Return to the Port Royal Experiment
The Original Gideonites
List of the First Teachers
who Traveled to
Port Royal South Carolina from New York
March 2, 1862
                                                   The First Teachers
Rev. Mr. Solomon E. Peck (already at Port Royal)  Mr. Rich (already at Port Royal)
Mr. Boyton (already at Port Royal)                       Fred A. Eustis (heir to plantation on Ladies Island)
Harriet Ware   (2)                                                 
Edward W. Hooper (1)
Edward S. Philbrick (4)                                         William Channing Gannett (3)
Geo. H. Blake                                                       Dr. A. J. Wakefield
Jas. F. Sisson                                                       Issac W. Cole
J. W. R. Hill                                                           Jas. H. Palmer
D. F. Thorpe                                                        David Mack
T. Edwin Ruggies (5)                                            J. M. F. Howard
Francis  Everett  Barnard (6)                               Dr. Jas. Waldock
Richard Soule, Jr. (7)                                           Leonard Wesson
Dr. C. H. Brown                                                     James E. Taylor
Daniel Bowe                                                          Wm. S. Clarke
Samuel D. Phillips (8)                                            Jules L. DeCroix (not on Walker's list below)
Geo. M. Wells  (not on Walker's List below)          Mrs. Elizabeth B. Hale
Miss Mena Hale                                                     
Miss Ellen H. Winsor (Nellie) (9)
Miss M. A. Waldeck

Washington and Philadelphia:
Miss Susan Walker  (10)                                         Mrs. Walter R  Johnson
Miss Mary Donaldson

New York:
N. R. Johnson                                                         Geo B. Peck
Harvey Hyde     (not on list below)                          John L. Lathrop
Robert N. Smith                                                      F. H. Cowdeny
Albert Norton   (not on list below)                           Geo. C. Fox
Jas. D. Strong  (not on list below)                           John H Brown
Albert Belamy                                                         Mrs. M. O. Quolff (not on list below)
Mrs. Mary Nicholson                                               Miss Doxy (not on list below)
I. W. Brinkerhoff (11)                                             Theodore Holt (12) (not on list below)
Edmund Price                                                         D. F. Cooper
J. W. Macomber  (not on list below)                        J. P. Greves
J. T. Ashley                                                             Jas Hoy (not on list below)
                                                                     David Fitch (not on list below)
                                                                     Lyman Knowlton
Miss Hannah Curtis                                                 Miss M. Albright (not on list below)
Mrs. Ann Eliza Peck Harlan                                     Miss R. Patton (not on list below)

Susan Walker's List (Attached to her Journal)

1. Edward W. Hooper "Educational commission."    
Not on top list
2. Edward S. Philbrick
3. William C. Gannett
4. George H. Blake
John C. Zachos  (13) Not on top list
6. Dr. A. Judson Wakefield
7. James F. Sisson
8. Isaac W. Cole
9. James W. R. Hill
10. James H. Palmer
11. David F. Thorpe
12. David Mack
13. T. Edwin Ruggles
14. James M. F. Howard " Educational commission."
Not on top list
15. Francis E. Barnard " "
16. Dr. James Waldock
17. Richard Soule, Sr " "
18. Leonard Wesson
19. Dr. Charles H. Brown " "
20. William E. Park
Not on top list
21. James E. Taylor " "
22. Frederick A. Eustis "
23. Daniel Bowe " "
24. William S. Clark
different spelling last name
25. Samuel D. Phillips
Revd Mansfield French N. Y. Society. Not on top list
27. Nathan R. Johnson " "
28. Revd Isaac W. Brinkerhoff "
29. George B. Peck " "
30. Edmund Price " "
31. John D. Lathrop " "  
middle initials different
32. Drury F. Cooper " "
33. Robert N. Smith "
34. Henry A. Cowderry  
different spelling from above
35. Dr. James P. Greves " "
36. John T.Ashley "
37. George C. Fox " "
38. John H. Brown. "
39. Lyman Knowlton " "
40. Albert Bellamy "
41. Ninian Niven "
Not on top list
42. Mrs. Elizabeth B. Hale Boston Society.
43. Miss Mena Hale "
44. Miss Mary Waldock "
different spelling from above
45. Miss Ellen H. Winsor "
46. Miss Hannah Curtis N. Y. Society.
47. Miss Mary Nicholson " "
Mrs. James (Ann Eliza) Harlan "
49. Mrs. A. M. French "
Not on top list
50. Miss Ellen H. Peck " Not on top list
51. Miss Susan Walker Secy Chase.
52. Mrs. Walter R. Johnson "
53. Miss Mary A. Donaldson

Edward W. Hooper was a Harvard lawyer who would serve as personal aide and secretary to Edward L. Pierce
then become a captain on the staff of General Saxton. Later he would go back to Harvard and become its treasurer.

Harriet Ware - Not sure why she is on the top list, not on the second. Willie Lee Rose in Rehearsal for
lists Harriet War as coming in April on the Orient with Philbrick's wife.  Harriet Ware letters would be
included in
Letters from Port Royal edited by Elizabeth Ware Pearson.

William Channing Gannett was twenty-one and another graduate of Harvard (Phi Beta Kappa) He was the son
of one of New Englands foremost Unitarian ministers?? He would stay until 1865. He would become a prominent
Unitarian clergyman and a leader of the Social gospel movement.

Edward S. Philbrick was the son of abolitionist Samuel Philbrick. He was also a graduate of Harvard and a
wealthy contributor to this mission. By the end of the first year he would be instrumental in buying 8,000 acres as a
second approach to the tax sales that sold the land. Some land went to freedmen, some to outside investors, and
8,000 acres to Philbrick's investors.

T. Edwin Ruggles a Yale graduate was the only farmer on board (24 years old)

Francis Everett Bernard became Superintendent of the Edisto Island School on Murray's plantation. He died
on  October 18, 1862 on St. Helena Island.

Richard Soule, Jr was the uncle of Edward S. Philbrick

Samuel Phillips a nephew of Wendell Philips. A graduate of Harvard and a medical student. He would die on St.
Helena from fever in the same house as Francis Bernard.

Ellen H. Winsor (Nellie) one of the youngest members (22) she married Josiah Fairfield, a neighboring
superintendent, on May 7, 1863. She was superintendent of two plantations including the Eustis Plantation. In the
beginning she would be considered the "charge" of Miss Susan Walker.

Miss Susan Walker was one of Secretary Chase's selections. She was well qualified having established an
African American school for Women in D. C. She was one of the Unitarians on board. She would keep a diary of the
first few months.

I. W. Brinkerhoff. He would soon become and ordained Baptist minister. He would be Saxton's Superintendent
of Freedmen in St. Augustine. He would later have a role in the Freedmen's Bureau.

Theodore Holt - was a gardner in New York before becoming a missionary.

John C. Zachos - He would lead a song at the Emancipation Proclamation reading. He became the
superintendent of Paris Island.

(14) Miss Mary A. Donaldson and  Mrs. Walter R. Johnson were sisters.

1. Notice that all the women are in the New York delegation and Chase's list  except the mysterious Harriet Ware.
Mansfield's wife also accompanied the group. Not certain why her name isn't included anywhere on the list.

DoC. 74.
THE first missionary expedition to propagate industry, religion, and education among the contrabands at Hilton Head,
as well as to encourage agriculture and like useful measures, sailed from New-York City March third, 1862. It is
composed of some sixty persons, about fifteen of whom are ladies. Mr. Edward L. Pierce, the Government agent, in
charge of the plantations and contrabands at Port Royal, is to be the directing genius of this association; and from
the experience he has already gained, the selection of that gentleman for the position is considered very judicious.
The duty of the men, who include persons of about every trade and business, will be to take charge of the
abandoned estates of the chivalry, and to direct the labors of the negroes, who are to be employed in such
agricultural pursuits as the cultivation of cotton and the raising of necessary vegetables for the use of the army. The
ladies go with the intention of establishing an industrial school, under the superintendence of the Rev. Mr. French, of
this city. Among the ladies we should mention the name of Mrs. Harlan, wife of the United States Senator from Iowa. It
will thus be seen that the persons composing the expedition do not come from one locality, but hail from Washington,
New-York, Boston, Philadelphia, and other places. Some go as volunteers, but the bulk proceed under the auspices
of the National Freedman's Relief Association of this city, and the Educational Commission in Boston.

The Oath
Each member was obliged to take the following oath of allegiance before being finally accepted: * , do solemnly swear
that I will support, protect, and defend the Constitution and Government of the United States against all enemies,
whether domestic or foreign; that I will bear true and faithful allegiance and loyalty to the same, any allegiance,
resolution, or law of any State convention to the contrary notwithstanding. And further, that I do this with a full
determination and pledge to perform it, without any mental reservation whatever; and further, that I will faithfully
perform all the duties which may be required of me by law. So help me God.

Atlantic, which conveys the expedition, takes out with her a large cargo, consisting of army stores, agricultural
implements, seeds, clothing, sewing-machines, and numerous contributions toward the success of the object.
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