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Pensions
Last Survivors
Revolutionary War
Daniel F. Bakeman
, the last survivor of the war of the Revolution was born in Schoharie County, N. Y., September
28, 1759; died in Freedom, Cattaraugus County, N. Y., April 6, 1869; aged, 109 years, 6 months and 8 days; and
thus one of the heroes of the Revolution, who fought to bring the United States into existence, lived to see Lee
surrender at Appomattox and to see Alaska purchased from Russia and added to the Union

On February 14, 1867, the United States Congress passed a special act which granted a Revolutionary War pension
to Bakeman. The act was required because Bakeman could not prove that he had served in New York

Lemuel Cook was also born in 1759 and survived to the age of 106. He joined the Continental Army at age 16 and
received an honorable discharge signed by George Washington in 1784. Cook died in 1866, making him the longest-
surviving documented Revolutionary War veteran. Cook dictated his experiences for posterity.

Lemuel Cook of Clarendon, New York died May 20, 1866 at 107 years of his age.

Lemuel was clearly the eldest of all of these Last Survivors and he was without any question the Last Pensioner the
last year of his life. In 1867 the 39th Congress gave pensions to two other men by "Special Acts" in their behalf
because they could not meet the criterion of previous pension laws, they were; John Gray of Brookfield, Ohio who
died March 29, 1868, age unknown, who served less than six months; and Daniel F. Bakeman of Freedom, NY who
died April 5, 1869. The only existing reference to his age is on his headstone which says he wes 109 years, nor is
there any existing record of his service in NY where he said he served nor in the National Archive., nor record of the
testimony given before the 39th Congress prior to the passage of his Bill. Be that as it may, while he lived Lemuel
was the Oldest and the Last Survivor and was born before the two that were added to the rolls after his death.

War of 1812
Hiram Cronk is the last survivor of the War of 1812. A New York newspaper said of him:

On a small farm in Ava, N. Y., cleared by himself more than seventy-five years ago, Hiram Silas Cronk, the last
pensioned soldier of the war of 1812, is now living, attended by his daughter, Mrs. Sarah Crowley, herself quite an
aged lady. Mr. Cronk was born April 29, 1800, but one would not believe that more than a century had rolled past
him to see him sitting quietly in his home talking to his daughter, singing hymns, and offering an occasional prayer
for his own sould and all mankind.

Mr. Cronk enlisted at Western, N. Y., on August 4, 1814, when he was just a little more than 14 years old, and on the
same day his father, James Cronk, and two brothers, Casper and John, also enlisted, serving under Capt. Edmund
Fuller in the defense of Sacketts Harbor. At the close of the war the father and three sons were honorably
discharged November 16, 1814.  He died May 13, 1905

War with Mexico
Owen Thomas Edgar died on Sept. 3, 1929, at the age of 98 years. The last 10 years he spent his life in the John
Dickson Home, of Washington, D.C. MR. EDGAR enlisted in the war in Feb., 1846 and was honorably discharged on
Aug.8, 1849. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the United States Navy as a 2nd-class
apprentice on February 10, 1846, and was discharged August 8, 1849. Edgar saw service on the frigates Potomac,
Allegheny, Pennsylvania and Experience. Returning to Philadelphia he studied the printing trade as his life work. An
injury, received after the Mexican War, prevented his serviving in the War Between the States but he went to
Washington in 1861 , where he secured employment in the Bureau of Printing, later made division chief and served
25 years.

He was buried in the Congressional Cemetery, Washington, with military and Masonic honors. Three volleys were
fired over his grave and taps was sounded.

War of the Rebellion - U. S. Army
Albert Woolson was born in the New York farm hamlet of Antwerp, 22 miles northeast of Watertown, on February 11,
1847. Willard Woolson, his father, was a carpenter in Watertown and apprenticed his son to the trade.

Minnesota’s manpower was stretched thin to furnish its quota for the Union forces and at the same time to hold back
the Sioux Indians, who were off the reservation in 1863. The Union needed heavy artillery and Col. William Colville
organized a Minnesota heavy artillery regiment of 1,800 men. Albert Woolson got his mother’s consent and was
accepted into Company C, First Minnesota Volunteer Heavy Artillery. His military service dated from October 10,
1864. Enlisted as a rifleman, he eventually was assigned as a drummer and bugler. Late in 1864, the Regiment
joined the Army of the Cumberland in Tennessee. It was commanded by Maj. General George H. Thomas, known to
history as The Rock of Chickamauga, but more familiarly to his men as Pap.

The First Minnesota sat out the spring and early summer of 1865 in the shadow of Lookout Mountain, near
Chattanooga, and in August the Regiment was ordered home. Comrade Woolson received his discharge on
September 7, 1865.

He married Sarah Jane Sloper in 1868. She died in 1901. Three years later he married Anna Haugen who died in
1949. Survivors include six daughters, Mrs. John Kobus, Mrs. Arthur Johnson, and Mrs. Robert Campbell, all of
Duluth; Mrs. Adelaid Wellcome, Mrs. F.W. Rye, and Mrs. J.C. Barrett, all of Seattle; and two sons, Dr. A.H. Woolson
of Spokane, Washington, and R.C. Woolson of Dayton, Washington.

On August 2, 1956, Comrade Woolson died at the age of 109 years. He had been hospitalized for nine weeks with a
recurring lung congestion condition. He lapsed into a coma five days before his death and did not regain
consciousness. Members of his family were at his bedside when he died in St. Luke’s Hospital, Duluth, Minnesota.

Mr. Woolson's last comrade of the Union Army, James A. Hard of Rochester, N.Y., died in 1953 at the age of 111.

In Washington, President Eisenhower said today the death of Mr. Woolson "brings sorrow to the hearts" of mericans.
The President said:   "The American people have lost the last personal link with the Union Army. "His passing brings
sorrow to the hearts of all of us who cherished the memory of the brave men on both sides of the War Between the
States."

On August 6, 1956, Albert Woolson, the Union Army veteran who outlived all his comrades, was laid to rest in the
family plot in Park Hill Cemetery, Duluth, Minnesota. as thousands paid final tribute.

Mr. Woolson was the sole officially listed survivor of the more than 2,200,000 men of the Union armed forces.

Spanish-American War
Jones Morgan (October 23, 1882? – August 29, 1993) is said to be an African-American soldier who served in the U.
S. Army during the Spanish-American War. He ran away from home and snuck into the army at age 15. The
ostensible last surviving US veteran of the war, Morgan served as a cook and a horse wrangler in the 10th Regiment
(United States Cavalry, from 1896 to 1900. He died in Richmond, Virginia, at the claimed age of 110. His friend
Samuel died in the battle and he put his diary in his pocket. He later received it back from a collector. He is buried in
Forest Lawn Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia. Due to lack of documents (which, according to a paper article from
Florida and Morgan himself, were destroyed during a house fire in 1912), and the fact that he was underage during
his time of service (however, Nathan E. Cook would have been as well, being born in 1885), some authorities do not
recognize him as officially 110 or as the last Spanish-American War veteran, instead giving the honor to Cook, who
was 106 when he died September 10, 1992.

World War I
Frank Woodruff Buckles (February 1, 1901 – February 27, 2011), born Wood Buckles, was the last surviving
American veteran of World War I. He enlisted in the United States Army in 1917 and served with a detachment from
Fort Riley, driving ambulances and motorcycles near the front lines in Europe.

During World War II, he was captured by Japanese forces while working in the shipping business, and spent three
years in the Philippines as a civilian prisoner. After the war, Buckles married in San Francisco and moved to Gap
View Farm near Charles Town, West Virginia. A widower at age 98, he worked on his farm until the age of 105.

In his last years, he was Honorary Chairman of the World War I Memorial Foundation. As chairman, he advocated
the establishment of a World War I memorial similar to other war memorials in Washington, D.C.. Toward this end,
Buckles campaigned for the District of Columbia War Memorial to be renamed the National World War I Memorial. He
testified before Congress in support of this cause, and met with President George W. Bush at the White House.

Buckles was awarded the World War I Victory Medal at the conclusion of that conflict, and the Army of Occupation of
Germany Medal retroactively following the medal's creation in 1941, as well as the French Legion of Honor in 1999.
His funeral was on March 15, 2011, at Arlington National Cemetery, with President Barack Obama attending and with
full military honors.
Hiram Cronk
Albert Woolson
Owen Thomas Edgar
Frank Woodruff Buckles
Lemuel Cook
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