Texas
Return to Dr. Bronson History
Like us on
Facebook
Lots more history
for you to like
State Capital - Austin
Largest City - Houston
Entered the Union: December 29, 1845 (28) Capital: Austin  
Area - 268,601 square miles [Texas is the second biggest state in the USA - only Alaska is bigger]
Population - 26,448,193 (as of 2013) [Texas is the second most populous state in the USA, after California; New York is
the third most populous]

Major Industries - petroleum and natural gas, farming (cotton, livestock), steel, banking, insurance, tourism

Presidential Birthplaces
Dwight David Eisenhower was born in Denison on October 14, 1890 (he was the 34th US President, serving from 1953 to
1961).

Lyndon Baines Johnson was born near Johnson City on August 27, 1908 (he was the 36th US President, serving from
1963 to 1969).

Main Rivers - Rio Grande, Red River, Brazos River
Highest Point - Guadalupe Peak, 8,749 feet (2,667 m) above sea level
Number of Counties - 254
Bordering States - Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Bordering Country - Mexico
Bordering Body of Water - Gulf of Mexico

Origin of the Name Texas - The Caddo Indians of eastern Texas called their group of tribes the "Tejas," meaning "those
who are friends".
State Nickname - The Lone Star State
State Motto - Friendship

State Song - "Texas, Our Texas"  by William J. Marsh
Texas, Our Texas! all hail the mighty State!
Texas, Our Texas! so wonderful so great!
Boldest and grandest, withstanding ev'ry test
O Empire wide and glorious, you stand supremely blest.
(chorus)

Texas, O Texas! your freeborn single star,
Sends out its radiance to nations near and far,
Emblem of Freedom! it set our hearts aglow,
With thoughts of San Jacinto and glorious Alamo.
(chorus)

Texas, dear Texas! from tyrant grip now free,
Shines forth in splendor, your star of destiny!
Mother of heroes, we come your children true,
Proclaiming our allegiance, our faith, our love for you.
Chorus:

God bless you Texas! And keep you brave and strong,
That you may grow in power and worth, throughout the ages long.
God bless you Texas! And keep you brave and strong,
That you may grow in power and worth, throughout the ages long.

State Motto: Friendship
State Mammal: Texas Longhorn
State Tree: Pecan
State Small Mammal: Armadillo
State Bird: Mockingbird
State Flower: Bluebonnet, Lupinus Texensis and any other variety of bluebonnet
Air Force: Commemorative Air Force..
Amphibian: Texas Toad
Aquarium: Texas State Acquarium
Bison heard - Texas State Bison Herd at Caprock Canyons State Park
Bluebonnet city - Ennis
Bluebonnet festival - Chappel Hill Bluebonnet Festival
Bluebonnet Trail - Ennis
Bread - Pan de Campo
Cobbler - Peach Cobbler
Cooking implement - Cast Iron Dutch Oven
Dinosaur - Paluxysaurus Jonesi
Dish - Chili  
Dog breed - Blue Lacy  
Game - domino
Epic poem  - Legend of Old Stone Ranch
Fiber and fabric - Cotton
Fish - Guadalupe Bass
Flower song - Bluebonnets
Folk dance - Square Dance
Footwear - Cowboy Boot
Fruit - Texas Red Grapefruit
Gem - Texas Blue Topaz
Gemstone cut - Lone Star Cut
Grass - Sideoats Grama
Health nut - Pecan
Horse - American Quarter Horse
Insect - Monarch Butterfly
Longhorn herd - Foundation Herd of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
Maritime museum - Texas Maritime Museum
Motto - "Friendship"
Music  - Western Swing
Musical instrument  - Guitar
Native pepper - Chiltepin
Native shrub  - Texas Purple Sage
Pastries - Sopaipilla and Strudel
Pepper - Jalapeno
Pie - Pecan Pie
Plant - Prickly Pear Cactus
Plays  - The Lone Star, Texas, Beyond the Sundown, Fandangle
Precious metal - Silver
Railroad - Texas State Railroad
Reptile - Texas Horned Lizard
Rodeo drill team  - Ghostriders
Saltwater fish  - Red Drum
Sea turtle - Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle
Shell - Lightning Whelk  
Ship - U. S. S. Texas
Shrub - Crape Myrtle
Snack  - Tortilla Chips and Salsa
Sport - Rodeo
Squash - Pumpkin
Stone - Petrified Palmwood
Tall ship - Elissa
Tartan  - Texas Bluebonnet
10K - Texas Round-up
Vegetable - Sweet Onion
Vehicle - Chuck Wagon
Waterlily - Nymphaea Texas Dawn

Governors of Texas
•J. Pinckney Henderson  - February 19, 1846-December 21, 1847

•George T. Wood - December 21, 1847-December 21, 1849

•Peter Hansbrough Bell - December 21, 1849-November 23, 1853

•J. W. Henderson - November 23, 1853-December 21, 1853

•Elisha M. Pease - December 21, 1853-December 21, 1857

•Hardin R. Runnels - December 21, 1857-December 21, 1859

•Sam Houston - December 21, 1859-March 16, 1861

•Edward Clark - March 16, 1861-November 7, 1861

•Francis R. Lubbock -November 7, 1861-November 5, 1863

•Pendleton Murrah - November 5, 1863-June 17, 1865

•Andrew J. Hamilton - June 17, 1865--August 9, 1866

•James W. Throckmorton - August 9, 1866-August 8, 1867

• Elisha M. Pease - August 8, 1867-September 30, 1869

•Edmund J. Davis - January 8, 1870-January 15, 1874

•Richard Coke - January 15, 1874-December 1, 1876

•Richard B. Hubbard - December 1, 1876-January 21, 1879

•Oran M. Roberts - January 21, 1879-January 16, 1883

•John Ireland - January 16, 1883-January 18, 1887

•Lawrence Sullivan Ross - January 18, 1887-January 20, 1891

•James Stephen Hogg - January 20, 1891-January 15, 1895

•Charles A. Culberson - January 15, 1895-January 17, 1899

•Joseph D. Sayers - January 17, 1899-January 20, 1903

•S. W. T. Lanham - January 20, 1903-January 15, 1907

•Thomas Mitchell Campbell - January 15, 1907-January 17, 1911

•Oscar Branch Colquitt - January 17, 1911-January 19, 1915

•James E. Ferguson - January 19, 1915-August 25, 1917

•William Pettus Hobby - August 25, 1917-January 18, 1921

•Pat Morris Neff - January 18, 1921-January 20, 1925

•Miriam A. Ferguson - January 20, 1925-January 17, 1927

•Dan Moody - January 17, 1927-January 20, 1931

•Ross S. Sterling - January 20, 1931-January 17, 1933

•Miriam A. Ferguson - January 17, 1933-January 15, 1935

•James V. Allred - January 15, 1935-January 17, 1939

•W. Lee O'Daniel - January 17, 1939-August 4, 1941

•Coke R. Stevenson - August 4, 1941-January 21, 1947

•Beauford H. Jester - January 21, 1947-July 11, 1949

•Allan Shivers - July 11, 1949-January 15, 1957

•Price Daniel - January 15, 1957-January 15, 1963

•John Connally - January 15, 1963-January 21, 1969

•Preston Smith - January 21, 1969-January 16, 1973

•Dolph Briscoe - January 16, 1973-January 16, 1979

•William P. Clements - January 16, 1979-January 18, 1983

•Mark White - January 18, 1983-January 20, 1987

•William P. Clements - January 20, 1987-January 15, 1991

•Ann W. Richards - January 15, 1991-January 17, 1995

•George W. Bush - January 17, 1995-December 21, 2000

•James Richard Perry - December 21, 2000 to present

Counties
Anderson County

Andrews County

Angelina County

Aransas County

Archer County

Armstrong County

Atascosa County

Austin County

Bailey County

Bandera County

Bastrop County

Baylor County

Bee County

Bell County

Bexar County
Pictures of the Great Depression in San Antonio by Russell Lee
San Antonio History Timeline
Alax Lomax Photographs of San Antonio Texas 1934
San Ferando Cathedral Church of Nuestra Senora de la Candelaria y Guadalupe
San Antonio Photos Arthur Davis Stewart
Blanco County

Borden County

Bosque County

Bowie County

Brazoria County

Brazos County

Brewster County

Briscoe County

Brooks County

Brown County

Burleson County

Burnet County

Caldwell County

Calhoun County

Callahan County

Cameron County

Camp County

Carson County

Cass County

Castro County

Chambers County

Cherokee County

Childress County

Clay County

Cochran County

Coke County

Coleman County

Collin County

Collingsworth County

Colorado County

Comal County

Comanche County

Concho County

Cooke County

Coryell County

Cottle County

Crane County

Crockett County

Crosby County

Culberson County

Dallam County

Dallas County

Dawson County

Deaf Smith County

Delta County

Denton County
General William Jenkins Worth

DeWitt County

Dickens County

Dimmit County

Donley County

Duval County

Eastland County

Ector County

Edwards County

El Paso County

Ellis County

Erath County

Falls County

Fannin County

Fayette County

Fisher County

Floyd County

Foard County

Fort Bend County

Franklin County

Freestone County

Frio County

Gaines County

Galveston County

Garza County

Gillespie County

Glasscock County

Goliad County

Gonzales County

Gray County

Grayson County

Gregg County

Grimes County

Guadalupe County

Hale County

Hall County

Hamilton County

Hansford County

Hardeman County

Hardin County

Harris County

Harrison County

Hartley County

Haskell County

Hays County

Hemphill County

Henderson County

Hidalgo County

Hill County

Hockley County

Hood County

Hopkins County

Houston County

Howard County

Hudspeth County

Hunt County

Hutchinson County

Irion County

Jack County

Jackson County

Jasper County

Jeff Davis County

Jefferson County

Jim Hogg County

Jim Wells County

Johnson County

Jones County

Karnes County

Kaufman County

Kendall County

Kenedy County

Kent County

Kerr County

Kimble County

King County

Kinney County

Kleberg County

Knox County

La Salle County

Lamar County

Lamb County

Lampasas County

Lavaca County

Lee County

Leon County

Liberty County

Limestone County

Lipscomb County

Live Oak County

Llano County

Loving County

Lubbock County

Lynn County

Madison County

Marion County

Martin County

Mason County

Matagorda County

Maverick County

McCulloch County

McLennan County

McMullen County

Medina County

Menard County

Midland County

Milam County

Mills County

Mitchell County

Montague County

Montgomery County

Moore County

Morris County

Motley County

Nacogdoches County

Navarro County

Newton County

Nolan County

Nueces County

Ochiltree County

Oldham County

Orange County

Palo Pinto County

Panola County

Parker County

Parmer County

Pecos County

Polk County

Potter County

Presidio County

Rains County

Randall County

Reagan County

Real County

Red River County

Reeves County

Refugio County

Roberts County

Robertson County

Rockwall County

Runnels County

Rusk County

Sabine County

San Augustine County

San Jacinto County

San Patricio County

San Saba County

Schleicher County

Scurry County

Shackelford County

Shelby County

Sherman County

Smith County

Somervell County

Starr County

Stephens County

Sterling County

Stonewall County

Sutton County

Swisher County

Tarrant County

Taylor County

Terrell County

Terry County

Throckmorton County

Titus County

Tom Green County

Travis County

Trinity County

Tyler County

Upshur County

Upton County

Uvalde County

Val Verde County

Van Zandt County

Victoria County

Walker County

Waller County

Ward County

Washington County

Webb County

Wharton County

Wheeler County

Wichita County

Wilbarger County

Willacy County

Williamson County

Wilson County

Winkler County

Wise County

Wood County

Yoakum County

Young County

Zapata County

Zavala County

State Parks
Abilene State Park
Atlanta State Park
Balmorhea State Park
Barrington Living History Farm at Washington-on-the-Brazos
Barton Warnock Environmental Education Center
Bastrop State Park
Battleship TEXAS State Historic Site
Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park
Big Bend Ranch State Park
Big Spring State Park
Blanco State Park
Boca Chica State Park
Bonham State Park
Brazos Bend State Park
Buescher State Park
Caddo Lake State Park
Caprock Canyons State Park and Trailway
Cedar Hill State Park
Chinati Mountains State Natural Area - not open to the public
Choke Canyon State Park - includes Calliham Unit and South Shore Unit
Cleburne State Park
Colorado Bend State Park
Cooper Lake State Park - includes Doctors Creek Unit and South Sulphur Unit
Copper Breaks State Park
Daingerfield State Park
Davis Mountains State Park
Detroit State Park
Devils River State Natural Area - Limited Use
Devil's Sinkhole State Natural Area - Access by Special Request
Dinosaur Valley State Park
Eisenhower State Park
Enchanted Rock State Natural Area
Estero Llano Grande State Park
Fairfield Lake State Park
Falcon State Park
Fanthorp Inn State Historic Site
Fort Boggy State Park
Fort Leaton State Historic Site
Fort Parker State Park
Fort Richardson State Park and Historic Site
Franklin Mountains State Park
Galveston Island State Park
Garner State Park
Goliad State Park and Historic Site
Goose Island State Park
Government Canyon State Natural Area - Limited Access Pending Development
Guadalupe River State Park
Honey Creek State Natural Area
Hueco Tanks State Historic Site
Huntsville State Park
ZIndian Lodge
Inks Lake State Park
Kickapoo Cavern State Park - Limited Use
Kreische Brewery State Historic Site
Lake Arrowhead State Park
Lake Bob Sandlin State Park
Lake Brownwood State Park
Lake Casa Blanca International State Park
Lake Colorado City State Park
Lake Corpus Christi State Park
Lake Livingston State Park
Lake Mineral Wells State Park & Trailway
Lake Somerville State Park - includes Birch Creek Unit, Nails Creek Unit, Lake Somerville Trailway Unit, and the Somerville
Wildlife Management Area Unit
Lake Tawakoni State Park
Lake Texana State Park
Lake Whitney State Park
Lipantitlan State Historic Site
Lockhart State Park
Longhorn Cavern State Park
Lost Creek Reservoir State Trailway
Lost Maples State Natural Area
Lyndon B. Johnson State Park and Historic Site
Martin Creek Lake State Park
Martin Dies, Jr. State Park
Matagorda Island State Park
McKinney Falls State Park
Meridian State Park
Mission Espíritu Santo State Historic Site
Mission Rosario State Historic Site
Mission Tejas State Park
Monahans Sandhills State Park
Monument Hill State Historic Site
Mother Neff State Park
Mustang Island State Park
Old Tunnel State Park
Palmetto State Park
Palo Duro Canyon State Park
Pedernales Falls State Park
Penn Farm
Port Isabel Lighthouse State Historic Site - Operated by the City of Port Isabel
Possum Kingdom State Park
Purtis Creek State Park
Ray Roberts Lake State Park - includes Isle du Bois Unit, Johnson Branch Unit, Jordan Unit and the Greenbelt
Resaca de la Palma State Park
San Angelo State Park
San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site
Sauer-Beckmann Farm
Sea Rim State Park
Seminole Canyon State Park and Historic Site
Sheldon Lake State Park
South Llano River State Park
Stephen F. Austin State Park
Tyler State Park
Village Creek State Park
Walter Umphrey State Park - Operated by Jefferson County
Washington-on-the-Brazos
Wyler Aerial Tramway
Zaragoza Birthplace State Historic Site

National Parks in Texas
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument
Amistad National Recreation Area
Big Bend National Park
Big Thicket National Preserve
Chamizal National Memorial
Fort Davis National Historic Site
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area
Lyndon B Johnson National Historical Park
Padre Island National Seashore
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

.
Top Senator
Lyndon Banes Johnson - (August 27, 1908 - January 22, 1973). Senator from Texas January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1961.
During his senate terms he served as Senate minority leader, Senate Whip and Senate Majority Leader. He was the
master at making the Senate work.
Custom Search
Ike
Texas Longhorn
Texas Toad
Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle
Shell - Lightning Whelk
Armadillo
Guadalupe Bass
Nymphaea Texas Dawn
Pan de Campo
Commemorative Air Force
Texas Purple Sage
Paluxysaurus Jonesi
Blue Lacy  
American Quarter Horse
Texas Horned Lizard
Prickly Pear Cactus
Chiltepin
Red Drum
Monarch Butterfly
Cotton
Jalapeno
Crape Myrtle