Return to Understanding Civil War
Pensions
Guardianships
Suffering from wounds, disabilities, and old age, many of the pensioners were under guardianship as well as
orphaned children. It was been the practice to require the guardians to make detailed reports to the Bureau of the
items of expenditure concerning the estates of such pensions. The acts of Congress left it discretionary with the
Bureau whether it pay to the guardian or to the pensioner. Owing to the growth in the number of guardianships with
Civil War pensioners in the 20th century and the great labor and expense in scrutinizing and passing upon the
accounts of guardians, it was necessary to change the rule that has heretofore prevailed, and the guardianship
accounts were no longer required, but the guardian would be required, at the will of the Bureau to furnish a
certificate, from the judge of the court appoint him, that such guardian is still duly qualified and acting and has given
and maintained proper bonds and made proper reports and complied with the law.

See following:

Child guardianship
Deposition of James Bythewood for minors of William Morris 33rd USCT - December 30, 1876
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