The Original Gideonites List of the First Teachers who Traveled to Port Royal South Carolina from New York March 2, 1862
The First Teachers Boston Rev. Mr. Solomon E. Peck (already at Port Royal) Mr. Rich (already at Port Royal) Mr. Boyton (already at Port Royal) Fred A. Eustis (heir to plantation on Ladies Island) Harriet Ware (2) Edward W. Hooper (1) Edward S. Philbrick (4) William Channing Gannett (3) Geo. H. Blake Dr. A. J. Wakefield Jas. F. Sisson Issac W. Cole J. W. R. Hill Jas. H. Palmer D. F. Thorpe David Mack T. Edwin Ruggies (5) J. M. F. Howard Francis Everett Barnard (6) Dr. Jas. Waldock Richard Soule, Jr. (7) Leonard Wesson Dr. C. H. Brown James E. Taylor Daniel Bowe Wm. S. Clarke Samuel D. Phillips (8) Jules L. DeCroix (not on Walker's list below) Geo. M. Wells (not on Walker's List below) Mrs. Elizabeth B. Hale Miss Mena Hale Miss Ellen H. Winsor (Nellie) (9) Miss M. A. Waldeck
Washington and Philadelphia: Miss Susan Walker (10) Mrs. Walter R Johnson Miss Mary Donaldson
New York: N. R. Johnson Geo B. Peck Harvey Hyde (not on list below) John L. Lathrop Robert N. Smith F. H. Cowdeny Albert Norton (not on list below) Geo. C. Fox Jas. D. Strong (not on list below) John H Brown Albert Belamy Mrs. M. O. Quolff (not on list below) Mrs. Mary Nicholson Miss Doxy (not on list below) I. W. Brinkerhoff (11) Theodore Holt (12) (not on list below) Edmund Price D. F. Cooper J. W. Macomber (not on list below) J. P. Greves J. T. Ashley Jas Hoy (not on list below) David Fitch (not on list below) Lyman Knowlton Miss Hannah Curtis Miss M. Albright (not on list below) Mrs. Ann Eliza Peck Harlan Miss R. Patton (not on list below)
Susan Walker's List (Attached to her Journal) COPY OF LIST OF NAMES OF ALL PERSONS, APPROVED BY MR. PIERCE, WHO WENT DOWN TO PORT ROYAL IN THE ATLANTIC, LEAVING NEW YORK MARCH 3D .
1. Edward W. Hooper "Educational commission." Not on top list 2. Edward S. Philbrick 3. William C. Gannett 4. George H. Blake 5. John C. Zachos (13) Not on top list 6. Dr. A. Judson Wakefield 7. James F. Sisson 8. Isaac W. Cole 9. James W. R. Hill 10. James H. Palmer 11. David F. Thorpe 12. David Mack 13. T. Edwin Ruggles 14. James M. F. Howard " Educational commission." Not on top list 15. Francis E. Barnard " " 16. Dr. James Waldock 17. Richard Soule, Sr " " 18. Leonard Wesson 19. Dr. Charles H. Brown " " 20. William E. Park Not on top list 21. James E. Taylor " " 22. Frederick A. Eustis " 23. Daniel Bowe " " 24. William S. Clark different spelling last name 25. Samuel D. Phillips 26. Revd Mansfield French N. Y. Society. Not on top list 27. Nathan R. Johnson " " 28. Revd Isaac W. Brinkerhoff " 29. George B. Peck " " 30. Edmund Price " " 31. John D. Lathrop " " middle initials different 32. Drury F. Cooper " " 33. Robert N. Smith " 34. Henry A. Cowderry different spelling from above 35. Dr. James P. Greves " " 36. John T.Ashley " 37. George C. Fox " " 38. John H. Brown. " 39. Lyman Knowlton " " 40. Albert Bellamy " 41. Ninian Niven " Not on top list 42. Mrs. Elizabeth B. Hale Boston Society. 43. Miss Mena Hale " 44. Miss Mary Waldock " different spelling from above 45. Miss Ellen H. Winsor " 46. Miss Hannah Curtis N. Y. Society. 47. Miss Mary Nicholson " " 48. Mrs. James (Ann Eliza) Harlan " 49. Mrs. A. M. French " Not on top list 50. Miss Ellen H. Peck " Not on top list 51. Miss Susan Walker Secy Chase. 52. Mrs. Walter R. Johnson " 53. Miss Mary A. Donaldson
(1) Edward W. Hooper was a Harvard lawyer who would serve as personal aide and secretary to Edward L. Pierce then become a captain on the staff of General Saxton. Later he would go back to Harvard and become its treasurer.
(2) Harriet Ware - Not sure why she is on the top list, not on the second. Willie Lee Rose in Rehearsal for Reconstruction lists Harriet War as coming in April on the Orient with Philbrick's wife. Harriet Ware letters would be included in Letters from Port Royal edited by Elizabeth Ware Pearson.
(3) William Channing Gannett was twenty-one and another graduate of Harvard (Phi Beta Kappa) He was the son of one of New Englands foremost Unitarian ministers?? He would stay until 1865. He would become a prominent Unitarian clergyman and a leader of the Social gospel movement.
(4) Edward S. Philbrick was the son of abolitionist Samuel Philbrick. He was also a graduate of Harvard and a wealthy contributor to this mission. By the end of the first year he would be instrumental in buying 8,000 acres as a second approach to the tax sales that sold the land. Some land went to freedmen, some to outside investors, and 8,000 acres to Philbrick's investors.
(5) T. Edwin Ruggles a Yale graduate was the only farmer on board (24 years old)
(6) Francis Everett Bernard became Superintendent of the Edisto Island School on Murray's plantation. He died on October 18, 1862 on St. Helena Island.
(7) Richard Soule, Jr was the uncle of Edward S. Philbrick
(8) Samuel Phillips a nephew of Wendell Philips. A graduate of Harvard and a medical student. He would die on St. Helena from fever in the same house as Francis Bernard.
(9) Ellen H. Winsor (Nellie) one of the youngest members (22) she married Josiah Fairfield, a neighboring superintendent, on May 7, 1863. She was superintendent of two plantations including the Eustis Plantation. In the beginning she would be considered the "charge" of Miss Susan Walker.
(10) Miss Susan Walker was one of Secretary Chase's selections. She was well qualified having established an African American school for Women in D. C. She was one of the Unitarians on board. She would keep a diary of the first few months.
(11) I. W. Brinkerhoff. He would soon become and ordained Baptist minister. He would be Saxton's Superintendent of Freedmen in St. Augustine. He would later have a role in the Freedmen's Bureau.
(12) Theodore Holt - was a gardner in New York before becoming a missionary.
(13) John C. Zachos - He would lead a song at the Emancipation Proclamation reading. He became the superintendent of Paris Island.
(14) Miss Mary A. Donaldson and Mrs. Walter R. Johnson were sisters.
Notes 1. Notice that all the women are in the New York delegation and Chase's list except the mysterious Harriet Ware. Mansfield's wife also accompanied the group. Not certain why her name isn't included anywhere on the list.
DoC. 74. A PEACEFUL EXPEDITION TO PORT ROYAL. DEPARTURE OF MISSIONARIES. THE first missionary expedition to propagate industry, religion, and education among the contrabands at Hilton Head, as well as to encourage agriculture and like useful measures, sailed from New-York City March third, 1862. It is composed of some sixty persons, about fifteen of whom are ladies. Mr. Edward L. Pierce, the Government agent, in charge of the plantations and contrabands at Port Royal, is to be the directing genius of this association; and from the experience he has already gained, the selection of that gentleman for the position is considered very judicious. The duty of the men, who include persons of about every trade and business, will be to take charge of the abandoned estates of the chivalry, and to direct the labors of the negroes, who are to be employed in such agricultural pursuits as the cultivation of cotton and the raising of necessary vegetables for the use of the army. The ladies go with the intention of establishing an industrial school, under the superintendence of the Rev. Mr. French, of this city. Among the ladies we should mention the name of Mrs. Harlan, wife of the United States Senator from Iowa. It will thus be seen that the persons composing the expedition do not come from one locality, but hail from Washington, New-York, Boston, Philadelphia, and other places. Some go as volunteers, but the bulk proceed under the auspices of the National Freedman's Relief Association of this city, and the Educational Commission in Boston.
The Oath Each member was obliged to take the following oath of allegiance before being finally accepted: * , do solemnly swear that I will support, protect, and defend the Constitution and Government of the United States against all enemies, whether domestic or foreign; that I will bear true and faithful allegiance and loyalty to the same, any allegiance, resolution, or law of any State convention to the contrary notwithstanding. And further, that I do this with a full determination and pledge to perform it, without any mental reservation whatever; and further, that I will faithfully perform all the duties which may be required of me by law. So help me God.
The Atlantic, which conveys the expedition, takes out with her a large cargo, consisting of army stores, agricultural implements, seeds, clothing, sewing-machines, and numerous contributions toward the success of the object.