
according to the needs, with a full assurance that it would not be suffered to fail; an assurance which time never
failed to justifyt