Perez Sanchez House
101 Charlotte Street
St. Augustine, FL


HABS FL-128
HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY
PEREZ-SANCHEZ House
Present Use: Office.

Statement of Significance:
Although the correlation of the existing plan with the sketch plan on the Mariano de la Rocque Map of 1783 (see
"Location Plan;" Sheet #1, HABS measured drawings and historical note "below) is not exact, it is sufficiently close to
warrant the assumption that the basic fabric is the same. That there was a house on the lot at the time of the
Spanish evacuation In 1763 is reasonably certain, although nothing is known of its plan. The owner (1961) states that in
the course of excavation for a well, several tabby floors were encountered in the vicinity of the present structure.

PART I. HISTORICAL INFORMATION
A. Physical History

The building appears on the Juan Elixio de la Puente Map of 1764 (the time of the first Spanish evacuation) as number
205 and is described as "a house of stone" belonging to Dn. Juan de Mata Perez. The plan is shown as L-shaped and
of some size but this is inconclusive due to the generally inaccurate delineation of the De la Puente map. On the
Mariano de la Rocque Map of 1788 the building is shown as U-shaped with a loggia on the rear and while the correlation
is not exact it is sufficiently so to warrant the conclusion that the present structure represents a part of this building. This
Is listed as the property of Juan Joseph del Toro.

In the property appraisals c. 1803 the building is given as belonging to Dona Josefa Espinosa and on the Clements'
Survey of 1834 as the property of Jesse Fish and the heirs of Joseph Sanches. The present owner's abstract has been
traced back to Jesse Fish.

I. Original and subsequent owners:
1764 Don. Juan de Mata Perez  (Juan.Elixio de la Puente Map, 1764; photostat copy in St. Augustine Historical Society
Library)

1783 Juan Josepf del Toro (Mariano de la Rocque Map, 1785; photostat in St. Augustine Historical Society Library)

1800 Dona Josefa Espinosa (property appraisal c. 1803; copy St. Augustine Historical Society Library)

1834 Jesse Fish, heirs of Joseph Sanchez (Map of St. Augustine, Interior Land Office. Benj. Clements and S. B.
Clements,1834; copy in St. Augustine Historical Society Library)

Mrs. Snow's Abstract gives a list of various owners after 1834 in which it is difficult to separate the lot on which this
building stands from the rest of the Snow half block.

1905 Mrs. Eliaa B. Joseph acquires all of the property.
(Snow Abstract)

1921 Mrs. Elbridge G. Snow.


2.
Date of erection: Unknown; "built in part probably in the mid-eighteenth century.

3.
Architect and builder: Unknown.

4.
Original plans: None known, unlikely of recovery.

5. Notes on alterations and additions: Original walls still stand in part and arches at rear are of the 1790's. Many
alterations during years, openings changed and relocated, part of building demolished, wooden second story added
and then removed, plan altered, etc.

Restored and partially rebuilt 1963-64.

6. Important old views
: Photo (n.d.) showing wooden second floor with balcony (St. Augustine Historical Society).
Photograph of Charlotte Street (prior to 1892; St. Augustine Historical Society).

7. Sources of information:

Juan Elixio de la Puente Map, 1764 (photostat in library of St, Augustine Historical Society)

Mariano de la Rocque Map, 1788 (photostat in library of St. Augustine Historical Society)

Clements Survey, 1834- (St. Augustine Historical Society)

Property appraisals, c. 1803 (St. Augustine Historical Society)

Mr. Arthur Marsh, son of Mrs. Elbridge G. Snow, 69 Valencia Street, St. Augustine, Florida.

Prepared by Henry C. Edwards
Architect
National Park Service
August 1961

Edited and updated "by John C. Poppeliers
Architectural Historian
National Park Service
March 1965

Supplemental Material: The following report was compiled from research undertaken for the St. Augustine Historical
Restoration and Preservation Commission:

1. 1764 Puente map shows; #205: House of stone of Don- Juan de Mats Perez....20x29

2. 1765 Moncrief map shows: Mr. Fish.

3. Mr. Fish account book says: "No entries/1 but we can read on Reel 5, Testamentary Proceedings:
"Florida, N. 14 Year 1808:" Florida, N. 14

Year 1808—,!
Incidents to the proceedings of the meeting of creditors caused by the death of Jesse Fish: soliciting Don Bernardino
Sanchez in the name and as one of the heirs of Dona Josefa de Torres, his grandmother, that Fish must satisfied
to him the products resulted of the two houses of the property of the aforementioned at the time that Fish had rented
them."

Note: So you can see that although Mr. Fish didn't sell the houses, he rented them.

4. 17S8 Rocque map shows; #127—House of masonry and flat roof, in fair condition.,
rented by D. Bernardino Sanchez to Juan Joseph del Toroj with its lot.

5. 1790 Quesada's List.
#27—Rubble-work masonry house of Josefa Espinosa with deed,

6. 1808 Incidents to the proceedings of meeting of creditors caused by the death of D. Jose' Fish: D. Jose*
Sa'nches claiming as testamentary executor and one of the heirs of Dona Josefa Espinosa., already dead,,
the amount of four hundred and forty seven pesos five and one fourth reales.

Testament of Dona Josefa de Espinosa.
a. Place and date:
St. Augustine, Oct. 6, 1797.

b. Clauses:

1st. I declare have been married and having had the veiling ceremony according with the orders of our Holy Mother the
Church with D. Juan de Mate Perez, who died about twenty-two years ago, having been married to him about thirty,
without any heirs.

4th. I declare that and possess as my properties one fourth of a house located in this City on the Calle Real (King
Street) which was inherited from my dead parents, but from the whole of it must be reduced the arches and columns
which are nev; and were made as suplements [sic] by Dn. Jose' Sanches my nephew, this is what I manifest in order to
recorded.

c. Different Notes:
Don Juan de Mata Perez had been a pilot; he had given nothing into his marriage, and he had recorded his will in
Havana leaving his profits to his wife as his heir.

Source: Testamentary Proceedings, Microfilm Reel 5,
St. Augustine Historical Society Library.
Prepared by Dr. Jose A, Cubenas, Research Assistant
St. Augustine Historical Restoration and
Preservation Commission - Summer 1964

PART II. ARCHITECTURAL INFORMATION
A. General Statement:

1. Architectural interest and merit: Despite alterations through the years, this building is probably the best
existing example of a St, Augustine house of the First Spanish Period. The detail on the arches in the rear is unique in
St. Augustine.

2. Condition of fabric; Generally maintained; arches of former loggia partly ruinous.

Description of Exterior;
1. Number of stories: One.

2. Number of bays; Three-bay front.

3. Over-all dimensions: 57, -2" (front) x 31, -5".

4. Layout, shape; Shallow "U"-shape.

5. Foundations: Coquina blocks. [Note: "Coquina" is local shellstone quarried on nearby Anastasia Island and used
for construction in St. Augustine since 1580 (letter to King from Governor Pedro Menendea Marquez^ December 27,
1583).]

6. Wall construction: Coquina blocks laid in roughly horizontal courses in lime mortar plastered inside and out. Some
"brick patching, jack arches, etc., all later.

7. Porches, etc.: None. Terrace and free-standing arches in rear are remains of former covered loggia.

8. Chimneys: None now existing.

9. Openings:
a. Doorways and doors: All exterior doors are modern replacements of various types. Simple masonry
plastered openings with wooden lintels except main door on Charlotte Street elevation, which has a projecting masonry
frame. Openings for garage doors are a recent alteration,

b. Windows and shutters: Two-over-two-light, doublehung,wooden sash windows on Charlotte Street; casement
windows on rear and in brick addition (all modern replacements). None of the windows have shutters.

10 Roof
a. Shape and covering: Low hipped roof with modern Spanish clay "tile covering."

b. Eaves: Low parapet on Charlotte Street (west) and north; open eaves, exposed rafters on east and west.

c. Dormers: None.

C. Description of Interior:
1. Floor plan: Garage, storage room^ three-room apartment; original plan not apparent.

2. Stairways: None.

3. Flooring: Cement and wooden hoard flooring (all modern).

4. Trim: Front windows have 4" unmolded wooden trim; other openings have plaster reveals. Simple baseboards.

5. Hardware: All modern replacements.

6. Lighting: Electric.

7. Heating: Electric.

D. Site:

1. Orientation: House faces west on Charlotte Street; located directly on sidewalk of Charlotte Street and on side street
(Treasury Street). Note: Building is a separate structure hut is part of the residential property of Mrs. Snow which fronts
on Bay Street and Matanzas Bay.

2. Enclosures: Part of residential group on large enclosed lot.

3. Landscaping: None. Informal planting in rear is part of Snow property.

Prepared by Henry C. Edwards
Architect
National Park Service
August 1961
Historic American Buildings Survey Prime A. Beaudoin, Photographer August 1961
GENERAL VIEW (CHARLOTTE STREET SIDE) FROM NORTHWEST -
Perez-Sanchez House, 101 Charlotte Street, Saint Augustine, St. Johns County, FL
Historic American Buildings Survey Prime A. Beaudoin, Photographer August 1961
CHARLOTTE STREET SIDE FROM THE SOUTHWEST -
Perez-Sanchez House, 101 Charlotte Street, Saint Augustine, St. Johns County, FL
Historic American Buildings Survey Prime A. Beaudoin, Photographer August 1961
VIEW OF ARCHES (REAR ELEVATION) FROM SOUTHEAST -
Perez-Sanchez House, 101 Charlotte Street, Saint Augustine, St. Johns County, FL
Historic American Buildings Survey Prime A. Beaudoin, Photographer August 1961
ARCHES (REAR ELEVATION) FROM SOUTHWEST -
Perez-Sanchez House, 101 Charlotte Street, Saint Augustine
February 1965 ARCHES (REAR ELEVATION) FROM THE SOUTH POST -
'RESTORATION' -
Perez-Sanchez House, 101 Charlotte Street, Saint Augustine,
Historic American Buildings Survey Prime A. Beaudoin, Photographer August 1961
REAR ARCADE DETAIL -
Perez-Sanchez House, 101 Charlotte Street, Saint Augustine, St. Johns County, FL
Mrs. E.G. Snow House, 101 Charlotte St., St. Augustine, St. Johns County, Florida
Mrs. E.G. Snow House, 101 Charlotte St., St. Augustine, St. Johns County, Florida
The intersection of Charlotte Street and Treasury Street with the Perez Sanchez
House on the right, looking North, ca. 1888
University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
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