Blockading the Atlantic Coast
in the Civil War
Capture of Hatteras
Scott's Programme of Combined Operations.
Prior to General Scott's retirement from the position of General-in-Chief, he had fully arranged the entire winter's
campaign. Among other military strokes he had, in conjunction with the Navy Department, planned the several combined
land and sea expeditions which resulted so gloriously to the cause of the Government, viz.: those against the forts at
Hatteras Inlet, Port Royal, and Mississippi River (New Orleans). The first conception of these enterprises came from his
room at the War Office; and in his room were they arranged in detail. They were designed to prelude the grand
movements of the winter, of the armies of the east and west — avant couriers of coming events. If they now stand
alone—as having no relation to advances into the interior and down the Mississippi River—it is only because Scott's
plans were but partially carried out.

In the
expedition to Port Royal it is true the commanders chose the point of attack after the squadron left Fortress
Monroe, and that its leading object was to secure one or two good harbors of refuge where the blockading vessels might
find a depot and safe resort during the winter; but, any point chosen—Bull's Bay, Winyaw Bay, Port Royal, Charleston or

The first critical spot on the mission to blockade the Confederacy was Cape Hatteras.

General Butler's Hatteras Expedition Report
Flag Ship
Minnesota, August 30,1861.

Major-General John E. Wool, Commanding
Department of Virginia:

General: Agreeably to your orders, I embarked on the transport steamers
Adelaide and George Peabody, five hundred
of the Twentieth regiment New York Volunteers, Col. Weber commanding; two hundred and twenty of the Ninth regiment
New York Volunteers, Col. Hawkins commanding; one hundred of the Union Coast Guard, Capt. Nixon commanding; sixty
of the Second United States Artillery, Lieut. Larned commanding, as a force to operate in conjunction with the fleet,
under command of Flag Officer Stringham, against the rebel forts at Hatteras Inlet.

We left
Fortress Monroe on Monday, at one o'clock p. M. The last ship of our fleet arrived off Hatteras Inlet about four
o'clock Tuesday afternoon. Such preparations as were possible for the landing were made in the evening, and at
daylight next morning dispositions were made for an attack upon the forts by the fleet, and for the landing of the troops.
Owing to the previous prevalence of southwest gales, a heavy surf was breaking on the beach. Every effort was made to
land the troops, and after about three hundred and fifteen were landed, including fifty-five marines from the fleet and the
regulars, both the iron boats upon which we depended were swamped in the surf, and both flat-boats stove, and a brave
attempt made by Lieut. Crosby, of the U. S. Army, (serving with the army as post captain at
Fortress Monroe,) who had
volun'teered to come down with the steam-tug
Fanny, belonging to the army, to land in a boat from the war steamer
Pawnee, resulted in the beaching of the boat, so that she could not be got off. It was impracticable to land more troops
because of the rising wind and sea. Fortunately, a twelve-pound rifled boat gun, loaned us by the flag-ship, and a
twelve-pound howitzer were landed, the last slightly damaged. Our landing was completely covered by the shells of the
Monticello and the Harriet Lane. I was on board the Harriet Lane, directing the disembarkation of the troops, by means
of signals, and was about landing with them at the time the boats were stove.

We were induced to desist from further attempts at landing troops by the rising of the wind, and because, in the mean
time, the fleet had opened fire upon the nearest fort, which was finally silenced, and its flag struck. No firing had opened
upon our troops from the other fort, and its flag was also struck. Supposing this to be a signal of surrender, Col. Weber
advanced his troops, already landed, upon the beach. The
Harriet Lane, Capt. Faunce, by my direction, tried to cross
the bar to get in the smooth water of the inlet, when fire was opened upon the
Monticello (which had proceeded in
advance of us) from the other fort. Several shots struck her, but without causing any casualties, as I am informed. So
well convinced were the officers of both army and navy that the forts had surrendered at this time, that the
Susquehanna had towed the frigate Cumberland to an offing. The fire was then reopened—as there was no signal from
either—upon both forts. In the mean time, a few men from the " Coast Guard" had advanced up the beach, with Mr.
Wiegel, (who was acting as volunteer aid, and whose gallantry and services I wish to commend,) and took possession of
the smaller fort, which was found to have been abandoned by the enemy, and raised the American flag thereon. It had
become necessary, owing to the threatening appearance of the weather, that all the ships should make an offing, which
was done with reluctance, from necessity, thus leaving tho troops upon shore—a part in possession of the small fort,
(about seven hundred yards from the larger one,) and the rest bivouacked upon the beach, near the place of landing,
about two miles north of the forts. Early the next morning the
Harriet Lane ran in shore for the purpose of covering any
attack upon the troops. At the same time a large steamer was observed coming down the Sound, inside the land, with
reinforcements for the enemy, but she was prevented from landing by Capt. Johnson, of the "Coast Guard," who had
placed the two guns from the ship and a six-pounder captured from the enemy in a small sand battery, and opened fire
upon the rebel steamer.

At eight o'clock the fleet opened fire again, the flag ship being anchored as near as the water allowed, and the other
ships coming gallantly into action. It was evident, after a few experiments, that our shot fell short. An increased length of
fuse was telegraphed, and firing commenced with shells of fifteen seconds fuse. I had sent Mr. Fiske, acting aide-de-
camp, on shore, for the purpose of gaining intelligence of the movements of the troops and of the enemy. I then went
with the "
Fanny," for the purpose of effecting a landing of the remainder of the troops, when a white flag was run up from
the fort. I then went with the "
Fanny" over the bar into the inlet. At the same time the troops, under Colonel Weber,
marched up the beach, and signal was made from the flag ship to cease firing. As the "Fanny " rounded in over the bar,
the rebel steamer "
Winslow" went up the channel, having a large number of secession troops on board, which she had
not landed. We threw a shot at her from the "
Fanny," but she proved to be out of range. I then sent Lieut. Crosby on
shore to demand the meaning of the white flag. The boat soon returned, bringing Mr. Weigel, with the following written
communication from Samuel Barron, late captain in the United States Navy:

Fort Hatteras, August 29,1861. "Flag officer Samuel Barron, C. S. Navy, offers to surrender Fort Hatteras, with all the
arms and munitions of war. The officers allowed to go out with side arms, and the men without arms to retire. S. Bakron,
"Commanding Naval Defence,
Va. and N. Carolina."

And also a verbal communication stating that he had in the fort six hundred and fifteen men, and a thousand more within
an hour's call, but that he was anxious to spare the effusion of blood. To both the written and verbal communications I
made the reply which follows, and sent it by Lieut. Crosby:

Memorandum. "Benjamin F. Butler, Major-General United States Army, commanding, in reply to the communication of
Samuel Barron, commanding forces at Fort Hatteras, cannot admit the terms proposed. The terms offered are these:
Full capitulation, the officers and men to be treated as prisoners of war. No other terms admissible.
"Commanding officers to meet on board flagship
Minnesota, to arrange details."
August 9,1861.

After waiting three-quarters of an hour Lieut. Crosby returned, bringing with him Capt. Barron, Major Andrews, and Col.
Martin, of the rebel forces, who, on being received on board the tug
Fanny, informed me that they had accepted the
terms proposed in my memorandum, and had come to surrender themselves and their command as prisoners of war. I
informed them that, as the expedition was a combined one from the army and navy, the surrender must be made on
board the flag-ship to Flag-officer Stringham, as well as to myself. We went on board the
Minnesota for that purpose.
On arriving there the following articles of capitulation were signed, which I hope will meet your approval. [See Com.
Stringham's Report.]

I then landed, and took a formal surrender of the forts, with all the men and munitions of war, inspected the troops, to
see that the arms had been properly surrendered, marched them out, and embarked them on board the
Adelaide, and
marched my own troops into the fort, and raised our flag upon it, amid the cheers of onr men and a salute of thirteen
guns, which had been shotted by the enemy. The embarkation with the provisions captured, about five days' rations for
the use of the troops.

On consultation with Flag-officer Stringham and Commander Stellwagen, I determined to leave the troops and hold the
fort, because of the strength of the fortifications and its importance, and because, if again in the possession of the
enemy, with a sufficient armament, the very great difficulty of its capture, until I could get some further instructions from
the Government. Commodore Stringham directed the steamers
Monticello and Pawnee to remain inside, and these, with
the men in the forts, are sufficient to hold the position against any force which is likely, or indeed possible, to be sent
against it. The importance of the point cannot be overrated. When the channel is buoyed out, any vessel may carry
fifteen feet water over it with ease. Once inside, there is a safe harbor and anchorage in all weathers. From there the
whole coast of Virginia and North Carolina, from Norfolk to Cape Lookout, is within our reach, by light draft vessels,
which cannot possibly live at sea during the winter months. From it offensive operations may be made upon the whole
coast of
North Carolina to Bogue Inlet, extending many miles inland to Washington, Newbern, and Beaufort. In the
language of the chief engineer of the rebels, Colonel Thompson, in an official report, "it is the key of the Albemarle." In
my judgment it is a station second in importance only to
Fortress Monroe on this coast. As a depot for coaling and
supplies for the blockading squadron, it is invaluable. As a harbor for our coasting trade, or inlet from the winter storm,
or from pirates, it is of the first importance. By holding it, Hatteras light may again send forth its cheering ray to the storm-
beaten mariner, of which the worse than vandalism of the rebels deprives him. It has but one drawback—a want of good
water—but of that a condenser, like the one now in operation at
Fortress Monroe, at a cost of a few hundred dollars, will

I append to this report a statement of the prizes which have been taken into that "inlet" within a few days, compiled from
the official documents captured with tho fort. I add hereto an official report of the chief engineer of the coast defences of
the rebels. Please find also appended a statement of the arms and munitions of war captured with the fort, as nearly as
they can be ascertained.

While all have done well, I desire to speak in terms of especial commendation, in addition to those before mentioned, of
the steadiness and cool courage of Col. Max Weber, who we were obliged to leave in command of a detachment of
three hundred men on a strange coast, without camp equipage or possibility of aid, in the face of an enemy six hundred
strong, on a dark and stormy night; of Lieut.-Col. Weiss, who conducted a reconnoissance of twenty men; of the daring
and prompt efficiency of Capt. Nixon, of the " Coast Guards," who, with his men, occupied "Fort Clark" during the first
night, although dismantled, in the face of an enemy of unknown numbers. I desire to commend to your attention Capt.
Jardine, of the New York Ninth, who was left in command of the detachment of his regiment when the unfortunate
casualty to the Harriet Lane prevented Col. Hawkins from landing.

Permit me to speak of the efficiency of the regulars under Lieut. Larned, who worked zealously in aiding to land their
comrades, of the volunteers, overwhelmed with the rolling surf. I desire especially to make acknowledgments to Messrs.
Weigel and Durivage, volunteer aids, who planted the American flag upon Fort Clark, on the second morning, to indicate
to the fleet its surrender, and to prevent the further wasting of shells upon it—a service of great danger from the Are of
their own friends. I make honorable mention of young Fiske, who risked his life among the breakers, being thrown on
shore, to carry my orders to the troops landed, and to apprise them of the movements and intentions of the fleet; also,
my thanks for the valuable aid of Capt. Haggerty, who was employed in visiting the prizes in the harbor while we were
agreeing upon the terms of capitulation.

Of the services to the country of the gentlemen of the navy proper, I may not speak, for one ought not to praise when ho
has no right to censure, and they will be appropriately mentioned, I doubt not, by the commander, who is capable of
appreciating their good conduct. But I am emboldened to ask permission, if the Department shall determine to occupy
the point as a permanent post, that its name may bo changed, by general order, from Fort Hatteras to Fort Stringham.
But, of those gentlemen who served under my immediate command, I may make honorable mention, as I have before
done, of tho zealous, intrepid, and untiring action of Lieut. Crosby, who took an armed canal boat (the steam-tug
Fort Monroe) to Hatteras Inlet, in order that the expedition might have the aid of a steamer of the lightest draft.
Capt. Shuttleworth, of the marine corps, deserves well for his loyalty and efficiency in his active detachment of marines.
Much of the success of the expedition is due to tho preparation of tho transport service by Commander Stellwagen, and
the prompt presence of mind with which he took the troops from their peril, when the
Adelaido touched on the bar, is a
rare quality in an officer in danger.

Although Capt. Faunce, of tho
Pawnee service, now in command of the Harriet Lane, was unfortunate enough to get his
vessel on one of the numerous sand bars about the inlet, it happened, I believe, in consequence of a determination,
creditable in him, to aid me by being near to cover the troops in landing. Captain Lowry, who had the
George Peabody
in charge, brought in his vessel with safety, with the troops, who were pleased with his care and conduct. He still remains
at the inlet.

In fine, General, I may congratulate you and the country upon a glorious victory in your department, in which we
captured more than seven hundred men, twenty-five pieces of artillery, a thousand stand of arms, a large quantity of
ordnance stores, provisions, three valuable prizes, two light boats, and four stand of colors, one of which had been
presented within a week by the ladies of Newbern, North Carolina, to the " North Carolina Defenders."
By the goodness of that Providence which watches over our nation, no one of the fleet or army was in the least degree

The enemy's loss was not officially reported to us, but was ascertained to be twelve or fifteen killed and thirty-five

I enclose herewith the official report of the rebel wounded, by Dr. Wm. M. King, of the United States storeship

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, Benj. F. Butler,
Major-General United States Army,
Com. Volunteers.

Report of Col. Weber
Maj.-Gen. John E. Wool.
Fort Hatteras, Sept. 5, 1861.
Major- General Butler:—

Sir: I take the first opportunity which is offered to me by the arrival of a steamer from
Fortress Monroe, to report to you
the action of the troops who were landed and acted under my command in the capture of Fort Hatteras.

On Wednesday morning, the 29th ult., at ten o'clock, the landing of troops commenced; the surf was running very high,
and continued to run higher and higher, so that but three hundred and eighteen men could be landed. The condition of
these troops was, of course, a very bad one ; all of us were wet up to the shoulders, cut off entirely from the fleet, with
wet ammunition and without any provisions, but still all had but one thought—to advance.

I appointed Capt. Von Doehn of the Twentieth regiment, who has been Acting-Adjutant of Camp Hamilton for the last
three months, to act also here in that capacity, had the troops formed in line, counted, and reported to me as follows I
Forty-five men of the regiment, Capt. Lamer and Lieut. Loder; forty-five men of marine soldiers of the Minnesota; sixty-
eight men Ninth regiment N. Y. V., Capt, Jardine; one hundred and two men Twentieth regiment N. Y. V.; twenty-eight
men Union Coast Guard, Capt. Nixon; twenty men, sailors, (artillery:) making a total of three hundred and eighteen men.
I had all reason to be very cautions, having but a small force, and the more as we saw the enemy reinforce the fort all
the time.

Our distance from the first fort (Clark) was about three miles. I sent Lieut.-Col. Weiss with twenty men of the Twentieth
regiment to make a reconnaissance, and ordered Lieut. Weigel (ordnance officer of Gen. Butler's staff) to accompany
him. The latter soon returned with the report that Lieut.-Col. Weiss took one cannon, (dismounted,) and that the troops
commenced to evacuate the first fort. I then ordered Capt. Von Doehn and Capt. Hoeffling's company of the Twentieth
regiment to reinforce Lieut.-Col. Weiss, and to take possession of the fort, (Clark.) This order was carried out
immediately. Lieut.-Col. Weiss occupied the fort, took himself the first secession flag, and hoisted the American.
Myself followed with the rest of tho troops, when the navy commenced firing upon us, shells bursting right over us and in
our midst, so that a further advance was impossible. Two shells burst in the fort, wounding one of my men slightly on the

I still held the fort occupied, sent an American flag along the beach, and tho firing ceased.

I then ordered Capt Nixon, with eighty men of his command, to take possession of the fort during the night, put out
pickets toward the second fort, and to watch tho enemy very carefully. Capt. Jardine, with his company, occupied the
beach near the second fort, in order to prevent the enemy from cutting off our troops in the first fort; and myself, with the
rest of the troops, retreated to the landing place, where we bivouacked. During the night nothing of importance
occurred. The next morning, as soon as the firing of the fleet commenced, I advanced with all my forces, ready to take
the second fort as soon as the firing would cease. I ordered Capt. Myers' company and Adjuntant Kluckhuhn of the
Twentieth regiment, to cross the beach where the camp of the enemy was evacuated. A color and quartermaster's stove
were found there. (The color was afterward delivered to Com. Stringham, who claimed the same.)

A rifled six-pounder was also landed, and I ordered Lieutenant Johnson, of the Union Coast Guard, to advance with it as
far as possible, and to fire upon the secession steamers, which was done with great success; they soon left entirely. We
remained thus four hours in this position, the shells bursting over us, when at last the white flag was hoisted on the
second fort. Captain Nixon, the nearest to the fort, prepared immediately to meet the enemy, and was the first who
entered the fort. Lieutenant-Colonel Weiss, Captain Van Doehn, and myself followed; the troops remained at fifty yards'
distance from the fort. I ordered also the surgeons, Dr. Fritz, of the Twentieth regiment, Dr. Humphrey, of the Ninth
regiment, and Dr. King, of the Navy, to assist dressing the wounded.

I take also the opportunity of mentioning Captain Larner and Lieutenant Loder, and the marine officers, who have
rendered mo great assistance; and I am greatly obliged to them for their support during the whole expedition.
Though the troops of my regiment had but little occasion to distinguish themselves, I think it still my duty to say that all of
them did their duty in every respect.

I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, Max Weber,
Colonel commanding Fort Hatteras.

Camp Hatteras, September 3,1861.
We, the undersigned, officers and men of the above regiment, certify herewith, upon honor, that Lieutenant-Colonel
Francis Weiss, of the above regiment, headed us in the assault on Fort Clark, near Camp Hatteras, on Wednesday,
August 28th, between the hours of three and five o'clock in the afternoon; that he was the first one who entered, taking
the secession flag from the rampart, and securing two six-pounders and five thirty-two pounders, during a very heavy
fire between the enemy and our fleet for more than one hour and a half, in behalf of the United States of North America.
We further testify that nobody except this body, respectfully signed, ever before us entered the above-named fort, and
declare herewith, upon oath, that the flag which was taken personally by Lieut.-Col. F. Weiss is the true and right one
which waved upon the fort, .and was given them back by the United States Navy upon representation of this regiment,
as a token of respect and acknowledgment for the important service so rendered.

We further declare, upon oath if necessary, that if any other person has reported otherwise, this person, whoever he
was, made a gross misrepresentation—all being due in Fort Clark only to Lieutenant-Colonel F. Weiss, of tho Twentieth
regiment, and the officers and men then under his command.

Report to Gideon Welles by Commander Stringham
Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy:

I have the honor to inform you that we have been eminently successful in our expedition. All that could bo wished by tho
most hopeful has been accomplished.

This morning we are taking on board the
Minnesota officers and men, numbering six hundred and fifteen, which
surrendered yesterday after bombardment from the fleet of parts of two days.

I shall forward a full account immediately on my arrival at New York, whither I have concluded to land them, as requested
in your communication in reference to prisoners coming into possession of the navy. After landing them I shall return to
Hampton Roads. Respectfully, your obedient servant,

S. H. Stringham,
Flag-officer Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
Off Hatteras Inlet, ) . Ship
Minnesota, August 30,1861
Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy:

Sib: I have the honor to enclose the articles of capitulation agreed upon at the surrender of the forts at tho Inlet of
Hatteras, North Carolina.

If the Department have any orders, I should be pleased to receive them at New York.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,
S. H. Stringham, Flag-officer Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

Articles of Capitulation
OFF HATTERAS Inlet, ) Ship Minnesota, August 29, A. D. 1861
Articles of capitulation between Flag-officer Stringham, commanding the Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and Benjamin F.
Butler, United States Army, commanding on behalf of tho Government, and Samuel Barron, commanding the naval force
for the defence of North Carolina and Virginia, and Colonel Martin, commanding the forces, and Major Andrews,
commanding the same forces at Hatteras.

It is stipulated and agreed between tho contracting parties, that the forces under command of the said Barron, Martin,
and Andrews, and all munitions of war, arms, men, and property under the command of said Barron, Martin, and
Andrews, be unconditionally surrendered to the Government of tho United States in terms of full capitulation.

And it is stipulated and agreed by tho contracting parties on tho part of the United States Government, that tho officers
and men shall receive the treatment duo to prisoners of war.

In witness whereof, we, the said Stringham and Butler, on behalf of tho United States, and the said Barron, Martin, and
Andrews, representing the forces at Hatteras Inlet, hereunto interchangeably set our hands, this twenty-ninth day of
August, A. D. 1861, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-fifth year.

S. H. Stringham,
Flag-Offioer Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
Benjamin F. Butler,
Major-General U. S, A., commanding.
S. Barron, Flag-Offlcer C. S. Navy,
Com'g Naval Forces Virginia and North Carolina.

William F. Martin,
Colonel Seventh Light Infantry, N. C. Vols. W. L. G. Andrews,
Major Com'g Forts Hatteras and Clark.


United States Flag-ship Minnesota, New York Harbor, September 2, 1861.
Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of Navy:

Sir: I have the honor to inform the Departmeut that I left Hampton Roads August 26, 1861, the earliest moment the
weather would permit, with the flag-ship
Minnesota, Captain G. A. Van Brune, having in company the United States
Wabash, Captain Samuel Mercer; Monticello, Commander John P. Gillis; Pawnee, Commander S. C. Rowan;
Harriet Lane, Captain John Faunce; United States chartered steamers Adelaide, Commander Henry S. Stellwagen;
George Peabody, Lieutenant R. B. Lowry; and tug Fanny, Lieutenant Pierce Crosby, all of the United States Navy.
The transports
Adelaide and George Peabody towing schooners with surf-boats on them, and the Monticello and
Pawnee surf-boats only. Major-General Butler took passage in this ship; the transports having parts of two regiments,
and one company of regulars, under the command of Colonels Max Weber and Hawkins, and Captain Larnard, United
States army.

At — p. m., passed Cape Henry, and discharged pilot; light airs from south and east, with a ground swell.
Tuesday, 27th—Light airs from south and east, with a heavy ground swell. At half-past nine, A. M., Cape Hatteras light
in sight, rounded the shoals off Hatteras, and at five p. M. anchored at the southward of the cape—the squadron in
company. Hoisted out the surfboats, and made preparations for landing troops in the morning.

Wednesday 28th—Southerly winds; heavy surf rolling on the beach.

Calling tho men at four A. M., we gave them an early breakfast. Put twelve-pound rifled gun and twelve-pound howitzer
in one of the surf-boats, and sent it to the

Major-General Butler and the marines of the
Minnesota, the latter under command of Captain Wm. S. Shuttleworth, U. S.
M. C, are sent to the
Harriet Lane.

At forty-five minutes past six A. M., made signal to disembark troops, and ordered the
Pawnee, Monticello, and Harriet
to cover and assist in landing them.

At forty-five minutes past eight, the
Wabash with the Cumberland, Captain John Marston, in tow, led in toward Fort
Clark, the
Minnesota following. At the same time the Monticello, Pawnee, Harriet Lane, and the transports, stood in
toward a wreck about two miles east of the fort, and commenced landing tho troops at half-past eleven o'clock.

At ten o'clock, the
Wabash and Cumberland opened fire on Fort Clark. The fire was returned by the fort.

At ten minutes after ten the
Minnesota passed inside the Wabash and Cumberland, and opened fire. The vessels
continued passing and repassing the fort until it was abandoned by the enemy.

The fire was returned from the fort, the shot falling short or passing over the ships.

At eleven o'clock the
Susquehanna, Captain J. Chauncey, made her number and was directed to engage the battery.

At twenty-five minutes past twelve p. m., flags down on Forts Clark and Uattorns, the first apparently abandoned by the
enemy, who were running toward Fort Hatteras, and leaving the shore in boats.

At half-past twelve p. m. made signal to "cease firing." At ten minutes after one p. m. our troops moving up the beach. At
two p. M. American flag displayed from Fort Clark by our pickets, who were in possession.

At four o'clock,
Monticello, Captain Gillis, was ordered to feel his way into the inlet and take possession, but he had
advanced only a short distance when fire was opened on him from Fort Hatteras, toward which a tug-steamer, towing a
schooner filled with troops, was seen coming from the southward for its relief.

General signal, "Engage batteries," was immediately made. The
Minnesota, Susquehanna, and Pawnee opened fire at
once, the
Wabash having towed the Cumberland into the offing.

Monticello, from her advanced position, was much exposed, and was struck several times; but finally hauled off
without serious damage.

At a quarter past six o'clock signal to cease firing was made, and the squadron hauled off for night with the exception of
Monticello, Pawnee, and Harriet Lane—they being ordered to go in shore and protect the troops during the night.
Wind from S. and weather looking squally.

Thursday, 29th—S. W. wind, and pleasant weather. Sea more moderate.

At half-past five a. m. made general signal, "Prepare to engage batteries, and follow my motions;" weighed anchor, and
stood in shore; discovered the main body of our troops near where they landed.

At a quarter past seven instructed Commanders of
Monticello and Pawnee to attend to the troops on the beach, and
embark them if they wished to come off; if they did not, to provision them.

At half-past seven made general signal, "Attack batteries, but be careful not to fire near the battery in our possession."
At eight A. M.
Susquehanna leading, opened fire on Fort Hatteras, the Wabash following; Minnesota passing inside of
Wabash, anchored between her and the Susquehanna and opened fire at a quarter past eight o'clock. At nine the
Cumberland came in under sail, handled handsomely, and anchored in excellent position on the starboard bow of the
Minnesota, and commenced firing with effect.

Observing our shot to fall short some, made signal, "Cease firing; use fifteen fuses only with ten-inch guns."

At thirty-five minutes past nine recommenced firing, our shot now falling in and around the battery with great effect.

At forty-five minutes past nine the
Harriet Lane came up and joined in the fire with her rifled guns.

At ten minutes past eleven a. m. a white flag was displayed from tho fort. Made signal, "Cease firing."

The enemy returned our fire through the engagement, but with no effect, their shot falling short.

Almost at the commencement of the engagement they hauled down their colors, and showed none until the white flag
was displayed. When the flag was hauled down, it was thought by many they had surrendered; but as the same thing
had been done yesterday, and they afterward fired on the
Monticello, no attention was paid to it. They soon
recommenced firing and continued so to do until they surrendered, without (as I have stated above) any colors flying.
Upon the appearance of the white flag, our troops marched toward the fort, and, as if by preconcerted signal, but
without any order or request, the officers and crews of the squadron gave three hearty cheers for our success.
At half-past eleven Major-General Butler, in the tug
Fanny, went into the inlet, to tho rear of the forts, to take
possession. Three steamers and several schooners,with troops on board, were in the Sound, watching the engagement.
They all left as the
Fanny approached. She fired at them with her rifled piece.

I directed the
Harriet Lane to go in the inlet, giving her my best pilot. She grounded but soon got off.

The chartered steamers, with tho remaining troops on board, went into the inlet.
Tho Lane, in following these steamers,
grounded a second time, and had been unable at the time of my departure from the inlet (three p. M. of the 30th) to get
off. Tho weather being fine and the sea smooth, and having the assistance of the
Susquehannah, Monticello, and
Pawnee under my direction to render every aid, I am in hopes that she has ere this succeeded in getting afloat again.
In this connection I may very appropriately apprise the Department, and congratulate myself, that I have no accident to
record to a single officer or man of the navy, army, or marines.

At about half-past two p. m. of the 29th, Major-General Butler came to this ship, bringing with him three senior officers,
viz.: Samuel Barron, Flag-officer Confederate States Navy, commanding naval defences of Virginia and North Carolina;
Wm. F. Martin, Colonel Seventh regiment of infantry, North Carolina Volunteers; W. S. G. Andrews, Major, commanding
Forts Hatteras and Clark; informing me the enemy had surrendered under the stipulations contained in the original
agreement between myself and Major-General Butler on behalf of the United States Government, and the officers above
named on the part of the enemy, which agreement I had the honor of enclosing with my despatch, No. 134, under date
Aug. 30, off Hatteras Inlet. I have the honor to enclose a copy of the report of Com. J. P. Gillis, of the
Monticello, and I
here take the opportunity of mentioning with great pleasure the name of Com. A. Ludlow Case, my Fleet Captain, for
very prompt and efficient services during all the time we have been occupied in the expedition so successfully

In conclusion, I beg leave to state to the Department and to my Government that I have naught but praise to accord to
officers, seamen, and marines, and officers and soldiers of the Army who were present, for gallantry and cheerful
devotion to duty and to their Government, "The United States of America," which they all cheerfully and heartily serve.
That it may be perpetuated, is their wish, and the wish of,

Respectfully, your obedient servant,
S. H. Stringham
Flag-officer Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

U. S. Chartered Steamer Adelaide, )
August 31,1881.

Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy:
Sir: I have to report that the expedition to Cape Hatteras Inlet has resulted in a signal victory over the rebels, the capture
of two forts, twenty-five cannon, one thousand stand of arms, and seven hundred and fifteen prisoners, amongst whom
are Capt. Samuel Barron, Lieut. Sharp, and Dr. Wyatt M. Brown, all late of the United States Navy, and Major Andrews
and other officers late of the United States Army.

The amount of loss on their side is not exactly known; five are ascertained to have been buried, and eleven wounded
are on board this vessel. Many were carried away. Lieut. Mnrdaugh, Late of the United States Navy, among the number,
with the loss of an arm.

"We met with no casualty of any consequence whatever. The surrender was unconditional. For full particulars I beg to
refer to the reports of Flag-officer Silas H. Stringham and Major General B. F. Butler.

Although the
Adelaide and George Peabody were chartered for other special service, yet, to further important
operations, I consented to take the troops on board from Newport News and
Fortress Monroe, nine hundred men, with
arms, provisions, and munitions of war, and landed part of them, about three hundred, amidst a heavy surf, until the
boats filled and became unmanageable.

The men-of-war hauled in and commenced a heavy cannonade at 10.15 A. M. on the 28th, and kept it up at intervals all
day. Recommencing on the 29th at 8.15, with increased effect, the enemy's reinforcements endeavoring to land 1,000
or 1,500 men driven back, and at 11.30 they displayed a flag of truce, and were forced to surrender at discretion.

On the appearance of the white flag I steamed into the inlet and laid behind the fort, ready to throw the remaining troops
ashore, either in case of a commencement or cessation of hostilities: the
Geo. Peabody, Lieut. Lowry, did the same.

At the surrender we officiated in the ceremonies, after which the prisoners were brought to this vessel, and next day, the
30th instant, placed them on board the
Minnesota, which vessel sailed at 2.30 p. M. for New York, and we left for
Annapolis with Major-General Butler, U. S. A., and the wounded prisoners.

I hope my endeavors in the case may meet your full approbation, and beg to recommend to your consideration the
conduct of Lieut.Com. R. B. Lowry, associated with me on this work and placed in charge of the
Geo. Peabody; of Dr.
Wm. M. King, U. S. Navy, who volunteered for the expedition. I have also received valuable assistance from my corps of
pilots, and from Dr. T. C. Stellwagen and James Forsyth, who acted in the place of junior officers. I am very respectfully,
your obedient servant, LT. S. Stellwager, Commander.

August 31, 1861.
Com. S. S. Stclheagen, U. S. Nary,
Commanding Steamer
Adelaide, on special service
Sir: In obedience to your order, I have the honor herewith to furnish you a complete list of the wounded prisoners taken
at the surrender of Fort Hatteras.

The whole number is thirteen, and eleven of these were transferred to this steamer by the order of Flag-officer Silas H.
Stringham. The two remaining men were found to be too seriously injured to permit of being moved, and were
consequently left in the fort, in charge of a medical officer. From the information which I have received from a credible
source, I have formed the opinion that many of the wounded, and perhaps all the killed, were sent on board the rebel
steamers in the Sound prior to the capitulation. Only two killed were found, and these were discovered in the out-houses
of Fort Clark the day of the evacuation of that work. I understand, from Surgeon Wyatt M. Brown, formerly of the U. S.
Navy, and at present holding a commission in the army of the Confederate States, and in charge of the medical
department of Forts Hatteras and Clark, that ex-Lieut. Mnrdaugh, of the U. S. Navy, was very badly injured—a fragment
of shell striking his forearm and making a compound fracture of both bones. This gentleman escaped from Hatteras
prior to the surrender in the privateer

Willotighby Davis, aged 22, a native of North Carolina,"Jonesboro' Guards;" lacerated flesh wound of instep. Not
serious. 2.
William E. Clark, aged 17, a native of North Carolina, "Tar River Boys;" lacerated wound one and a half
inches deep, external surface of upper part of lower third of right thigh. Doing well. 3.
James A. Corry, aged 23, a
native of North Carolina, "Tar River Boys;" deeply lacerated wound, involving deltoid muscle, left shoulder. Quite
serious, although the joint is not believed to be implicated. 4.
W. G. Andrews, "Hamilton Guards;" lacerated wound,
implicating tarsus and metatarsus, left foot, oozing of blood. Serious. 5.
Matthias Sawyer, aged 23, a native of North
Carolina, "North Carolina Defenders; " contused wound of upper part of left breast and neck; expectorating blood. Not
much constitutional disturbance. 6.
Logan Metts, aged 18, native of North Carolina, "Lenoir Braves;" slight flesh-wound
of middle third of left leg, external surface. 7.
Wilson J. Forbes, aged 27, native of North Carolina, "Jonesboro'Guards;"
lacerated wound about two and a half inches long and three inches deep, upper part of upper third of thigh, posterior
surface. 8.
Henry Hines, aged 25, native of North Carolina, "Lenoir Braves;" severely lacerated wound, left side. 9.
Ashley Keele, aged 25, native of North Carolina, "Hamilton Guards;" lacerated wound, left side. 10. John Mills, aged
18, native of North Carolina, "Tar River Boys;" penetrating wound, produced by fragment of shell occupying posterior
aspect of forearm, one and a half inches from beam process to outer side; joint perhaps implicated. 11.
, native of North Carolina, "Roanoke Guards;" contusion right foot, considerable swelling, no fracture. 12.
Francis Mooring, aged 51, native of North Carolina, "Lenoir Braves;" right half of his frontis, with a portion of anterior
lobe of the brain carried away by a piece of shell—extensive
hernia cerebri. Mortal. 13. John Mooring, aged 18, native
of North Carolina, "Tar River Boys;" compound (comminuted) and complicated fracture of left arm; compound fracture of
left thigh. Mortal.

The above-named men were placed under my care after the surrender of Fort Hatteras, on the afternoon of the 29th
instant. The injuries were caused by fragments of shells during the bombardment of the fort, which not only lacerated,
but in many, if not all, burned the soft parts.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Wm. M. King, Assistant Surgeon.

Report of John Gillis
Commander Henry S. Stellwauen, U. S. N.,
Commanding steamer Adelaide, on special service.
United States Steamer Monticello,
Off Hatteras Inlet, 00V. C, August 31, 1861.

Sir: I have the honor to report to you that, in obedience to the order of Flag-Officer S. H. Stringham, the transport
steamers, with troops on board, were conveyed safely to the position off this inlet indicated by him.
I communicated with the United States ship
Cumberland; the Harriet Lane took her in tow. Boarded schooner Equator,
from Nassau, with fruit for New York.

On the arrival of the frigates
Minnesota and Wabash, (27th,) received further instructions from the flag-officer, and
proceeded to carry them out. Stood in and made a reconnoissance of the shore, discovering two forts on north side of
Hatteras Inlet, and a suitable place for landing troops on the beach about two and a half miles to the north.

On the 28th received the marines from the
Minnesota and Wabash; also a lighter or scow with two howitzers, which we
landed, and assisted in landing some of the other troops, about 300 in all, I believe.

Minnesota, Wabash, and Cumberland took positions and commenced shelling the forts on the point, which promptly
returned the fire, and the
Harriet Lane, Pawnee, and Monticello covered our troops on shore with their shell. Wind
freshening and surf increasing, could not land more troops. Steamed down along the beach, extending our firing to the
forts, one of which ceased to fire, and hauled down the confederate flag. We were feeling our way in through the inlet,
when signalled to come alongside of flag-ship; received a pilot for the inlet from flag-ship, and proceeded to attempt the
passage, no rebel flag flying on shore; entered between the breakers, feeling our way carefully with the lead for the
deepest water. The vessel struck heavily frequently. Continued on, in hopes of getting into deeper water, and be
enabled to enter the sound; the large fort, of fifteen guns, still showing no colors, and our own troops in possession of
the other, of five guns. As we turned the point or spithead, finding so little water that we would be compelled to turn and
work the vessel out again, if possible, the large fort opened a brisk fire upon us, which we promptly returned with our
pivot gun and port battery, (two 32-pounders abaft.) ship striking often as we backed and filled to turn her head
seaward. By keeping the engine in motion we succeeded, with the aid of the swell, in getting out of the inlet, firing five-
second shell rapidly and with precision at the battery. We were about fifteen minutes in this "tight place," during which
time we fired thirty shell. The fort fired slow as we came out, and did not return our last three shot, owing, no doubt, to
the promptness with which the flag-officer and the other vessels opened upon them for our relief.

We were struck by eight-inch shot and shell: once amidships, on port side, shot lodged in knee; another amidships, on
port side, which carried away boat davit, and drove the fragments of shell and davit through the armory, pantry, and
galley; another shot carried away part of fore-topsail yard and sail on the port yard arm; another on the starboard bow.
This shot lodged in the knee, at forward end of shell-locker. Another shot amidships, on the starboard side, passed
through, across berth-deck, paint-locker, and bulkhead, across fire room, and lodged in the port coal-bunker, ripping up
the deck in the gangway over it; whale boat's bottom shot away and gig injured. Received carpenters from flagship to
make temporary repairs, plug shot holes, &c, and stood in towards the batteries, firing several guns.

Expended the following ammunition:

Powder.—46 ten-pound charges, 28 six-pound charges, 15 four-pound charges; total, 89 charges.
We have since learned that the pilot took us in the wrong channel or passage.

29th.—Went in to endeavor to get off the surf-boats from the beach; got one, and delivered her to steamer Adelaide;
sent provisions to the troops on shore.

Minnesota, Wabash, and Susquehanna opened fire on the large fort; the Cumberland came in, anchored, and
opened fire.

Fort showed a white flag. Steamer
Fanny went in; also the Adelaide and Peabody, with remainder of troops. Four
American flags flying on the large fort, which fired a salute of fourteen guns.

Went to the assistance of the
Harriet Lane, aground in the inlet; took men off the hulks.

30M.—Picked up a large boat adrift to northward and eastward; delivered her to

The forts, we learn, mounted twenty-one guns, large calibre. Six hundred and fifteen prisoners brought off to flag-ship,
among them Captain Samuel Barron and Lieutenant Sharp, late of the United States navy. Of the confederates, there
were seven killed and twenty-five wounded. Another report gives forty-five as the number killed; that many were sent off
in their steamers up the sound on the evening of the 28th.

On board the
Monticello there were two wounded slightly. The officers and crew of this vessel as,lead with courage and
coolness, particularly whilst we were under the close and rapid fire of the large fort, and endeavoring to get the vessel in
deeper water, she striking bard and frequent.

Allow me to congratulate you, sir, on this important and decidedly naval conquest.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Hon. Gideon Welles,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington.
Last of officers attached to the United States steamship
Commander, John P. Gillis.
1st lieutenant, Daniel S. Braine.
Acting master, Edwin V. Gager.
Acting paymaster, George D. F. Barton.
Assistant surgeon, Fred. E. Potter.

Acting master, John F. Winchester.
Acting chief engineer, George M. Waite.
1st master's mate, Lewis A. Brown.
2d master's mate, Richard Hustace.
3d master's mate, Augustus G. Stibbins.
Acting 2d engineer, Jonathan Thomas.
Acting 3d engineer, Columbus L. Griffin.
To Lieutenant Braine I am indebted for the previous drilling of the crew and attention to the batteries; to Acting Master
Gager for his careful management at the wheel; and to Acting Chief Engineer Waite for his care and promptness in the
management of the engine.
Respectfully, your obedient servant,

Head-quarters Department or Virginia,;
Fortress Monroe, August 31, 1861

General Order No. 8.
The commanding general has great satisfaction in announcing a glorious victory achieved by the combined operations
of the army and navy at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina, under the command of Commodore Stringham and Maj.-Gen.
Butler. The result of this gallant enterprise is the capture of seven hundred and fifteen men, including the commander,
Barron, and one of the North Carolina Cabinet, one thousand stand of arms, and seventy-five kegs of powder, five
stand of colors, and thirty-one pieces of cannon, including a ten-inch columbiad, a brig loaded with cotton, a sloop
loaded with provisions and stores, two light boats, one hundred and fifty bags of coffee, &c, all of which was achieved by
the army and navy, and eight hundred volunteers, and sixty regular artillery of the army. This gallant affair will not fail to
stimulate the volunteers and regulars to greater achievements. Obedience, order, discipline, and instruction are
indispensable to maintain the interest, honor, and humane institutions of the Union.

By command of Maj.-Gen. Wool.

Navy Department, September 2, 1861.
Sir: The Department congratulates you and those of your command, and also the officers and soldiers of the army who
cooperated with you in the reduction of Forts Hatteras and Clark, and the capture of the forces employed in their
defence. The successful result, thus far, of an expedition projected with great care, and the occupation of the positions
commanding the most important inlet on the coast of North Carolina, will be attended with consequences that can
scarcely be over-estimated.

This brilliant achievement, accomplished without the loss of a man on your part, or injury to any one in the Federal
service, has carried joy and gladness to the bosom of every friend of the Union.

It is, I trust, but the beginning of results that will soon eventuate in suppressing the insurrection and confirming more
strongly than ever the integrity of the Union. Convey to the officers and men of the respective vessels under your
command the thanks of the department for their gallant conduct, and the assurance that is thus afforded that in the
great emergency that is now upon us the country may rely as of old upon the vigor, and the courage, and the
enthusiasm of its brave officers and sailors. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, Gideon Welles.
Com. S. H. Stringham.

On Board United States Ship
September 1,1861.
To the Adjutant-General of North Carolina:
Sir: I beg leave to report that after a bombardment of three hours and twenty minutes, on August 29, 1861, I
surrendered to Commodore S. H. Stringham, Flag-officer, and Major General Benjamin F. Butler, Commanding United
States forces, Fort Hatteras, at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.

In making this report, I desire briefly to relate the circumstances attending the capitulation.

I arrived at Fort Hatteras on the evening of the 28th of August in company with Commodore Barron, Flag-officer C. S.
Navy, in charge of the defences of Virginia and North Carolina, and found that during the day the enemy had attacked
the forces under the command of Colonel William F. Martin, as well as Forts Clark and Hatteras, under my command,
and after a day of most severe and unceasing fighting, the colonel had succeeded in concentrating all the forces within
the walls of Fort Hatteras. Colonel Martin himself was utterly prostrated by the duties of the day, and after consultation
with him, I proposed that we invite Commodore Barron, an officer of great experience, to take the general command and
direct the succeeding operations. Commodore Barron assented, and assumed the command. I then proceeded to
examine our guns and munitions, and prepare the fort for the action of the coming morning.

There were but two guns mounted on the side next to Fort Clark, both thirty-two pounders, and one gun on the corner
next the bar, an eight-inch shell gun. During the night I tore away a traverse on the back face of the work, and brought
another gun to bear in the same direction. The companies of my command, under Capts. Cobdon, Lamb, and Sutton,
having been in action all the previous day, displaying great courage and devotion, being perfectly exhausted, I placed
the batteries in charge of fresh troops, as follows: Nos. two and three of the channel battery under the command of
Capt. Thos. Sparrow, assisted by his Lieutenants Shaw and Thomas; Nos. four and five of the same battery were under
command of Lieut.-Col. George W. Johnston, assisted by First Lieutenant Mose and Second Lieutenant George W.
Daniel; No. six, facing the bar, and No. seven, facing Fort Clark, were placed in charge of Major Ilenry A. Gillion, assisted
by Lieutenants Johnston and Grimes; No. eight, a gun mounted on naval carriage, was commanded by Lieutenant
Murdaugh, of the C. S. N, assisted by Lieutenant Sharp and Midshipman Stafford.

Capt. Thomas H. Sharp had command of No. one, but, owing to the wrenches not fitting the eccentric axles, was unable
to bring it into action. He stayed by his gun during most of the engagement, but could not fire. Thus we had but three
guns we could bring to bear, (if the enemy took up his position of the previous day,) viz., Nos. six, seven, and eight.
At forty minutes past seven A. M., of the 29th, the enemy opened fire on us from the steam frigate
Minnesota, (forty-
three guns,)
Wabash, (forty-three guns,) Susquehanna, (fifteen guns,) frigate Cumberland, (twenty-four guns,) steamer
Pawnee, (ten guns,) and Harriet Lane, (five guns,) and a rifled battery of three guns erected in the sand hills three miles
east of Fort Clark. Thus you will see they brought seventy-three guns of the most approved kind and heaviest metal to
bear on us—the shells thrown being nine-inch, ten-inch, and eleven inch Dahlgren, Paixhan, and Colnmbiad; while, from
the position taken, we were unable to reach them with the greatest elevation. The men of the channel battery were
ordered to leave their guns and protect themselves as well as possible, the council of the commanding officers having
decided that it was to be an action of endurance until our reinforcements came up. After a few shots had been fired, and
it was ascertained that we could not reach them, our guns ceased fire, and only answered the fire of the enemy
occasionally, to show we had not surrendered. The shower of shell in half an hour became literally tremendous, as we
had falling into and immediately around the works not less, on an average, than ten each minute, and, the sea being
smooth, the firing was remarkably accurate.

One officer counted twenty-eight shells as falling so as to damage us in one minute, and several others counted twenty
in a minute. At a quarter to eleven o'clock a council of the officers was held, and it was determined to surrender. A white
flag was raised, and the firing ceased at eleven o'clock. Thus for thre* hours and twenty minutes Fort Hatteras resisted
a storm of shells perhaps more terrible than ever fell upon any other works. At the time the council determined to
surrender, two of our guns were dismounted, four men were reported killed, and between twenty-five and thirty badly
wounded. One shell had fallen into the room adjoining the magazine, and the magazine was reported on fire. It is
useless to attempt a further description. The men generally behaved well. Nearly every commissioned officer, from the
commodore down, was more or less wounded, and fifty or sixty of the non-commissioned officers and men, who would
not report to the surgeon.

Lieut. J. L. Johnston, Company E, Seventh regiment, fired the first gun at the enemy, and raised the flag of truce on the

The details of capitulation were arranged on the flagship
Minnesota, by which we laid down our arms, and marched out
prisoners of war.

I desire especially to speak of the conduct of the officers and men at the naval gun, who fired frequently to try the range.
Lieut. Murdaugh was badly wounded; Lieut. Sharp was knocked down by a shell, which passed through the parapet
near his head, and brought the blood from his right ear and cheek in considerable quantity, killing a man at his side, at
the same time knocking down and covering Col. J. A. J. Bradford with earth. Midshipman Stafford cheered on the men,
behaving in a most gallant manner.

After the fall of Lieut. Murdaugh, his men bore him to the commodore's boat and he escaped.

I am, very truly and respectfully, yours,
W. S G. Andrews, Major,

The first paragraph we omit, as it is a bare repetition of Major Andrews'. The commodore proceeds: I was requested by
Colonel Martin and Major Andrews, commanding the post, to assume command of the fort, to which I assented, Colonel
Bradford volunteering to assist me in the duties of defence. In assuming this grave responsibility, I was not unaware that
we could be shelled out of the fort; but expecting the arrival from Newbern of a regiment of North Carolina volunteers at
or before midnight, (the fleet having put to sea and appearances indicating bad weather,) we designed an assault on
Fort Clark, three-quarters of a mile distant from Fort Hatteras, which had been taken possession of by a party landed
from the shipping; but, unfortunately, the regiment did not arrive until the following day, after the bombardment had
commenced, and when the time came that I deemed evacuation or surrender unavoidable, the means of escape were
not at my command. On the next day at 7.40 A. M. the fleet, consisting of the Minnesota, Wabash, Susquehanna,
Cumberland, Pawnee, and Harriet Lane, (other steamers being in company,) took their position and opened fire. In
addition to the batteries of the ships, the enemy had, during the night, erected a battery of rifled guns near Fort Clark,
which also opened upon us.

During the first hour the shells of the ships fell short, we only firing occasionally, to ascertain whether our shot would
reach them, and wishing to reserve our very limited supply of ammunition till the vessels might find it necessary to come
nearer in; but they, after some practice, got the exact range of their nine, ten, and eleven-inch guns, and did not find it
necessary to alter their positions, while not a shot from our battery reached them, with the greatest elevation we could
get. This state of things, shells bursting in and over the fort every few seconds, having continued for about three hours,
the men were directed to take shelter under the parapet and traverses, and I called a council of officers, at which it was
unanimously agreed that holding out longer could only result in a greater loss of life, without the ability to damage our
adversaries, and, just at this time, tho magazine being reported on fire, a shell having fallen through tho ventilator of the
"bomb-proof" into the room adjoining the principal magazine, I ordered a white flag to be shown, when the firing ceased,
and the surrender was made upon the conditions of the accompanying " articles of capitulation."

The personnel of this command are now "prisoners of war" on board this ship, (the Minnesota,) where every tiling is
done to make them as comfortable as possible under the circumstances; Flag-officer Stringham, Captain Van Brunt, and
Commander Case extending to us characteristic courtesy and kindness. Wo are to bo landed at Fort Hamilton, New York

So far as ascertained, there were this day two killed, twenty-five or thirty wounded, and many others slightly wounded.

Hatteras Inlet, August 1861
"When General Wool arrived at
Fortress Monroe, he found that preparations had already been made for an expedition
to North Carolina, the object whereof was to stop one of the many breaks which the imperfect means at the command of
the blockading squadron had left in the cordon which had been drawn upon the seaward side of
Secessia. Hatteras Inlet
is something like eighteen miles from Cape Hatteras, and to the southward thereof. It is a narrow gap, with a very
intricate channel, through the sand beach which is a sort of natural outwork of the coast of North Carolina, and it has
been the principal rendezvous of the Confederate privateers. It is easy of access, provided always that one knows the
way, and that tho weather is fine. It had the advantage, too, of being easily held. With such fortifications as may be
readily constructed of sand, and with a proper armament, it would seem probable that the position could be held as long
as the enemy could be kept away from the mainland, because it is very rarely that the weather will permit vessels to lay
within range of the point for any considerable time.

Some four months since, Mr. Daniel Campbell, of Maine, master of schooner
Lydia Frances, had the misfortune to be
wrecked upon this coast. The necessities of war compelled the people of Hatteras Inlet to detain Mr. Campbell three
months a prisoner on this desolate coast; and Mr. Campbell was occupied during these three months in watching the
progress of work upon batteries which the rebels were erecting at this most important point. I think he passed his time
very profitably; but of that you shall judge. Escaping at last by the clemency of the authorities of that part of the country,
but against the protest of the military commanders at the inlet, Mr. Campbell made his way to Old Point Comfort, where
he at once made it his business to communicate his information to Flag officer Stringham. He said that two batteries had
been erected upon the point north of the inlet, one mounting six and the other four guns. The earthworks, he said, were
of sand, twenty-five feet thick at the top, turfed over, and each containing a bomb-proof, of construction similar to that of
the main work, the larger capable of protecting about four hundred men; tho other, say three hundred. The guns were
mounted en barbette. Of the guns, Mr. Campbell professed to know but little, as he was not accustomed to such things.
It appeared probable that in the smaller fort there were two long thirty-twos. As, when he left, great exertions were being
made to procure a rifled gun, he deemed it best to consider, if the place was to be attacked, that at least one of those
fearful instruments would be found there. He believed that three companies were stationed at the Point. Aside from the
facts which I have mentioned, Mr. Campbell did not know of any thing particularly fearful proposed to land at a point two
or three miles north of the batteries, while the vessels should shell the rebels out of their fortifications, and prepare the
way for the detachment to complete the work by a decisive blow. The fortunes of war, however, gave the army a less
opportunity for glory than had been anticipated.

Nothing could be more pleasant than the passage down. The
Minnesota, in which I was so extremely fortunate as to
secure a passage, a id from the deck of which I witnessed the events I am about to describe, led the way, but was soon
passed by all the vessels except the Wabash. Of course the flag-ship was compelled to regulate her motions by those of
the slowest of the fleet; that is why she was so slow. The Fanny, as she passed us, was a study. She is, you must know,
merely a canal boat. She rolled about like a tub, but somehow she held together, and was as sound as ever when I last
saw her, on Friday, at Hatteras Inlet. But they were obliged to lash the boiler down to tho deck with ropes. Lieutenant
Crosby, who commanded her, went as a volunteer; he deserves much credit for his valor—perhaps less for his

It was two o'clock in the afternoon of Tuesday when the
Minnesota and the Wabash arrived off Hatteras, where the
remainder of the fleet were found waiting orders. Proceeding to a position near enough to the inlet to enable us to see
something of tho ground which was to be operated upon, the
Monticello was sent to make a reconnaissance of tho
point, with a view to ascertain whether any important changes had taken place, and to look out a proper location for
landing. Nothing more could be done that night; so the vessels were taken to an offing. Orders were given for breakfast
at four o'clock in the morning.

Accordingly, at that hour all hands were called, and by two bells—that's five o'clock, you land lubber—the whole fleet
was active with preparations for the conflict. The
Monticello, tho Pawnee, and the Harriet Lane were sent to cover and
assist generally in landing the troops, and they took up a position about two miles and a half north of the forts, and near
by tho spot where lays the wreck of the barquo
Linwood, at which point it was thought possible to effect a landing. The
Cumberland had come bravely to time, and was taken in tow by the Wabash, but a great deal of time was occupied in
effecting these arrangements. The iron and flat boats were meanwhile filling with troops from the steamers, and the
hundred marines who had been taken from the war vessels to increase the land forces. The Wabash went up to tho
battery first, drawing the
Cumberland after her. The Minnesota followed, and as we drew near the point the two batteries
and the barracks of the rebels were plainly visible. In the sound, beyond the narrow neck of land, several vessels—three
steamers, some schooners under sail, and a brig laying at anchor under the guns of the forts—were clearly seen.

Time 9.45. Boom! Whiz—z—z! The
Wabash opens the action, and plants three shells, apparently directly in the small,
or northern battery. The fort responds promptly, but a shout of derisive laughter from the gun deck is the comment,
when its shot falls in the water at half the distance from the fort to the ship. Every gun-captain in the ship is anxiously
waiting the order to fire. The word is passed, "No firing until it is ordered from the quarter-deck!" It is misunderstood on
the gun-deck. Somebody says it is, "Fire when you're ready!" On the shore, half-way between the forts and the landing,
twenty or thirty horses are running toward our troops, and twice as many cows are running in the opposite direction.
Bang! goes a gun from the main deck, and a shell is landed almost among the cows. At the same instant the
sent a messenger of the same sort among them, and the animals find their way across the peninsula. Then the
gunner discovers his mistake. He thought he was firing at the enemy's cavalry as they charged up the beach. Now the
order is understood, and the men stand by their pieces, watching the effect of the shells which now go thick and fast
from tho Cumberland and Wabash, and of the shots which begin to come from the smaller and upper fort. "Fire the pivot
gun when you're ready!" is the order now passed forward to Mr. Foster, and directly we get within range a nine-inch
shell is sent from the bow, and explodes just over Fort Clark. We pass inside of the other vessels, nearly a quarter of a
mile nearer the shore, and the fire, once opened from the
Minnesota's batteries, is kept up with the greatest rapidity
while we remain within range. The enemy's shots come near us, but do not quite reach us. The ship is put about so to
return, presenting the other broadside to the shore, and, as she wears, a couple of shot drop under her stern at a
distance of a dozen yards or so. We go buck north of the other vessels, and returning again, we are in season to see a
shot dropped midway between the
Wabash and Cumberland. Another passes just over our bow, and drops beyond us;
and so the firing is kept up constantly, and manifestly with terrible effect upon the forts.

Susquehanna, which hove in sight very shortly after the commencement of the action, comes up in fine style and
takes a hand in the fight after the first hour. The air is so filled with smoke that it is only occasionally that we get a view
of the batteries on shore, both of which keep up a feeble attempt at responding.

We had already seen that the surf was making great mischief with the landing of the troops. It was only with great
difficulty and no small peril that troops were landed at all, and we now perceived that further attempts were abandoned.
The two wooden boats were entirely destroyed, and appearances indicated what was afterward learned to be the fact,
that the iron bouts bad been swamped. How many troops were landed it was not easy to judge, but evidently only a
small portion of the force. What would happen to them it was not easy to guess, but we had seen a party march out from
Fort Clark early in the action, apparently for the purpose of making an attack—a purpose which, if ever entertained, was
soon reconsidered; for, after making half the distance between the fort and the landing, the party turned back. What
number of troops were in the forts we had no means of knowing, but it appeared probable that there were quite enough
to give our forces much trouble.

During the action the scenes on the decks of the
Minnesota were most exciting. What do you think of arming negroes?
Wouldn't Wendell Phillips have found a text for an oration had he stood on that deck watching half-a-dozen
contrabands, who came from the batteries at Yorktown to seek the protection of
Fortress Monroe, as they worked the
after gun of the upper deck? Certainly it was a sight which I little expected ever to see when I left your office to
take notes of the war. But opinions change very rapidly under the accelerating influence of revolutionary times. First our
soldiers were to quell servile insurrections. Then they were to protect contrabands who should relieve them of fatigue
duty. Then the contraband doctrine went down before a new comer, looking very much like general emancipation. And
in the last days of August, in the first year of our civil war, the negro stands by the side of the white man, fighting the
battles of the country. Mr. Phillips may think this more important than the capture of seven hundred prisoners with a flag
officer at their head, or even the possession of two rebel forts and a thousand stand of arms. At any rate, whether the
incident has any peculiar significance or not, let me say that the negroes worked well— never better—and they evidently
enjoyed the business.

And another lesson, as if to prove that this is no sectional war, no contest for subjugation: I see in the bow of the vessel,
commanding his division—no fire more rapid than his—no aim more deadly—the stalwart form of a noble Kentuckian;
and I know that elsewhere in the fleet, Virginia and Maryland are represented by their sons, bravely battling for the
Union. Who are fighting for their home?—those who, under the banners of tho usurpers, are disputing the authority of
the best government the world ever saw, or those who are fighting for their homes as they were?

A noticeable incident happened on the gundeck. A sponger dropped his sponge overboard. Before the officer of the
deck could utter a word of reproach, the man had jumped overboard, got back somehow mysteriously through the port-
hole, the sponge was hanging in its place dripping with water, and the sailor stood dripping before his officer. He got a
promotion for his cool conduct. The reverend chaplain, I observe, too, sometimes almost forgets his peaceful calling
when a fine shot is made, or a broadside is poured into the forts—and finally I see him fleeing from temptation to the
gundeck, where he enjoys himself in serving out coffee to the sailors.

Time, 1.25 p. M. Three hours' cannonading from fifty-seven heavy guns had evidently produced an effect on the smaller
and northernmost fort. Of what had happened to the larger work nothing could be ascertained, as we had not at any
time been in a position to obtain a good view of it. The flag of the first had been twice shot away, and twice it was
promptly raised again. But the firing had been abandoned almost altogether, and the rebels were evidently becoming
discouraged—whether because guns were dismounted and the men killed, or because they were satisfied that they
could not touch the ships, could not be divined. But the
Minnesota, which appeared to be the favorite mark of the forts,
had not been complimented for half an hour, when the cry was raised, "They're running!" And, indeed, at this moment
the flags of both Fort Hatteras and Fort Clark were hauled down; a considerable body of our troops, already landed,
were seen hurrying with their colors toward the small fort; in the sound beyond the inlet, boats were seen laden with
men, evidently intent upon getting away as fast as possible, and General Butler telegraphed from the
Harriet Lane a
request for the fleet to cease firing. The signal was made, but the state of affairs was not understood on board all the
ships as it was by the
Minnesota. About thirty of our men were in and around Fort Clark, and had already raised the
Union flag, when they wore fired upon by the
Monticello and Pawnee, under the impression, I suppose, that there was
some trick in the matter, or perhaps upon knowledge that the enemy had merely withdrawn from Fort Clark to Fort
Hatteras. I could not see—indeed, from the position of the
Minnesota at the time, it was not possible to see—whether
the guns were directed at one fort rather than the other. Be that as it may, several shells burst in the immediate vicinity
of onr own men. The
Monticello and the Pawnee were instantly called back. The former reported that the inward battery
was still in the hands of the rebels, and denied having fired without knowledge of the state of affairs. She was ordered to
enter the inlet and discover what the hauling down of the flags meant, and was informed that our friends were in
possession of the upper fort. So the
Monticello proceeded on her way. Meanwhile, on board tho flag ship it was
considered settled that the day was ours. Why not? Both flags had been hauled down. The American flag had been
raised in its place at Fort Clark. Of course the day was ours, and accordingly tho gentlemen of the ward-room mess,
who that morning had asked the surgeon all sorts of questions about wounds and the treatment thereof, met again to
congratulate each other upon victory, bloodless to our side at least. But the victory was not yet won. The
entered the inlet, and was steaming through in fine style, when, as she was within six hundred yards of the lower battery,
the real state of affairs was announced by the booming of cannon from the rebel battery. The gunboat responded
promptly, and for fifteen minutes a brisk fire was kept up, which it seemed probable would sink the vessel. All hands
were called to quarters, and the larger vessels prepared to resume the attack. The
Cumberland was, however, counted
out, as, under the supposition that the fight was over, she had been sent on her cruise. The
Monticello finally got out of
this awkward and unpleasant hole in the wall, but not until several holes had been made in her hull, while her topsail was
badly torn and her port waist boat hung from a single davit. A carpenter was despatched to her assistance. The
Wabash, Susquehanna, and Minnesota resumed the attack, and continued an hour or two, aided at last by the
Cumberland, which promptly returned on hearing the sound of the heavy firing. It was apparent, however, that the rebels
had taken to the bomb-proofs, for they paid but little attention to us. Our friends had meantime withdrawn from Fort
Clark to a safer locality.

Darkness began to come on, and with it the aspect of the weather became threatening. The order was passed "cease
firing," and reluctantly the fleet was withdrawn. The
Monticello, Pawnee, and Lane were ordered to remain as near the
shore as possible, in order to protect our landed troops. The larger vessels then made an anchorage in the offing. The
feeling throughout the ship at this time was that we were beaten. It seemed probable that the vessels stationed to
protect our men on shore would be compelled to leave them to the mercy of the rebels, and it was very doubtful, too, if
the weather would permit the resumption of the bombardment on the morrow. During the night the secessionists might
make our soldiers prisoners, reinforce their own forts, repair damages, and be ready to show that they were not to be
easily vanquished. "That fort isn't taken yet," was the desponding remark which was passed around the ship. And there
were some remarks, too, about the necessity of proper surf boats with which all the troops might have been landed. With
tho force which should have been landed, the batteries, it was believed, might have been taken at the point of the
bayonet. But as it was, we were beaten, temporarily at least; and the countenances of the ship's company showed very
plainly that there were some who feared that the opportunity was lost irretrievably.

And what do you think of this little speech, made by the caterer to the ward-room gentlemen when they had gathered at
seven o'clock to enjoy a dinner, for which hard work since fourteen hours before had given them some appetite:
"Gentlemen, I am sorry to be compelled to announce that the ward-room dinner has been stolen from the galley." Cold
comfort, wasn't it? The loss was soon made good, however. "Same programme to-morrow!" was announced—that is,
breakfast at 4 A. M., and if possible a fight immediately after.

And accordingly at eight bells all hands were called again. The weather had driven the small vessels off shore during
the night, and our little band of troops were left to protect themselves as best they could. But they were safe—that was
clear. Before seven o'clock they were seen advancing in good order toward Fort Clark. A large white steamer, which, as
it subsequently appeared, was the
Winslow, of the Confederate States navy, commanded by Mr. Arthur Sinclair, late of
the United States navy, filled with troops, was in the sound, moving away from the forts, but quite near the shore of the
peninsula. As the troops arrived at the point nearest the steamer, I saw the smoke of firing, which I at first supposed to
come from musketry, but which actually came, as I have since heard, from a sand battery which had been hastily thrown
up by Capt. Johnson of the Coast Guard, and in which he had placed two boat howitzers which were sent on shore with
the troops the day before from the flag ship, and a six-pounder captured from the enemy by our men. The Winslow
made excellent speed in getting out of the way, but remained in sight throughout the action which ensued. Capt. Nixon,
with his company from the Coast Guard, had occupied the small fort during the night, and his presence there was made
manifest by the display of the Stars and Stripes. From the shore it was reported, at an early hour, that the enemy had
been largely reinforced during the night. The troops on shore were informed by General Butler of the design of the navy
and warned to take care of themselves. The main body, under Col. Weber, therefore, took up a position near Capt.
Johnson's sand battery. The several small steamers were sent in shore to be in readiness to protect the land forces,
and to aid in any new attempt which might be made at landing the remainder. At about eight o'clock the
Wabash and
Susquehanna proceeded to take up a position—this time at anchor—for attack, the latter in advance, or to the
southward rather. She opened the fire at twenty minutes past eight. The
Wabash followed a minute after. Twenty
minutes later the
Minnesota found an anchorage ground between the first named, and the action now commenced in
good earnest, but the shells evidently fell short of the fort, which was the object of attack. An hour after the firing was
commenced, the
Cumberland came up in fine style and took up a position just ahead, and perhaps fifty yards in shore
from the
Minnesota. Although we had now been firing very rapidly for more than an hour, no response had been heard
from the fort. Nor was any flag shown therefrom. They had been reinforced largely, and yet they did not show
fight. It had a queer look, certainly. It seemed to me that the fleet was firing according to Magruder's tactics, of which I
wrote you the other day—firing without regard to the question whether there was any enemy to fire at. But when I
ventured to suggest to an old sailor that the rebels had evacuated the position, I got for answer this:
"Don't you be in a worry, young man; you'll see enough of 'em before you get out o' this. They ain't in a hurry."
So I began to look for facilities for descending to the engine room. After enduring for an hour and a half, however, they
finally opened their batteries, devoting their entire attention to the
Cumberland. Their shots fell short generally fifty
yards—one only, and that spent— striking the side of the ship. Neither party appeared to be making much headway. At
half-past ten o'clock fifteen-second fuses—ten seconds had been employed thus far—were ordered to be used
thoughout the fleet. Fifteen minutes' delay occurred in preparing them on board the flag ship, during which time very few
guns were fired. Finally, when they were ready, the men went to the work with renewed zeal. Three shells thrown
consecutively from the pivot-gun—Mr. Foster's—fell within a very few feet of each other, near the ventilator of the
magazine of Fort Hatteras. The shells flew terrifically, and all attempts at responding ceased. Half an hour more would
have annihilated the enemy. They held their peace about twenty minutes, when, just at the instant that a broadside had
been fired from the
Minnesota, a white flag was shown from the large fort. The order was, of course, at once given to
the fleet to "cease firing," but a few more shells were thrown before the command could be signalled. The sailors flew to
the rigging, and from ship to ship rang the cheers of victory.

And so, unless there was another cheat, the fort was surrendered. General Butler had left the flag ship in the
Fanny a
few minutes before, for the purpose of effecting a landing himself, and was kind enough to offer me the privilege of
accompanying him—an invitation which, having no ambition for being announced in the obituary column as " wrecked in
a canal boat," I begged leave to decline—and I soon had reason to regret the declination. When the cheers of the
sailors announced the result of the day, tho General immediately directed his boat to the inlet, which he entered and
passed through. The rebel steamer
Winslow was then making the best of her way up the sound, and as the Fanny
rounded the point a shell from the canal boat's rifled gun was sent after her, but she was far out of range. Several
schooners which had been laying near, apparently for the purpose of witnessing the sport, ran away as fast as the wind
would carry them.

Fanny remained at the point quite an hour. On shipboard it was suspected that tho rebels declined to surrender to
the army, upon the ground that they had been defeated by the navy. It appears, however, that Commodore Barron, of
the Confederate States navy, had no such squeamishness. By verbal and written messages he made known to General
Butler that he had seven hundred troops in the fort, and fifteen hundred within call, meaning by the latter, I suppose, the
soldiers who were running away in the steamboats, with Arthur Sinclair, late of the United States navy, at their head; and
that if he and his officers were allowed to march out with side-arms, and the men were permitted to retire without arms,
ho would consent, in view of the events of the day, to evacuate the premises and abandon the position.
In reply to this exceedingly refreshing proposition, General Butler intimated that he wasn't so jolly green by half as Mr.
Barron took him to be; his compliments to Mr. Barron, and if that gentleman desired to capitulate unconditionally he
would be received as a prisoner of war; but if he chose to refuse those terms, he might prepare for the consequences.
Mr. Barron and his fellow-sufferers held a great talk.

Mr. Barron and his compatriots—or comtraitors, if that be the proper word—concluded to accept the bitter cup.
And accordingly, upon being informed that, as the expedition was a joint enterprise of the navy and the army, the
surrender must be made jointly to the two commanders, Mr Barron, styling himself -'Flag-officer C. S. N.," Mr. Martin,
styling himself "Colonel Seventh Infantry, North Carolina Volunteers," and Mr. W. S. G. Andrews, styling himself "Major
Commanding," availed themselves of General Butler's canal-boat-of-war as a means of transportation to the flag ship.
And what, think you, were the feelings of Samuel Barron, as, on the way, he passed under the guns of the
which, six months since, he commanded, and against which he had just been directing his batteries? And what were his
emotions as he stepped on the deck of the
Minnesota to receive the greetings of devotedly loyal men, his comrades for
so many years? Gloomy enough, surely! A form of capitulation was quickly drawn up, and signed by the contracting
parties in accordance with the above- mentioned stipulations, but somewhat singularly framed in one respect. Two of the
parties are therein described as "Col. Martin, commanding the forces, and Major Andrews, commanding the same
forces, at Fort Hatteras." Of the reason of this I will presently speak.

The documentary part of the transaction having been arranged, dispositions were at once made for formal and actual
surrender. General Butler again proceeded in the canal boat, to the sound, followed by the
Monticello and the transport
steamers. The
Harriet Lane, after some delay in obtaining a pilot, proceeded on the way. The Peabody towed one of the
iron surf boats, the only one which had been saved. And to show how much risk the soldiers incurred, in effecting a
landing, let me say here—out of place otherwise than chronologically—that, as the transport passed the flag ship, the
boat which was dragging astern, suddenly, and as if from some magic cause fell into a hundred pieces, leaving only a
towing line to mark where it had been; so utter was the wreck, that it seemed that the boat must have been built upon
the logical principles of the deacon who constructed  "the wonderful one hoss shay."

The vessels arriving at the forts, the remainder of the Federal troops were now landed and drawn up in line. The
Carolinians marched out of the fort, and, after inspection, were embarked on board the transports. Our troops march in;
the Union flag waves over me, and it is greeted with a salute fired from guns shotted for its humiliation. The victory was
now completed in form as well as in substance. Darkness had now come on, and it was quite impracticable to attempt to
transfer the captives to the flag ship before morning. Accordingly, nothing more is done by the victors, beyond caring for
the wounded of the enemy, and counting up the result.

Hatteras Inlet is not of the easiest navigation. Its channel, like the policy of Mr. Buchanan's Administration, shifts in a
night, puzzling the pilot, as the aforesaid policy puzzled the politicians. The
Monticello passed through it easily, however.
Adelaide, following immediately after, grounded, and was saved only by the skill and exertions of her officers and
crew. The
Harriet Lane grounded, and so remained all night, and after her armament had been cast overboard, the
chances appeared to be even that she will never float again.

This morning the prisoners were brought off in the transport
Adelaide—all but flag-officer Barron, who remained on
board the
Minnesota, in the retirement of the cabin, after signing the articles of capitulation. Six hundred and ninety-two
are to-night on board the
Minnesota, and rather sorry-looking fellows they are. The most valuable, of course, is the flag-
officer, who is, or rather was, before he became a prisoner of war, acting Secretary of Mr. Jefferson Davis' navy. Major
James A. Bradford is the chief of the ordnance department of the Confederate States army. He would seem to be a
valuable prize, but I heard one of our people remark that if Jeff. Davis' ordnance department was of the nature of our
own, the Confederate States might congratulate itself upon the providential removal of its head, and from some
correspondence which I have seen, I take it that the Confederate officers at the inlet are pretty much of the same
opinion. Singularly enough, the correspondence taken at Fort Hatteras discloses the fact that the commanding officers
there have been three months standing in the same relation to the general staff of the army, as, it is notorious, several
of our general officers have stood to the staff in Washington Lieut. Sharpe, another prisoner, is a citizen of Norfolk. He,
like Mr. Barron, wore the United States naval uniform. Other than these, I believe that none of the prisoners have ever
been officers of the regular army or navy establishment, though I believe Major Andrews, and some officers of the line,
served in Mexico as private soldiers. The men composing the Seventh regiment North Carolina Volunteers are scarcely
equal in appearance to the New York Seventh. They are not well clad. Their physique is not such as would lead one to
select them for important duty. Fully one-third, I think, would be rejected in the Federal service, under the standard of
surgical examination which now obtains. In intelligence they are greatly inferior to any regiment with which you in New
England are familiar. Many of them appeared to be thoroughly convinced that they were all to be hanged—they have
not yet found out what unconscionable liars their leaders are. In addition to the six hundred and ninety-two mentioned
above, there are a dozen or so who are to be taken to Annapolis in the
Adelaide, and quite a number severely wounded
are to be cared for at the forts for the present.

Fort Hatteras
Fort Hatteras—the first work erected—appears to have been built rather to prevent small gunboats from entering the
inlet than as a defence against any such attack as that of this week. It is situated a considerable distance in shore, and
faces the inlet. It is of octagon shape, with four sides of one hundred and forty feet and four of forty-two feet each. The
walls are twenty-eight feet six inches thick at the terreplein, and twenty feet at the top; six feet high at the inner crest and
sloping one foot to the face. The platforms are raised ten feet; space between platforms ten feet; guns twenty-eight feet
from centre to centre—all of which doth appear from the injured plan of the engineer, now before me. It mounted ten
thirty-twos. A ten-inch columbiad was quite ready for mounting. Fort Clark is a square redoubt, standing on ground
somewhat higher than the former, at the left and in front of it, so as to mask it well at all points except very near the bar.
It mounts six guns. In general construction it is similar to its neighbor. It is valuable only for defence against a seaward
attack. Both are built of sand, strengthened with sheet piling of two-inch plank, and by being well turfed over. Both are
provided with ample and thoroughly built bomb-proofs. The work does great credit to the skill of Colonel Thompson, the
constructing engineer. It was, perhaps, an error to put the smaller battery in the inlet. That fact, indeed, had much to do
with the exemption of the attacking fleet from danger, as in the positions taken by the vessels for the purpose of shelling
Fort Hatteras, on the second day, they were within range of the small battery, and would have suffered from it to some
extent had the enemy had possession thereof. The following letter from the constructing engineer will show what was
thought of the position by that gentleman, and I may add that it was generally considered impregnable by the military
authorities of North Carolina:

Fort Hatteras, July 25,1861. Col. Warren Wintlow, Military Secretary:
Colonel: The day before yesterday we hoisted our glorious flag over Fort Clark, a strong battery I have nearly finished
of five thirty-two pounders, about half a mile from Fort Hatteras, which secures to us a cross fire upon the bar at the
entrance to this inlet. I now consider this inlet secure against any attempt of the enemy to enter it. Our force of men I
think rather weak to resist a land attack, in case the enemy should effect a landing in the bight of Hatteras. If we had
three or four additional companies here, I should feel quite safe even in that event. As I have before remarked, this inlet
is the key to Albemarle Sound, and it cannot be too strictly guarded. We are certainly under the espionage of the United
States steamers, as they are seen every day or two in the offing, although they keep without the range of our guns. If I
had received the ten-inch Columbiads, we could have damaged them some on their last visit, three days since.
We now have two privateers in this harbor, besides the war steamers
Winslow, the Gordon, of Charleston, Captain Lock
wood, armed with three guns, a tine large steamer. She returned this morning with a prize brig, laden with three hundred
and sixty hogsheads of molasses. We have also a saucy-looking little pilot schooner, the Florida, mounting one six
pound rifled cannon. She captured a prize two days since, took her crew out, and sent her in with her own men. A United
States Government steamer gave chase to the prize, and they were obliged to beach her near Nag's Head. She of
course is a total loss.

Yours, respectfully, Major W. Brv. Ennow Thompson, Chief Engineer Department Coastal Defence.

As I have stated, the relative position of the two batteries was a serious injury to the defensive capacity of the position,
in the second engagement. The armament was very deficient, and this appears to have been a source of constant
anxiety to the commanding officer; but the ordnance department writes him that all the heavy guns stolen at Norfolk
have been taken elsewhere. But the guns—such as they were—did not get tho range to be expected of their grade;
cause—the utter worthlessness of the powder used. The contents of the magazine, it was found after the capture, were
entirely unfit for use; burning so slowly as not to have much more than half the usual expansive force. Fuze is not to be
had in the Southern army for the defence of such a position. So, for want of any thing better, they fired at us shell filled
with sand. To defend the approach from the beach, two field-pieces were stationed half a mile from Fort Clark. But no
attempt was made to use them; one was abandoned to our men before the first action was concluded, the second was
withdrawn into the fort. But beyond all the poverty of materials, there was the great difficulty with the garrison—its
incompetency and inefficiency. The officers had a quarrel among themselves, in which every soldier took a hand. Major
Andrews was the first commander. Colonel Martin, who was a lawyer and a politician, came down one day and
announced himself as Colonel commanding the regiment, and from that day until yesterday, when all feuds were buried
in a common disaster, the quarrel was a bitter one; but to the last, the Major appears to have maintained his supremacy.
The men quarrelled with the line officers too; several companies had agreed not to enlist tor tho war unless they could
have new officers. Some companies were on the point of actual mutiny —so the members wrote their friends. Whiskey
was a powerful enemy, too. One of the captains was fearfully inebriated when his command marched out of Fort
Hatteras; and, I may add, that the whiskey which was found in the fort was the most dangerous enemy our troops were
called upon to meet.

There was one young man in the garrison who appeared to be very cool. I take a page from his journal, to show his style:
August 28.—We had no attack last night. Eleven ships are now in sight, about ten miles off. Eight of them are war
steamers. We lay on our arms and by our cannon all night. Major Andrews has not yet arrived. Colonel Martin sent to
Newbern yesterday evening, by a pilot boat, after four or five more companies. They have not arrived yet. We have five
guns in our little fort, ten men, six of our company, and four of Sutton's, and a gunner to each cannon, which makes fifty-
five men in the fort. We have thirty-one men beside, who do not belong to any cannon, and Lieutenant Sitisen and
myself have a squad of eight men to the Light Artillery, and we will start on the island to prevent them from landing
presently. Sutton has twenty-one men who do not belong to cannon squads. Captain Lamb told me to stay in the fort
with all the men, but Sitisen says he has got to have me for gunner.

Major Andrews was absent on a furlough when the bombardment commenced. Colonel Martin was therefore in
undisputed command. The proposition to contest the landing of troops was abandoned without a trial. The action had
not continued an hour when the men commenced running away by ones and twos. After half an hour, not more than two
guns—I am tolerably confident not more than one—was worked. Finally, the flags of both forts were hauled down, and
large numbers of the troops fled in boats. I say this advisedly, having witnessed it myself from the quarter-deck of the
flag-ship. Having thus given the signal of surrender, the next act of the rebels was to fire upon the
Monticello. Mr.
Barron, who did not arrive until the next day, excuses this by saying that the forces had only retired to the large fort. I
beg his pardon—but I saw two flags go down. I presume that Colonel Martin supposed that the existence of the large
battery was unknown to the fleet. They called it a "masked battery " in their official correspondence, but it was not so
much masked as to conceal the knowledge of its location from the military authorities at Fortress Monroe; they heard of
it nearly two months since.

Mr. Barron, Major Andrews, and some other dignitaries, came down to see the fight next day, and fifteen hundred troops
came with them. But tho troops were not landed, as I gathered from Mr. Barron, because he did not think it advisable. I
saw the reinforcements, early in the morning, making off toward the middle of the sound, and there they remained until
tho white flag was raised, when they put with all speed for Newbern. Mr. Barron was in command on t ho second day. lie
knew that our troops could not land, and he assured mo that in the two days' fighting he had but five men killed, and I
believe him. How does it happen that with so little mortality, with ample protection for his men, and with the certainty that
before many hours the weather would put a stop to the attack—for, be it remembered, that it very seldom happens, not
once a year indeed, that a fleet of ships can lie so near Hatteras forty-eight hours—how happens it that an old soldier
like Flag-officer Barron should surrender.

I fancy this is the answer to the question: That the wood-work of a ventilator in the bomb-proof, near the magazine, took
fire, and the men raised a panic greater in degree than that of our troops at Bull Run, and absolutely forced him to put
up the white flag. The fort was in no great degree injured, and, according to Mr. Barron, there was no great danger to
the men. They were, I imagine, almost entirely protected by the bomb-proofs. Supposing, while the firing was going on,
that it must cause great mortality in the forts, I gave the rebels much credit for pluck.

But the evidence left after the evacuation proves them to have been great cowards, supposing always that the story of
Mr. Barron as to their loss is correct, and supposing that dead bodies and wounded men were not somehow
mysteriously carried away. Mr. Barron ought, if his force was what it should be, to have taken our three hundred and
fifteen soldiers first landed prisoners; instead of that, ho permitted forty of these men to hold a fort seven hundred yards
from him—the guns spiked at that—and to worry his men by occasional rifle balls. Can any thing but thorough
incapacity, poverty of resources, and want of discipline, account for this?

The net gains of the expedition—in a material sense—may be summed up as follows, to wit:—One Acting Cabinet-officer
of the Confederate States; seven hundred and fourteen other persons of no particular account intrinsically; two forts, in
good condition; thirty thirty-two pound guns—good of the kind; one ten-inch columbiad, ready for mounting; three brass
six-pounder field-pieces; one thousand stand of arms; twenty-five rounds of cartridges for heavy guns—excellent for
boys to play with as it is not likely to explode; quantity of shells filled with sand—the secessionists having no fuse—of
any particular value; brig with a cargo of fifty bales of cotton; two schooners with assorted cargoes—one principally of
coffee; two light ships piratically taken from the coast; large quantity of provisions; and finally, richest prize of all by far,
the entering wedge.

The pass commanded by these fortifications is the hole through which nearly all the pirates now infesting our waters find
their dens. Four or five of them are now in the sound, or the rivers emptying into it, and cannot escape without the
grossest inefficiency on the part of our gun-boats—and nobody who is acquainted with the officers in charge of them will
fear anything of that sort. There is but one other escape for privateers—that through Ocracoke —a difficult pass fifteen
or twenty miles below Fort Hatteras. That point can now he easily possessed, if Hatteras is held and reinforced, as from
it an expedition might be easily fitted out which could annihilate the works at Ocracoke in an hour. It is the key to the
whole North Carolina coast; it is the back door to Norfolk and to Richmond.

Having completed the arrangements for the expedition against tho forces at Hatteras, General Butler and staff took
passage on the Minnesota, which led the fleet. We left Hampton Roads at noon on Monday, and on Tuesday afternoon
we arrived off Hatteras Inlet, and the
Cumberland joined us there, having been sent down from Fortress Monroe
previously. Arrangements were made to begin operations at early dawn of next day, but it was found impracticable to
begin so early, and tho vessels did not get in position to open fire until nearly noon. As soon, however, as the proper
range was obtained, a tremendous fire was opened and kept up by tho
Minnesota, Wabash, and Cumberland; and while
these vessels were engaging Fort Clark, which is tho outer and smaller of the forts, the
Monticello and Pawnee cleared
the beach further up and afforded an opportunity for the troops to land.

Immediately such portions of tho troops as could be put into small boats were started for tho beach, consisting of a
portion of the German regiment, under Colonel Max Weber; one company of regulars under Captain Lamed, United
States Army; the Marine Guard of the Minnesota, under command of Captain Shuttleworth; a portion of the Marine
Guard of the
Wabash, under Major Doughty; a portion of the Marine Guard of the Cumberland, under command of
Lieutenant Hey wood, and a portion of the Naval Brigade, under Captain Nixon. These were landed in safety, though
only after great exertion, for the breakers made it very rough and dangerous to land. The coxswain of one of the
launches (whose name I did not learn) was the first to land, and was immediately followed by Lieutenant Loder, of
Captain Larned's company, whose exertions in assisting the other forces in landing are worthy of special notice. Every
effort was made to save the boats from destruction, but as fast as they ncared the beach the breakers carried them
aground, and it was necessary for the troops to wade ashore, and the boats remained aground despite our efforts to
get them off and send them for others of our troops.

Each moment the sea became rougher, and the prospect of landing more troops more hopeless, and at last had to be
abandoned, and the other troops that had been transferred to smaller vessels to effect a landing through them, had to
be taken back to the transport steamers. We were, therefore, left alone on tho beach, with but about three hundred
troops in all with only two howitzers, and a wheel of one of these was so much disabled in getting it ashore as to be
useless to us, and thus really leaving us with one rifled howitzer for our protection. All became wet in landing, much of
the ammunition damaged, and no provisions or water were brought off from the vessels, as it was expected that these
would be sent off when our small boats would return to the ships. In this connection I should not omit to mention the
heroic conduct of Lieutenant Crosby, of the United States Navy, whose exertion to effect a landing of our troops is
worthy of special commendation. During nearly the whole time the vessels kept firing on Fort Clark, and at this time the
Susquehanna, which had not been with us before, joined the fleet and opened fire also. The shelling from the different
vessels was now terrific. The troops were about two miles distant and formed in line, and were organized as well as their
situation would allow; but as no such contingency as the separation of so small a portion of the troops had been
anticipated, they were much at a loss to know what course to pursue.

The wind continued to rise and still more endangered the vessels, and required them to move further from the land.
Thus no communication could bo had with the vessels by the troops, and no chance of retreat was left them in case of
an attack upon them, as was anticipated. Scouts were sent out to reconnoitre, who soon returned and reported that Fort
Clark had been evacuated, and that the troops had been removed to Fort Hatteras, three-fourths of a mile distant, and
that the
Monticello had changed her position and was firing upon Fort Hatteras. The troops were, therefore, immediately
marched up to take possession of Fort Clark and hoist the Stars and Stripes on tho ramparts. In the mean time the tiring
had nearly ceased, except from the
Monticello's guns, and when our flag was hoisted on the ramparts a fire was again
opened upon the fort and our own troops shelled out of it, notwithstanding two of our flags were raised and floating from
the ramparts. Quite a number of our troops had entered the fort, and were there when the shells began bursting around
them, to their great surprise.

None of our men were killed by it, but a private was struck on the hand with a portion of a shell, which burst in the fort,
and covered Lieut. Carter, of the Marine Corps, and Dr. King, of the United States Navy, with dirt. The latter and Dr.
Jones, of the United States Navy, were the only medical officers with the troops on shore. In mistake the fire was thus
kept up on our forces, until they were compelled to retreat and leave there the stores, in the Quartermaster's
Department, which they had found, and which they now so much needed; for they had become exhausted in their
exertions to land the forces, and had then marched to the fort in wet clothes, and without any thing to eat since five a.
m., and it was now about five p. m., and it became necessary to fall back to the landing. In doing so they captured some
negroes, who had been acting as cooks for the forces there, and other prisoners in arms. From these it was found that
their forces were greater than ours, and that they were expecting reinforcements. No alternative was left but to be
resigned to whatever fate was in store, and all tried to be as cheerful as possible. Some sheep and geese were found
and "acquired" (to use a secession phrase) by our troops, and despatched very unceremoniously.

Camp fires were then built and our prey was roasted (or rather burned) on the bayonets and cutlasses, and on this the
troops made their supper and breakfast. The manner in which it was served did not make it particularly inviting, but yet it
was evidently very much relished in the absence of every thing else. Night was now upon us and bid fair to be a stormy
one. Every now and again a little rain would fall and dampen our clothes, which had not yet become dry from the
experience of the morning. Our pickets were posted around in different positions to prevent a surprise, and we
bivouacked on the beach. It was an anxious night to all. While we were lying on the beach, discussing the comfort that it
would afford us to be taken prisoners and marched to Richmond, they were getting reinforcements into Fort Hatteras
and were arranging to attack us, which would have resulted in our capture, for they outnumbered us, and they were on
their own grounds, and better organized than we were. Fortunately their pickets reported that we were moving forward in
large numbers to attack them, and they waited until morning for our approach.

We, however, were quite willing to remain in safety where we were, and when morning dawned we saw the vessels
coming in again from sea, whither the high winds compelled them to retreat for the night, and we took up our march for
Fort Clark, and at the same time the vessels advanced and opened such a hailstorm of shells as caused us to halt
outside of Fort Clark, as it was necessary for our vessels to fire over that fort to reach Fort Hatteras. During the firing
the troops took up a position about half a mile from Fort Clark, and planted the rifled howitzer so as to command some
steamers which were lying off Fort Hatteras. In the bay, either to land more troops or remove those in the fort, if they
could no longer hold it. Happily for us they were within the range of our gun, and were compelled to retire beyond their
position and remain there, and thus we prevented any communication with the fort except by signals. Whilst holding that
position, the
Pawnee by accident opened fire, and her shells fell so near the troops as to compel them to retire from
their position and remain between the two fires until the white flag was hoisted on Fort Hatteras, when the troops
advanced toward the fort and all firing ceased, and after that some of the officers of the fort were so dishonorable as to
escape in email boats before communication could be had with the fort.

The troops took their position on the beach and waited for the negotiation for the surrender to be made by the
commanding officer. In the mean time. Dr. King, of tho United States Navy, and Dr. Jones of the United States Navy,
also, went into the fort and tendered their professional services, and when tho Adelaide came in with the troops, Dr.
Humphrey, (I think,) the surgeon of one of the New York Volunteer regiments, joined them, and assisted to dress the
wounded that were left in the fort, many of them having been removed in small boats to the steamers, at different times.
About twenty in all were still in the fort, but the accurate number of killed and wounded would not be given, as inquiries
relative to the numbers were always evaded; but the mortality must have been greater than they acknowledge. Dr.
Humphrey remained to take charge of those so seriously wounded that they could not be removed from the fort, and the
others were taken to the Adelaide, under the charge of Drs. King and Jones, kept there under the charge of Dr. King,
and taken north, whilst the prisoners were transferred to the flag ship
Minnesota, to be taken to New York.
Dissatisfaction exists among the officers taken prisoners, in consequence of what they say is a desire of the officers of
the Union army to claim the victory, when they say they could not, from their situation, even assist the naval forces in the
battle. They say the demand was made for a surrender to the United States Army, and that they refused to do so,
alleging that they had not been whipped by them, and considered that they were able to defend themselves in their
position against the army, but that they would acknowledge that they were whipped by the navy, and that they would
surrender to the navy from necessity. It was finally decided to surrender to the United States forces, and the troops
waiting so anxiously on the beach, in the sand, and the hot sun pouring down upon them, and without food or water, felt
greatly relieved, and were marched into the fort as the secession troops marched out, and having formed in line on the
ramparts, the Stars and Stripes were raised and saluted. The troops were then removed to the
Adelaide, and spent the
night in the bay, leaving only forces enough in the fort to hold it. The next morning the prisoners were transferred to the
Minnesota outside of the bay, and started for New York. —
Daily Herald.

SECESSION ACCOUNT. A correspondent of the Petersburg (Ya.) Express, gives the following account of tho attack:
Raleigh, N. C, Friday, Aug. 30,1861. Deae Express: Sad are my feelings. The news from our coast of yesterday and to-
day is of a very sad character. Our coast is certainly in possession of the Yankees. They entered Hatteras Inlet on
yesterday and took possession of our batteries and men there. From accounts, I suppose their entrance was effected
with very little trouble. We had only one regiment, consisting of eight hundred men, stationed there and at Ocracoke
Inlet. This was the Seventh regiment Is North Carolina Volunteers. Its field-officers were: W. F. Martin, Colonel; Geo. W.
Johnson, Lieutenant-Colonel; H. A. Gilliam, Major. The entire regiment, with the officers, were taken prisoners by the

This, however, was expected by the officers whenever an attack was made. Col. Johnston was here several weeks ago,
and represented their insecure position. Aid was promised, but whether it was furnished I know not; but if it was, it was
certainly very meagre. Col. J. said, while here, that the Yankees could take them whenever they tried. They have tried,
and have done as he said.

The Yankee force consisted of sixteen war vessels, among them two very large ones. They stood out and bombarded
our batteries at pleasure, our guns not being able to reach a hull of tho fleet. Our men being few, our guns small, and
our ammunition scarce, all that could bo done was to surrender. So the defence of our coast at that important point has
amounted to nothing at all. And yet there has been every warning which prudent men ought to require in regard to our
coast defence. It has been said for some time past that the Yankees were building war-vessels of small draft, and was it
not evident that they were for our waters? Where else would they be required? The insecurity of our coast has been
represented by legislators, private citizens, and military men. And with all this warning the Yankees have come upon us
entirely unprepared, so far as effectiveness is concerned. Who is toblame, I do not pretend to say, but there certainly is
blame somewhere.

The people of North Carolina have been led to believe, through the Executive Department of the State, that our coast
was in a very strong state of defence. How this has happened I know not, nor will I attempt to guess. But wo see now
what tho boasted strength of our coast defences amounted to.

What does the entrance of the Yankees into our waters amount to? It amounts to this: The whole of the eastern part of
the State is now exposed to tho ravages of the merciless vandals. Newborn, Washington, Plymouth, Edenton, Hertford,
Elizabeth City, are all now exposed, besides the whole of the adjacent country.

The strength of the Yankee forces already landed is not definitely known. It is supposed to be about eight thousand
men. Our State is now plunged into a great deal of trouble, which certainly could have been avoided had the proper
steps been taken. It was said publicly by a member of tho Convention, during the late session, that if the Government
had had nothing to do with the coast defence, but left it to the people of the eastern part of the State, it would have been
put in a proper state of defence. No doubt but what he said was true.

I saw a gentleman to-day from up the State, who has a company to offer to the service of the State. Ho says, if arms
can't be obtained, they will arm themselves with double-barrelled shot-guns, and make the moulds for their own
cartridges. It is certain that something very active must be done, and that speedily.

Females are leaving the eastern part of the State very rapidly, and coming here and going elsewhere. There is great
agitation now throughout the State, as far as this news has reached. . Vmatus.

Hon. Gideon Welles,
Secretary of the Navy.
List of commissioned officers taken at Forts Hatteras and Clark, August 29,
Samuel Barron, commander C. S. navy.
James A. L. Bradford, colonel of ordnance and engineers C. S. army.
William F. Martin, colonel 7th North Carolina volunteers.
George W. Johnson, lieutenant colonel North Carolina volunteers.
H. A. Gilliam," major North Carolina volunteers.
W. S. G. Andrews, major of artillery North Carolina State troops.
John W. Poole, adjutant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
L. J. Johnson, captain North Carolina volunteers.
William Sharp, lieutenant C. S. navy.

James T. Las sell, first lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
James G. Carsang, ordnance sergeant.
Thomas H. Allen, lieutenant of ordnance and engineer.
William E. Poole, assistant surgeon.

J. T. P. C. Cahoon, captain 7th North Carolina volunteers.
John C. Lamb, captain 7th North Carolina volunteers.
L. L. Clements, captain 7th North Carolina volunteers.
Thomas H. Sharp, captain 7th North Carolina volunteers.
Thomas Sparrow, captain 2d North Carolina State troops.
G. G. Luke, captain volunteers.
W. A. Duke, captain volunteers.
W. Sutton, captain volunteers.

George W. Grimes, first lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
Kader Abrams, first lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
William Shaw, first lieutenant 2d North Carolina State troops.
J. C. Shannon, first lieutenant volunteers.
A. E. Bell, first lieutenant volunteers.
James W. Kinsey, first lieutenant volunteers.
J. W. Hory, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
M. W. Fathcrby, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
William Biggs, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
Thomas J. Norman, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
Stewart L. Johnson, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
M. T. Moye, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
G. W. Daniel, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
James A. Whiteley, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
W. B. Wise, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
J. G. Moore, second lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
James J. Whitehurst, second lieutenant 2d North Carolina State troops.
Anthony J. Thomas, second lieutenant 2d North Carolina State troops.
N. H. Hughes, second lieutenant volunteers.
C. G. Lamb, second lieutenant volunteers.
N. Taylor, second lieutenant volunteers.
A. W. Ezzell, second lieutenant volunteers.
James S. Whitehead, first lieutenant volunteers.
Thomas B. Griffin, third lieutenant 7th North Carolina volunteers.
G. T. Moore, company commissary.
And 624 privates, (names omitted.)

Commendation from Gideon Wells
Navy Department, September 2, 1861.
Sir: The department congratulates you and those of your command, and also the officers and soldiers of the army who
co-operated with you on the reduction of Forts Hatteras and Clark, and the capture of the forces employed in their

The successful result, thus far, of an expedition projected with great care, and the occupation of the position
commanding the most important inlet on the coast of North Carolina will be attended with consequences that can
scarcely be overestimated.

This brilliant achievement, accomplished without the loss of a man on your part, or injury to any one in the federal
service, has carried joy and gladness to the bosom of every friend of the Union.

It is, I trust, but the beginning of results that will soon eventuate in suppressing the insurrection, and confirming more
strongly than ever the integrity of the Union.

Convey to the officers and men of the respective vessels under your command the thanks of the department for their
gallant conduct, and the assurance that is thus afforded that, in the great emergency now upon us, the country may
rely, as of old, upon the vigor, the courage, and the enthusiasm of its brave officers and sailors.
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
General Benjamin Butler
General John E. Wool
Captain Samuel Barron
Col Max Weber
Flag Officer Silas Stringham
Gideon Wells
Secretary of the U.S. Navy
Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Weiss
Col. William F. Martin CSA
Captain James H. Gillis
Commander Stellwagger U. S. Navy
Commander Arthur Sinclair CSA
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During the action the scenes on the decks of the Minnesota were
most exciting. What do you think of arming negroes?Wouldn't
Wendell Phillips have found a text for an oration had he stood on that
deck watching half-a-dozen contrabands, who came from the batteries
at Yorktown to seek the protection of
Fortress Monroe, as they
worked the after gun of the upper deck? Certainly it was a sight which
I little expected ever to see when I left your office to
take notes of the war. But opinions change very rapidly under the
accelerating influence of revolutionary times. First our soldiers were
to quell servile insurrections. Then they were to protect contrabands
who should relieve them of fatigue duty. Then the contraband
doctrine went down before a new comer, looking very much like
general emancipation. And in the last days of August, in the first year
of our civil war, the negro stands by the side of the white man,
fighting the battles of the country.
Fort Hatteras after capture
The Battle of Fort Hatteras